Syrian Express Deployments Taking Toll On Russian Ships?

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Russian landing ship Azov, last seen on 19th February 2016 making a northbound passage. Photo: Yörük Işık.

Turkish maritime news portal Deniz Haber Ajansı ran a story about the Russian naval exercise scheduled in the Black Sea. According to the news Russian Navy has to cancel at least the amphibious landing part of the exercise due to the fact that Ropucha class landing ships Azov and Yamal were unavailable due to malfunctions. The Turkish portal quotes Ukrainian as their source and I was not able to verify content of the story through other means. But there is no smoke without fire.

Yamal made 3 Syrian deployments in this year and she was last seen on 22th February 2016 sailing north. Whereas Azov made only 2 Syrian deployments in 2016 and she was last seen sailing north on 19th February 2016. So both of them were absent for the last 68 days. This is a long pause suggesting that there actually might be some problems with these ships.

The arduous Syrian Express deployments seems to be taking toll on the auxiliary cargo ships of the Russian Navy as well. According to 7 Feet Beneath the Keel blog half of them are in non-operational status:

“Dvinitsa-50” — operational
“Kazan-60” — non-operational; to undergo repairs – possibly until this fall – following a machinery room fire in late March
“Kyzyl-60” — non-operational
“Vologda-50” — operational
“Aleksandr Tkachenko” — non-operational; after conducting roundtrip missions in February and March, vessel pulled into Feodosiya in mid-March where it probably remains today
“Yauza” — returning to Murmansk

 

Recent Russian Deployments From The Black Sea

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The Baltic Fleet warship Minsk is back. She was last seen on 17.04.2014 going south.

The tensions between Turkey and Russia are still in an aggravated level after the shooting down of a Russian Su-24M fighter-bomber by a Turkish F-16C.

As reported earlier, most of the tension remains on politic and economic front. Both sides are trying to keep their military reactions to a minimum.

According to Montreux Convention any Black Sea nation must inform Turkey 8 days before the passage of its warship. 14 days has passed since the shooting of the Russian fighter plane. If Russia wanted to reinforce its fleet off the coast of Syria with warships from the Black Sea Fleet these ship would have been passing through the Turkish Straits in last 5 days.

We have seen the southbound passage of 3 military landing ships (Korolev, Saratov, Tsezar Kunikov) and northbound passage of 4 military landing ships and 2 auxiliary cargo ships (Tsezar Kunikov, Yamal, Minsk, Korolev, Yauza, Dvinitsa-50) in last 15 days.

One of the most documented and discussed passage was the one of Tsezar Kunikov. During the southbound passage of this ship on 4th December 2015, a single sailor carrying what appears to be a 9K38 Igla (SA-18 “Grouse”) was photographed. The commanding officer of a warship has the duty to take all necessary precautions to protect his ship and his crew. But the show with the single Sa-18 was neither funny nor logical. If the missile was against Turkish Air Force it was definitely not enough, if the missile was against Daesh Air Force it was too much since they do not have any planes yet. So it was just a gesture to annoy

What we have not seen are the southbound passages of the destroyer or frigates from the Black Sea Fleet. This means either Russia is more interested in keeping their troops supplied in Syria or the conditions of Black Sea Fleet warships are not suitable for such deployment.

What Will Happen On Maritime Front After The Shooting Of The Russian Fighter?

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Russian warship Korolev passing through Bosphorus on 28th November 2015

On 24 November 2015, one Turkish F-16 fighter, shoot down a Russian Su-24M fighter-bomber violating Turkish airspace.

The events happening after this incident are beyond the scope of this blog. I am going to try to explain this recent Turco-Russian crisis from a maritime point of view.

So what is going to happen on maritime front after the shooting down of the Russian fighter? The short answer is: Nothing.

The first reaction on Russian side, in maritime domain was to withdraw the naval officer working as a liaison between Russia’s Black Sea Fleet and Turkish Navy and suspend participation in the Black Sea Force (BLACKSEAFOR).

In accordance with the decision by the Russian Defense Ministry on terminating military contacts with Turkey, the participation of our Black Sea Fleet in the BLACKSEAFOR drills has been suspended,” said Komoyedov who was previously commander of the Russian Black Sea Fleet.
“Also, a representative of the Russian Navy in charge of coordination between the Black Sea Fleet and the Turkish Navy has been recalled from Turkey,” Komoyedov said. “He has returned home,” he added.

The withdraw from BLACKSEAFOR is purely for the Russian public consumption. The BLACKSEAFOR was created by Turkey as a call of naval task force very similar to NATO’s Standing Maritime Groups. The Purpose of the BLACKSEAFOR was to develop the interoperability between the Black Sea nations and the create a mutual trust and cooperation between the navies. But the BLACKSEAFOR was stabbed in the back by Russia with the Georgian – Russian war in 2008. That conflict destroyed much of the work done by then. The annexation of Crimea by Russia was the final nail in the coffin. Since that event BLACKSEAFOR was in coma and the yearly activations of the task force were cancelled.therefore Russian decision of leaving BLACKSEAFOR has no value.

Another reaction was the deployment of the Slava class cruiser Mosvka off the coast of Syrian town Latakia.

“Cruiser” Moskva “, armed with air defense system” Fort “, on Wednesday morning took the position area in the region of Latakia. His means of radar and missile system will be able to provide cover videoconferencing Russian air group in Syria, “- a spokesman said.

On the eve of the chief of the Main Operations Directorate of the General Staff, Lieutenant-General Sergey Rudskoy told reporters that the cruiser “Moskva”, equipped with air defense system “Fort”, takes the area near Latakia to strengthen defense. The exact date when not given.

Besides Mosvka, the following Russian ships are in the region:

  • Kashin class destroyer Smetliviy
  • Nanuchka III class corvette Mirazh
  • Vishnya class intelligence-gathering ship Vasiliy Tatischev
  • Tanker Ivan Bubnov
  • Tug MB-31
  • Amur class repair ship PM-56
  •  Oceanographic research ship Admiral Vladimirsky

And the following Russian ships are on the way to the region:

  • Ropucha class large landing ships Korolev and Tsezar Kunikov
  • Auxiliary cargo ship Vologda-50

Mosvka has passed through Turkish Straits on 25 September 2015 and she remained in the Eastern Mediterranean since that day.  Moskva has 8 vertical launcher for SA-N-6 ‘Grumble’ surface to air missiles with 8 rounds for each launcher. The SA-N-6 ‘Grumble’ also known as S-300F (Fort) is a navalised version of the S-300 surface to air missile system.  The ship based missile is the 5V55RM which has a minimum range of 5 kilometers and a maximum range on 75 kilometers.

The deployment of the cruiser, the flagship of the Russian Black Sea Fleet, off the coast of Latakia will increase the protection for air base used by Russia and is more or less for the Russian public consumption.   I am quite sure that the captain of Moskva is not happy to act as a picket fence. As a picket fence the cruiser will be the first line of defence and there are not enough Russian warships to escort this capital ship should the crisis escalate.

In the unlikely event of escalation of the crisis between Turkey and Russia the cruiser Mosvka is alone and very vulnerable to the most potent Turkish weapon to be used: submarines.

According to the website of Turkish General Staff two submarines are conducting patrols in Eastern Mediterranean. TCG Dolunay is in the region since 11th November 2015 and TCG Burakreis since 7th November 2015.

Both sides have many warships in the Eastern Mediterranean in close vicinity and the tensions are high at the moment. But never the less I think any military escalation is very unlikely as this could potentially led to a large confrontation and in such event Turkey may evoke its right to close the Turkish Straits according to the article 20 of Montreux Convention.

Article 20. In time of war, Turkey being belligerent, the provisions of Articles 10 to 18 shall not be applicable; the passage of warships shall be left entirely to the discretion of the Turkish Government.

The Montreux Convention dictates a 8 day notification period for the Black Sea Powers. This means if any Black Sea nation wants to move their ships through Turkish Straits, they have to notify Turkey 8 days prior this crossing. Therefore if Russian Navy has decided on 24th November  after the shooting down of Su-24M, to send more warships to Syria, 2nd December 2015 is the earliest day these ships can pass through Turkish Straits.

Russia must have an unlimited access to Turkish Straits. The so called Syrian Express deployments of Russian Ropucha and Alligator class landing ships and auxiliaries are vitally important to keep Russian troops inside Syria supplied. If Russia cannot send its ships through Turkish Straits for any reason, the Russian soldiers deployed in Syria may find themselves in a very similar position of General Paulus’ Army. This is an important reason, why the Russian counter aggression to the shooting of its plane is (and will remain) asymmetrical. This is why Russians are trying to hurt Turkey with diplomatic and economical responses rather than military actions.

The Cargo On Alexandr Tkachenko

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The cargo on Alexandr Tkachenko seen from port side. Photo: Alper Böler. Used with permission.

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The cargo on Alexandr Tkachenko seen from port side. Photo: Alper Böler. Used with permission.

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The cargo on Alexandr Tkachenko seen from port side. Photo: Alper Böler. Used with permission.

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The cargo on Alexandr Tkachenko seen from port side. Photo: Alper Böler. Used with permission.

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The cargo on Alexandr Tkachenko seen from port side. Photo: Alper Böler. Used with permission.

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The cargo on Alexandr Tkachenko seen from starboard side. Photos: Yörük Işık. Used with permission.

The Russian flagged RORO ship Alexandr Tkachenko, is one of the civilian ship that is used by Russian military to supply the operations in Syria. She made her latest southbound passage through Istanbul Strait on 31 October 2015.

Her latest cargo has at least 20 ISO containers of which 3 are 40 feet and the rest are 20 feet. 4 trucks and 10 trailers are also visible on the deck.

Another Southbound Passage Of Nikolay Filchenkov

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The cargo on deck of Nikolay Filchenkov. Photo: Alper Böler. Used with permission.

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The cargo on deck of Nikolay Filchenkov. Photo: Alper Böler. Used with permission.

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The cargo on deck of Nikolay Filchenkov. Photo: Alper Böler. Used with permission.

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Nikolay Filchenkov made her second southbound passage in 20 days. Photo: Yörük Işık. Used with permission.

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Nikolay Filchenkov making her southbound passage. Note that she is heavier at aft. Photo: Yörük Işık. Used with permission.

On 10 September 2015 the Russian Alligator class large landing ship Nikolay Filchenkov made another south bound passage through Turkish Straits. This is her second passage to the Mediterranean in 20 days. This was a faster turn around than usual.

Like her last passage she had cargo on her deck again. Apart from one 6 meter green shipping container and one small utility boat all cargo on deck was hidden under camouflage nets. It is difficult to guess the hidden cargo on deck but it does not look like a land vehicle (to me at least).

Between 20 August 2015 and 10 September 2015, 4 Ropucha class large landing ships and 1 Alligator class landing ship made their south bound passages through Turkish Straits in addition to The Nikolay Filchenkov’s two passages.

The Cargo On Russian Landing Ship Saratov

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Alligator class landing ship Saratov passing through Istanbul, escorted by Turkish Coast Guard. Photo: Alper Böler. Used with permission.

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A composite image of the cargo on board of Saratov. Photos: Alper Böler. Used with permission.

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A starboard view of Saratov. Photo: Zeynep Bozkurt. Used with permission.

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The cargo on the starboard side. Photo: Zeynep Bozkurt. Used with permission.

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Another view of the cargo on board of Saratov. Photo: Yörük Işık. Used with permission.

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Note the crates under the life rafts. Photo: Yörük Işık. Used with permission.

The Russian presence in Syria is growing so is the frequency of Russian warships carrying equipment and supplies to the region has increased too.

On 7 September 2015, the Alligator class landing ship Saratov sister of Nikolay Filchenkov made her southbound passage to the Mediterranean.

Like the much discussed passage of Nikolay Filchenkov, the deck of Saratov was loaded with equipment. Since vehicles were under camouflage nets, it is not easy to tell what the ship was exactly carrying. But the profile of the cargo on her bow resembles very much KamAZ-4350 trucks. There are at least 2 on the starboard side and one at the port side.

The remaining vehicles seem to have a lower profile than the trucks. Some of the have two “horns” like the air intakes you can see on BTR-82A armored personal carriers. Thus I believe that Saratov was carrying at least 5 APC’s of this type yesterday.

Since I am not an expert on army vehicles any additions, updates or corrections are welcomed.

Foreign Warship On Bosphorus 2015 (Part 40)

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Alligator class landing ship Saratov made a southbound passage through Istanbul with concealed cargo on her deck. Photo: Alper Böler. Used with permission.

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The training ship of the Baltic Fleet 210 Smoly left the Black Sea region on 4 September 2015.

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Ropucha class Korolev making her south bound passage. Note the cargo on her forecastle between the gun and the rocket launcher. This is highly unorthodox.

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Ropucha class Novocharkassk making her southbound passage through Istanbul. She does not have any cargo on her deck.

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Ropucha class Korolev seen from the other side during her passage Photo: Yörük Işık. Used with permission.

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Novocharkassk seen from the other side during her passage Photo: Kerim Bozkurt. Used with permission.

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The detail of the cargo on deck Korolev. Photo: Kerim Bozkurt. Used with permission.

With the increased Russian presence on the ground in Syria the frequency of Russian warships carrying equipment and supplies to the region has increased too.

We have witnesses southbound passages of 3 Russian landing ships: one Alligator and two Ropucha during the last week. The training ship Smoly also left the Black Sea region and headed back to the Baltic.

Date Number Name Direction Nationality
7.9.2015 150 Saratov Southbound Russia
4.9.2015 210 Smolny Southbound Russia
3.9.2015 130 Korolev Southbound Russia
3.9.2015 142 Novocharkassk Southbound Russia
31.8.2015 152 Nikolay Filchenkov Northbound Russia
30.8.2015 SB-921 Paradox Southbound Russia
30.8.2015 616 Samum Northbound Russia
30.8.2015 Shaktar Northbound Russia
28.8.2015 Epron Southbound Russia
28.8.2015 75 USS Donald Cook Northbound USA
26.8.2015 151 Azov Southbound Russia
26.8.2015 158 Tsezar Kunikov Southbound Russia
25.8.2015 210 Smolny Northbound Russia
20.8.2015 152 Nikolay Filchenkov Southbound Russia
19.8.2015 SB-921 Paradox Northbound Russia
19.8.2015 832 R-32 Northbound Russia
19.8.2015 617 Mirazh Northbound Russia
19.8.2015 158 Tsezar Kunikov Northbound Russia
19.8.2015 151 Azov Northbound Russia
17.8.2015 121 Moskva Northbound Russia
16.8.2015 130 Korolev Southbound Russia
16.8.2015 142 Novocharkassk Southbound Russia
8.8.2015 151 Azov Southbound Russia
8.8.2015 158 Tsezar Kunikov Southbound Russia
7.8.2015 130 Korolev Northbound Russia
7.8.2015 152 Nikolay Filchenkov Northbound Russia
2.8.2015 Liman Southbound Russia
31.7.2015 158 Tsezar Kunikov Northbound Russia
30.7.2015 L-177 HS Rodos Northbound Greece
29.7.2015 130 Korolev Southbound Russia
29.7.2015 RB-365 RB-365 Northbound Russia
25.7.2015 P-68 HS Daniolos Southbound Greece
24.7.2015 F-334 NRP D. Francisco de Almeida Southbound Portugal
24.7.2015 F-803 HNLMS Tromp Southbound Netherlands
19.7.2015 PM-138 PM-138 Northbound Russia
17.7.2015 78 USS Porter Southbound USA
16.7.2015 P-68 HS Daniolos Northbound Greece
15.7.2015 152 Nikolay Filchenkov Northbound Russia
12.7.2015 P-268 HS Aittitos Southbound Greece
10.7.2015 130 Korolev Southbound Russia
7.7.2015 P-268 HS Aittitos Northbound Greece
5.7.2015 78 USS Porter Northbound USA
5.7.2015 A-759 Dupuy De Lôme Southbound France
4.7.2015 F-334 NRP D. Francisco de Almeida Northbound Portugal
4.7.2015 F-803 HNLMS Tromp Northbound Netherlands
3.7.2015 031 Alexander Otrakovski Northbound Russia
3.7.2015 130 Korolev Northbound Russia
2.7.2015 58 USS Laboon Southbound USA
1.7.2015 M-36 ESPS Tajo Northbound Spain
24.6.2015 158 Tsezar Kunikov Southbound Russia
24.6.2015 152 Nikolay Filchenkov Northbound Russia
22.6.2015  031 Alexander Otrakovski Southbound Russia
22.6.2015  130 Korolev Southbound Russia
21.6.2015 58 USS Laboon Northbound USA
21.6.2015 A-759 Dupuy De Lôme Northbound France
20.6.2015 Kildin Southbound Russia
18.6.2015 142 Novocharkassk Northbound Russia
18.6.2015 158 Tsezar Kunikov Northbound Russia
16.6.2015 152 Nikolay Filchenkov Southbound Russia
12.6.2015 Shaktar Southbound Russia
12.6.2015 031 Alexander Otrakovski Northbound Russia
7.6.2015 158 Tsezar Kunikov Southbound Russia
7.6.2015 142 Novocharkassk Southbound Russia
7.6.2015 130 Korolev Northbound Russia
3.6.2015 71 USS Ross Southbound USA
2.6.2015 121 Moskva Southbound Russia
2.6.2015 Ivan Bubnov Southbound Russia
1.6.2015 031 Alexander Otrakovski Southbound Russia
1.6.2015 110 Alexander Shabalin Southbound Russia
30.5.2015 151 Azov Northbound Russia
30.5.2015 141 Novocharkassk Northbound Russia
26.5.2015 152 Nikolay Filchenkov Southbound Russia
25.5.2015 801 Ladny Northbound Russia
24.5.2015 121 Moskva Northbound Russia
23.5.2015 71 USS Ross Northbound USA
23.5.2015 110 Alexander Shabalin Northbound Russia
23.5.2015 031 Alexander Otrakovski Northbound Russia
20.5.2015 151 Azov Southbound Russia
20.5.2015 142 Novocharkassk Southbound Russia
19.5.2015 808 Pytliviy Southbound Russia
15.5.2015 121 Moskva Southbound Russia
14.5.2015 547 Linyi Southbound China
14.5.2015 109 Weifang Southbound China
14.5.2015 616 Samum Southbound Russia
12.5.2015 151 Azov Northbound China
12.5.2015 142 Novocharkassk Northbound China
4.5.2015 547 Linyi Northbound China
4.5.2015 550 Weifang Northbound China
28.4.2015 031 Alexander Otrakovski Northbound Russia
28.4.2015 110 Alexander Shabalin Northbound Russia
17.4.2015 031 Alexander Otrakovski Southbound Russia
17.4.2015 110 Alexander Shabalin Southbound Russia
14.4.2015 109 USS Jason Dunham Southbound USA
8.4.2015 031 Alexander Otrakovski Northbound Russia
8.4.2015 142 Novocharkassk Northbound Russia
5.4.2015 MAI 1101 MAI 1101 Northbound Romania
3.4.2015 109 USS Jason Dunham Northbound USA
30.3.2015 F-710 FS La Fayette  Southbound French
29.3.2015 031 Alexander Otrakovski Southbound Russia
29.3.2015 142 Novocharkassk Southbound Russia
28.3.2015 MB-31 Southbound Russia
24.3.2015 F-710 FS La Fayette Northbound France
24.3.2015 152 Nikolay Filchenkov Southbound Russia
21.3.2015 A-1442 FGS Spessart Southbound Germany
21.3.2015 337 HMCS Fredericton Southbound Canada
21.3.2015 F-547 ITS Aliseo Southbound Italy
21.3.2015 69 USS Vicksburg Southbound USA
19.3.2015 110 Alexander Shabalin Northbound Russia
19.3.2015  142 Novocharkassk Northbound Russia
17.3.2015 151 Azov Southbound Russia
8.3.2015 110 Alexander Shabalin Southbound Russia
8.3.2015 142 Novocharkassk Southbound Russia
7.3.2015 031 Alexander Otrakovski Northbound Russia
7.3.2015 151 Azov Northbound Russia
4.3.2015 A-1442 FGS Spessart Northbound Germany
4.3.2015 337 HMCS Fredericton Northbound Canada
4.3.2015 F-547 ITS Aliseo Northbound Italy
3.3.2015 69 USS Vicksburg Northbound USA
25.2.2015 031 Alexander Otrakovski Southbound Russia
25.2.2015 151 Azov Southbound Russia
25.2.2015  142 Novocharkassk Northbound Russia
22.2.2015 67 USS Cole Southbound USA
21.2.2015  156 Yamal Northbound Russia
21.2.2015 110 Alexander Shabalin Northbound Russia
17.2.2015 031 Alexander Otrakovski Northbound Russia
17.2.2015 150 Saratov Northbound Russia
15.2.2015 142 Novocharkassk Southbound Russia
8.2.2015 67 USS Cole Northbound USA
7.2.2015 801 Ladny Southbound Russia
7.2.2015 156 Yamal Southbound Russia
7.2.2015 110 Alexander Shabalin Southbound Russia
5.2.2015 031 Alexander Otrakovski Southbound Russia
5.2.2015 150 Saratov Southbound Russia
21.1.2015  156 Yamal Northbound Russia
21.1.2015 110 Alexander Shabalin Northbound Russia
21.1.2015 PM-56 PM-56 Northbound Russia
19.1.2015 Shaktar Northbound Russia
19.1.2015 KIL-158 Northbound Russia
19.1.2015 150 Saratov Northbound Russia
17.1.2015 131 Moskva Northbound Russia
14.1.2015 75 USS Donald Cook Southbound USA
13.1.2015 031 Alexander Otrakovski Northbound Russia
11.1.2015 PM-138 PM-138 Southbound Russia
10.1.2015 156 Yamal Southbound Russia
10.1.2015 110 Alexander Shabalin Southbound Russia
5.1.2015 150 Saratov Southbound Russia
5.1.2015 KIL-158 Southbound Russia

I have archived the list of the Russian warship movements in 2013 and the list of foreign warship movements in 2014.

Russian Warship Korolev Passed Through Istanbul With Cargo On Her Deck

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Ropucha class large landing ship Korolev making her southbound passage through the Istanbul with extra cargo on her forecastle.

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The cargo on the forecastle of Korolev.

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The cargo on the forecastle from a slightly different angle.

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The cargo on Korolev from the opposite side of the Strait. Photo: Yörük Işık. Used with permission.

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The cargo on deck, seen from the other side of Bosphorus. Photo: Kerim Bozkurt. Used with permission.

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The cargo on Korolev from the opposite side of the Strait. Photo: Yörük Işık. Used with permission

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Ropucha class landing ship Novocharkassk passing through Istanbul. All her cargo is inside.

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The position of the cargo on the deck. The original drawing: Coollib.

 

On 3 September 2015 two Ropucha class large landing ship of Russian Navy made their southbound passage through Bosphorus.

Their passage would not be remarkable if one of the ships had cargo stored on her forecastle. The landing ship Korolev is assigned to the Baltic Fleet. But since July the ship is going back and forth between the Black Sea and Mediterranean.

The Ropucha class ships have a through tank deck which means a tank can roll on front the end of the ship and roll off at from the aft of the ship. Many Ropucha class warships passed through the Turkish Straits but their cargo was always inside the ship.

The cargo stored on the forecastle of Korolev was a first. The cargo was stored between the gun and the rocket launchers. It was covered by camouflage nets. The cargo seems to be large crates probably from wood and it does not appear to be a kind of vehicle like the trucks and the armored personal carriers on Nikolay Filchenkov. 

The destination of these ships are not declared but it is believed to be Syria. The Russian support to Syria has intensified since last and much discussed deployment of  Nikolay Filchenkov on 20 August 2015. Since that day, 4 Ropucha class landing ships have been dispatched to the region: Azov and Tsezar Kunikov on 26 August followed by Korolev and Novocharkassk on 3 September.

Foreign Warship On Bosphorus 2015 (Part 39)

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Samum returning home. Photo: Kerim Bozkurt. Used with permission.

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Samum during her passage through Istanbul. Photo: Yörük Işık. Used with permission.

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The tug Shakter making her north bound passage through Bosphorus. Photo: Yörük Işık. Used wtih permission.

On 30 August 2015 the tug Shaktar and the corvette Samum returned from their Mediterranean deployment while the Baltic Fleet tug SB-921 Paradox exited from the Black Sea. She towed the corvette R-32 to the Black Sea 11 days ago.

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USS Donald Cook passing through Istanbul. Photo: Yörük Işık. Used with permission.

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USS Donald Cook during her northbound passage. Photo: Kerim Bozkurt

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USS Donald Cook in Istanbul.

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USS Donald Cook in Istanbul.

On 28 August 2015, US Navy destroyer USS Donald Cook made her second Black Sea deployment this year. Her destination was Ukraine where she will take part in the Sea Breeze 2015 naval exercise.

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The possible destination of Epron is the Spanish enclave Ceuta, where the submarine Novorossiysk is

On the same day Prut class submarine salvage ship of the Black Sea Fleet, Epron passed through Bosphorus. She is going to the Mediterranean to meet and escort the submarine Novorossiysk.

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The bow view of Azov. Photo: Yörük Işık. Used with permission.

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Azov deploying to the Mediterranean. Photo: Yörük ışık. Used with permission.

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Tsezar Kunikov. Photo: Yörük Işık. Used with permission.

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On 26 August 2015 the Ropucha class landing ships Azov and Tsezar Kunikov made their southbound passage. As the design of the ships is not suitable to carry any cargo on deck, their cargo remained hidden inside.

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On 25 August 2015 the Baltic Fleet training ship 210 Smolny made her northbound passage through Turkish Straits with 300 trainees on board. Most of them were on deck when the ship passed through Istanbul.

Date Number Name Direction Nationality
30.8.2015 SB-921 Paradox Southbound Russia
30.8.2015 616 Samum Northbound Russia
30.8.2015 Shaktar Northbound Russia
28.8.2015 Epron Southbound Russia
28.8.2015 75 USS Donald Cook Northbound USA
26.8.2015 151 Azov Southbound Russia
26.8.2015 158 Tsezar Kunikov Southbound Russia
25.8.2015 210 Smolny Northbound Russia
20.8.2015 152 Nikolay Filchenkov Southbound Russia
19.8.2015 SB-921 Paradox Northbound Russia
19.8.2015 832 R-32 Northbound Russia
19.8.2015 617 Mirazh Northbound Russia
19.8.2015 158 Tsezar Kunikov Northbound Russia
19.8.2015 151 Azov Northbound Russia
17.8.2015 121 Moskva Northbound Russia
16.8.2015 130 Korolev Southbound Russia
16.8.2015 142 Novocharkassk Southbound Russia
8.8.2015 151 Azov Southbound Russia
8.8.2015 158 Tsezar Kunikov Southbound Russia
7.8.2015 130 Korolev Northbound Russia
7.8.2015 152 Nikolay Filchenkov Northbound Russia
2.8.2015 Liman Southbound Russia
31.7.2015 158 Tsezar Kunikov Northbound Russia
30.7.2015 L-177 HS Rodos Northbound Greece
29.7.2015 130 Korolev Southbound Russia
29.7.2015 RB-365 RB-365 Northbound Russia
25.7.2015 P-68 HS Daniolos Southbound Greece
24.7.2015 F-334 NRP D. Francisco de Almeida Southbound Portugal
24.7.2015 F-803 HNLMS Tromp Southbound Netherlands
19.7.2015 PM-138 PM-138 Northbound Russia
17.7.2015 78 USS Porter Southbound USA
16.7.2015 P-68 HS Daniolos Northbound Greece
15.7.2015 152 Nikolay Filchenkov Northbound Russia
12.7.2015 P-268 HS Aittitos Southbound Greece
10.7.2015 130 Korolev Southbound Russia
7.7.2015 P-268 HS Aittitos Northbound Greece
5.7.2015 78 USS Porter Northbound USA
5.7.2015 A-759 Dupuy De Lôme Southbound France
4.7.2015 F-334 NRP D. Francisco de Almeida Northbound Portugal
4.7.2015 F-803 HNLMS Tromp Northbound Netherlands
3.7.2015 031 Alexander Otrakovski Northbound Russia
3.7.2015 130 Korolev Northbound Russia
2.7.2015 58 USS Laboon Southbound USA
1.7.2015 M-36 ESPS Tajo Northbound Spain
24.6.2015 158 Tsezar Kunikov Southbound Russia
24.6.2015 152 Nikolay Filchenkov Northbound Russia
22.6.2015  031 Alexander Otrakovski Southbound Russia
22.6.2015  130 Korolev Southbound Russia
21.6.2015 58 USS Laboon Northbound USA
21.6.2015 A-759 Dupuy De Lôme Northbound France
20.6.2015 Kildin Southbound Russia
18.6.2015 142 Novocharkassk Northbound Russia
18.6.2015 158 Tsezar Kunikov Northbound Russia
16.6.2015 152 Nikolay Filchenkov Southbound Russia
12.6.2015 Shaktar Southbound Russia
12.6.2015 031 Alexander Otrakovski Northbound Russia
7.6.2015 158 Tsezar Kunikov Southbound Russia
7.6.2015 142 Novocharkassk Southbound Russia
7.6.2015 130 Korolev Northbound Russia
3.6.2015 71 USS Ross Southbound USA
2.6.2015 121 Moskva Southbound Russia
2.6.2015 Ivan Bubnov Southbound Russia
1.6.2015 031 Alexander Otrakovski Southbound Russia
1.6.2015 110 Alexander Shabalin Southbound Russia
30.5.2015 151 Azov Northbound Russia
30.5.2015 141 Novocharkassk Northbound Russia
26.5.2015 152 Nikolay Filchenkov Southbound Russia
25.5.2015 801 Ladny Northbound Russia
24.5.2015 121 Moskva Northbound Russia
23.5.2015 71 USS Ross Northbound USA
23.5.2015 110 Alexander Shabalin Northbound Russia
23.5.2015 031 Alexander Otrakovski Northbound Russia
20.5.2015 151 Azov Southbound Russia
20.5.2015 142 Novocharkassk Southbound Russia
19.5.2015 808 Pytliviy Southbound Russia
15.5.2015 121 Moskva Southbound Russia
14.5.2015 547 Linyi Southbound China
14.5.2015 109 Weifang Southbound China
14.5.2015 616 Samum Southbound Russia
12.5.2015 151 Azov Northbound China
12.5.2015 142 Novocharkassk Northbound China
4.5.2015 547 Linyi Northbound China
4.5.2015 550 Weifang Northbound China
28.4.2015 031 Alexander Otrakovski Northbound Russia
28.4.2015 110 Alexander Shabalin Northbound Russia
17.4.2015 031 Alexander Otrakovski Southbound Russia
17.4.2015 110 Alexander Shabalin Southbound Russia
14.4.2015 109 USS Jason Dunham Southbound USA
8.4.2015 031 Alexander Otrakovski Northbound Russia
8.4.2015 142 Novocharkassk Northbound Russia
5.4.2015 MAI 1101 MAI 1101 Northbound Romania
3.4.2015 109 USS Jason Dunham Northbound USA
30.3.2015 F-710 FS La Fayette  Southbound French
29.3.2015 031 Alexander Otrakovski Southbound Russia
29.3.2015 142 Novocharkassk Southbound Russia
28.3.2015 MB-31 Southbound Russia
24.3.2015 F-710 FS La Fayette Northbound France
24.3.2015 152 Nikolay Filchenkov Southbound Russia
21.3.2015 A-1442 FGS Spessart Southbound Germany
21.3.2015 337 HMCS Fredericton Southbound Canada
21.3.2015 F-547 ITS Aliseo Southbound Italy
21.3.2015 69 USS Vicksburg Southbound USA
19.3.2015 110 Alexander Shabalin Northbound Russia
19.3.2015  142 Novocharkassk Northbound Russia
17.3.2015 151 Azov Southbound Russia
8.3.2015 110 Alexander Shabalin Southbound Russia
8.3.2015 142 Novocharkassk Southbound Russia
7.3.2015 031 Alexander Otrakovski Northbound Russia
7.3.2015 151 Azov Northbound Russia
4.3.2015 A-1442 FGS Spessart Northbound Germany
4.3.2015 337 HMCS Fredericton Northbound Canada
4.3.2015 F-547 ITS Aliseo Northbound Italy
3.3.2015 69 USS Vicksburg Northbound USA
25.2.2015 031 Alexander Otrakovski Southbound Russia
25.2.2015 151 Azov Southbound Russia
25.2.2015  142 Novocharkassk Northbound Russia
22.2.2015 67 USS Cole Southbound USA
21.2.2015  156 Yamal Northbound Russia
21.2.2015 110 Alexander Shabalin Northbound Russia
17.2.2015 031 Alexander Otrakovski Northbound Russia
17.2.2015 150 Saratov Northbound Russia
15.2.2015 142 Novocharkassk Southbound Russia
8.2.2015 67 USS Cole Northbound USA
7.2.2015 801 Ladny Southbound Russia
7.2.2015 156 Yamal Southbound Russia
7.2.2015 110 Alexander Shabalin Southbound Russia
5.2.2015 031 Alexander Otrakovski Southbound Russia
5.2.2015 150 Saratov Southbound Russia
21.1.2015  156 Yamal Northbound Russia
21.1.2015 110 Alexander Shabalin Northbound Russia
21.1.2015 PM-56 PM-56 Northbound Russia
19.1.2015 Shaktar Northbound Russia
19.1.2015 KIL-158 Northbound Russia
19.1.2015 150 Saratov Northbound Russia
17.1.2015 131 Moskva Northbound Russia
14.1.2015 75 USS Donald Cook Southbound USA
13.1.2015 031 Alexander Otrakovski Northbound Russia
11.1.2015 PM-138 PM-138 Southbound Russia
10.1.2015 156 Yamal Southbound Russia
10.1.2015 110 Alexander Shabalin Southbound Russia
5.1.2015 150 Saratov Southbound Russia
5.1.2015 KIL-158 Southbound Russia

I have archived the list of the Russian warship movements in 2013 and the list of foreign warship movements in 2014.

Foreign Warship On Bosphorus 2015 (Part 38)

IMG_9738

Russian tug SB-921 Paradox making her northbound passage though Istanbul. Photo: Yörük Işık. Used with permission.

832

Russia’s gift to Egypt, the corvette R-32 being towed by the tug Paradox back to Russia.

KB-15-08-19-Gemi-0019

The Nanuchka class corvette Mizrah passing through Istanbul. She is returning from her Mediterranean deployment. Photo: Kerim Bozkurt. Used with permission.

KB-15-08-19-Gemi-0030

The Nanuchka class corvette Mizrah passing through Istanbul. She was escorted by Turkish Coast Guard craft TCSG-12 Photo: Kerim Bozkurt. Used with permission.

IMG_9557

The Nanuchka class corvette Mizrah passing through Istanbul. Photo: Yörük Işık. Used with permission.

158

Ropucha class large landing ship Tsezar Kunikov making her northbound passage through Istanbul.

151

Ropucha class large landing ship Azov making her northbound passage through Istanbul.

KB-15-08-17-Moskva-0014

The flagship of the Russian Black Sea fleet, Slava class cruiser Mosvka returning from her deployment in the Mediterranean. Photo: Kerim Bozkurt. Used with permission.

IMG_9194

Slava class cruiser Mosvka returning from her deployment in the Mediterranean. Photo: Yörük Işık. Used with permission.

This week we have witnessed the return of the Russian warships which took part in the joint Russian – Egyptian naval exercise.

First the flagship of the Russian Black Sea Fleet the Slava class cruiser Moskva returned from her 76 day deployment in the Mediterranean. Two day later the Nanuchka class corvette Mizrah passed through the Turkish Straits northbound.

These ships were followed by the tug Paradox towing the Tarantul class corvette R-32. The R-32 made headlines when Russia handed her over to the Egyptian Navy on 10 August 2015.

The ships of the Syrian Express deployment are also seen passing through Turkish Straits.

 

Date Number Name Direction Nationality
19.8.2015 SB-921 Paradox Northbound Russia
19.8.2015 832 R-32 Northbound Russia
19.8.2015 617 Mirazh Northbound Russia
19.8.2015 158 Tsezar Kunikov Northbound Russia
19.8.2015 151 Azov Northbound Russia
17.8.2015 121 Moskva Northbound Russia
16.8.2015 130 Korolev Southbound Russia
16.8.2015 142 Novocharkassk Southbound Russia
8.8.2015 151 Azov Southbound Russia
8.8.2015 158 Tsezar Kunikov Southbound Russia
7.8.2015 130 Korolev Northbound Russia
7.8.2015 152 Nikolay Filchenkov Northbound Russia
2.8.2015 Liman Southbound Russia
31.7.2015 158 Tsezar Kunikov Northbound Russia
30.7.2015 L-177 HS Rodos Northbound Greece
29.7.2015 130 Korolev Southbound Russia
29.7.2015 RB-365 RB-365 Northbound Russia
25.7.2015 P-68 HS Daniolos Southbound Greece
24.7.2015 F-334 NRP D. Francisco de Almeida Southbound Portugal
24.7.2015 F-803 HNLMS Tromp Southbound Netherlands
19.7.2015 PM-138 PM-138 Northbound Russia
17.7.2015 78 USS Porter Southbound USA
16.7.2015 P-68 HS Daniolos Northbound Greece
15.7.2015 152 Nikolay Filchenkov Northbound Russia
12.7.2015 P-268 HS Aittitos Southbound Greece
10.7.2015 130 Korolev Southbound Russia
7.7.2015 P-268 HS Aittitos Northbound Greece
5.7.2015 78 USS Porter Northbound USA
5.7.2015 A-759 Dupuy De Lôme Southbound France
4.7.2015 F-334 NRP D. Francisco de Almeida Northbound Portugal
4.7.2015 F-803 HNLMS Tromp Northbound Netherlands
3.7.2015 031 Alexander Otrakovski Northbound Russia
3.7.2015 130 Korolev Northbound Russia
2.7.2015 58 USS Laboon Southbound USA
1.7.2015 M-36 ESPS Tajo Northbound Spain
24.6.2015 158 Tsezar Kunikov Southbound Russia
24.6.2015 152 Nikolay Filchenkov Northbound Russia
22.6.2015  031 Alexander Otrakovski Southbound Russia
22.6.2015  130 Korolev Southbound Russia
21.6.2015 58 USS Laboon Northbound USA
21.6.2015 A-759 Dupuy De Lôme Northbound France
20.6.2015 Kildin Southbound Russia
18.6.2015 142 Novocharkassk Northbound Russia
18.6.2015 158 Tsezar Kunikov Northbound Russia
16.6.2015 152 Nikolay Filchenkov Southbound Russia
12.6.2015 Shaktar Southbound Russia
12.6.2015 031 Alexander Otrakovski Northbound Russia
7.6.2015 158 Tsezar Kunikov Southbound Russia
7.6.2015 142 Novocharkassk Southbound Russia
7.6.2015 130 Korolev Northbound Russia
3.6.2015 71 USS Ross Southbound USA
2.6.2015 121 Moskva Southbound Russia
2.6.2015 Ivan Bubnov Southbound Russia
1.6.2015 031 Alexander Otrakovski Southbound Russia
1.6.2015 110 Alexander Shabalin Southbound Russia
30.5.2015 151 Azov Northbound Russia
30.5.2015 141 Novocharkassk Northbound Russia
26.5.2015 152 Nikolay Filchenkov Southbound Russia
25.5.2015 801 Ladny Northbound Russia
24.5.2015 121 Moskva Northbound Russia
23.5.2015 71 USS Ross Northbound USA
23.5.2015 110 Alexander Shabalin Northbound Russia
23.5.2015 031 Alexander Otrakovski Northbound Russia
20.5.2015 151 Azov Southbound Russia
20.5.2015 142 Novocharkassk Southbound Russia
19.5.2015 808 Pytliviy Southbound Russia
15.5.2015 121 Moskva Southbound Russia
14.5.2015 547 Linyi Southbound China
14.5.2015 109 Weifang Southbound China
14.5.2015 616 Samum Southbound Russia
12.5.2015 151 Azov Northbound China
12.5.2015 142 Novocharkassk Northbound China
4.5.2015 547 Linyi Northbound China
4.5.2015 550 Weifang Northbound China
28.4.2015 031 Alexander Otrakovski Northbound Russia
28.4.2015 110 Alexander Shabalin Northbound Russia
17.4.2015 031 Alexander Otrakovski Southbound Russia
17.4.2015 110 Alexander Shabalin Southbound Russia
14.4.2015 109 USS Jason Dunham Southbound USA
8.4.2015 031 Alexander Otrakovski Northbound Russia
8.4.2015 142 Novocharkassk Northbound Russia
5.4.2015 MAI 1101 MAI 1101 Northbound Romania
3.4.2015 109 USS Jason Dunham Northbound USA
30.3.2015 F-710 FS La Fayette  Southbound French
29.3.2015 031 Alexander Otrakovski Southbound Russia
29.3.2015 142 Novocharkassk Southbound Russia
28.3.2015 MB-31 Southbound Russia
24.3.2015 F-710 FS La Fayette Northbound France
24.3.2015 152 Nikolay Filchenkov Southbound Russia
21.3.2015 A-1442 FGS Spessart Southbound Germany
21.3.2015 337 HMCS Fredericton Southbound Canada
21.3.2015 F-547 ITS Aliseo Southbound Italy
21.3.2015 69 USS Vicksburg Southbound USA
19.3.2015 110 Alexander Shabalin Northbound Russia
19.3.2015  142 Novocharkassk Northbound Russia
17.3.2015 151 Azov Southbound Russia
8.3.2015 110 Alexander Shabalin Southbound Russia
8.3.2015 142 Novocharkassk Southbound Russia
7.3.2015 031 Alexander Otrakovski Northbound Russia
7.3.2015 151 Azov Northbound Russia
4.3.2015 A-1442 FGS Spessart Northbound Germany
4.3.2015 337 HMCS Fredericton Northbound Canada
4.3.2015 F-547 ITS Aliseo Northbound Italy
3.3.2015 69 USS Vicksburg Northbound USA
25.2.2015 031 Alexander Otrakovski Southbound Russia
25.2.2015 151 Azov Southbound Russia
25.2.2015  142 Novocharkassk Northbound Russia
22.2.2015 67 USS Cole Southbound USA
21.2.2015  156 Yamal Northbound Russia
21.2.2015 110 Alexander Shabalin Northbound Russia
17.2.2015 031 Alexander Otrakovski Northbound Russia
17.2.2015 150 Saratov Northbound Russia
15.2.2015 142 Novocharkassk Southbound Russia
8.2.2015 67 USS Cole Northbound USA
7.2.2015 801 Ladny Southbound Russia
7.2.2015 156 Yamal Southbound Russia
7.2.2015 110 Alexander Shabalin Southbound Russia
5.2.2015 031 Alexander Otrakovski Southbound Russia
5.2.2015 150 Saratov Southbound Russia
21.1.2015  156 Yamal Northbound Russia
21.1.2015 110 Alexander Shabalin Northbound Russia
21.1.2015 PM-56 PM-56 Northbound Russia
19.1.2015 Shaktar Northbound Russia
19.1.2015 KIL-158 Northbound Russia
19.1.2015 150 Saratov Northbound Russia
17.1.2015 131 Moskva Northbound Russia
14.1.2015 75 USS Donald Cook Southbound USA
13.1.2015 031 Alexander Otrakovski Northbound Russia
11.1.2015 PM-138 PM-138 Southbound Russia
10.1.2015 156 Yamal Southbound Russia
10.1.2015 110 Alexander Shabalin Southbound Russia
5.1.2015 150 Saratov Southbound Russia
5.1.2015 KIL-158 Southbound Russia

I have archived the list of the Russian warship movements in 2013 and the list of foreign warship movements in 2014.

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