Turkish Navy Conducted An Exercise In The Black Sea

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Turkish fast attack craft TCG Atak (left) and TCG Tufan passing through Bosphorus in formation.

This week between 5th and 8th September 2016,  Turkish Navy conducted an unannounced exercise in the Black Sea.

During the week several Turkish warships of different types and some tugs towing practice targets were observed passing through Istanbul.

Interestingly there was no official statement from Turkish Naval Forces or from Turkish General Staff about the exercise. Since some of these passages were during the night, the exact number of the participating warships remains elusive.

Here is the list of the warships seen during the week:

Number Name Type
A-577 TCG Sokullu Mehmet Paşa Tender
A-579 TCG Cezayirli Gazi Hasanpaşa Tender
A-595 TCG Yarbay Kudret Güngör Tanker
F-241 TCG Turgutreis Frigate
F-243 TCG Yıldırım Frigate
F-244 TCG Barbaros Frigate
F-245 TCG Oruçreis Frigate
F-496 TCG Gökova Frigate
F-497 TCG Göksu Frigate
F-512 TCG Büyükada Corvette
P-333 TCG Tufan Fast attack craft
P-336 TCG Zıpkın Fast attack craft
P-337 TCG Atak Fast attack craft

TCG Gelibolu Meets Japanese Training Fleet

TCG Gelibolu, in formation with 151 JS Asagiri, 3518 JS Setoyuki and 3508 JS Kashima. Photo: Turkish Naval Forces.

Turkish Gabya class frigate TCG Gelibolu made a passing exercise in Eastern Mediterranean with the Japanese Training Fleet.

According to the official statement various maneuvers, training and drills were performed, personnel was exchanged between the ships. It is said the exercise has contributed to the development of interoperability and cooperation between Turkey and the Japanese Navy.

Turkish Navy Released A Video About Beyaz Fırtına Naval Exercise

Turkish Navy released a official video from the live firings conducted during the Beyaz Fırtına 2016 (White Storm) Naval Exercise.

I must admit that, I have found the scene showing, the torpedo leaving the submarine, very impressive.

Beyaz Fırtına Naval Exercise

Turkish Navy concluded Beyaz Fırtına (White Storm) 2016 naval exercise on 28 May 2016.

Interestingly members of media were not invited to watch the exercise. Thus all photos available are made by Turkish Naval Forces.

12 frigates, 7 corvettes, 13 fast attack craft, 7 submarines, 1 amphibious ship, 12 auxiliaries, 1 inteligence gathering ship and 2 mine  warfare ships plus 5 aircraft and 15 helicopters took part in the exercise. 6 guided missiles, one torpedo and more than 4000 rounds from different guns  were fired against a number of targets. The ex frigate TCG Zafer and the ex patrol boat TCG AB-24 were sunk. You can read the analysis of TCG Zafer’s sinking here. There are no photos from the sinking of TCG AB-24. Thus it is not possible to identify the type of the ammunition used against her.

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F-497 TCG Göksu fires a RIM-162 Evolved SeaSparrow Missile (ESSM)

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F-491 TCG Giresun fires a RIM-66 Standart Missile 1. (SM-1)

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A S-70B Seahawk helicopter fires an AGM-114K Hellfire II missile.

Below is the list some of the ships took part in the exercise:

Number Name Type
A-573 Binbaşı Saadettin Gürcan Tanker
A-580 Akar Tanker
F-243 Yıldırım Frigate
F-246 Salihreis Frigate
F-247 Kemalreis Frigate
F-491 Giresun Frigate
F-492 Göksu Frigate
F-500 Bozcada Corvette
F-511 Heybeliada Corvette
F-512 Büyükada Corvette
M-270 Akçay Mine hunter
P-330 Kılıç Fast attack craft
P-332 Mızrak Fast attack craft
P-340 Doğan Fast attack craft
P-344 Rüzgar Fast attack craft
P-345 Poyraz Fast attack craft
P-346 Gurbet Fast attack craft
P-347 Fırtına Fast attack craft
P-349 Karayel Fast attack craft
S-356 Anafartalar Submarine

The Sinking Of Ex TCG Zafer

Turkish Navy concluded Beyaz Fırtına (White Storm) 2016 Naval exercise on 28 May 2016. During this exercise the hull of the decommissioned Knox class frigate ex USS Thomas C. Hart and ex TCG Zafer was used as a target. The torpedo is believed to be DM2A4

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Ex TCG Zafer being towed in Çanakkale Strait on 30 April 2016. Photo: Murad Sezer. I thought that the she was being towed to the ship breakers in Aliağa. But her fate was different.

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These are official Turkish Navy photos taken from a helicopter during the sinking of ex- TCG Zafer. The shape of the hull is not much different compared to the photo taken in Çanakkale. This indicates that she was not hit by any other weapons or missiles. This photo shows the initial explosion of a torpedo warhead under the keel of the ship. The force of the explosion lifts the ship up.

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The shock wave of the detonation travels through the hull of the ship creating further damage. The ship is broken in two and is lost.

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The fracture line going from port to the starboard side of the ship can be seen just below the funnel.

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Water ingress through the fracture, separates the two halves and they begin to sink.

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It’s time to say goodby to a ship that faithfully served both U.S and Turkish Navies.

Efes 16 Military Exercise

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US Army troops disembark from a Turkish landing craft Ç-147. The soldiers on the left are from Saudi Arabia and the soldiers at the end of the bay are probably Polish.

Since 4th May, the Joint Combined Exercise Efes 16 is conducted in Turkey. The national exercise Efes, is being held as a multinational event for the first time this year, including about 7,000 service members from the U.S. Army and Navy, Azerbaijan, England, Germany, Pakistan, Poland, Qatar, and Saudi Arabia.

The purpose of the exercise is to improve joint and combined operations of the command, control and planning to include logistics and interoperability skills.

As the nations participate in joint training exercises, learn each other’s tactics, and strengthen their ability to operate together, the complexity of their operations increase. This week they set a milestone by participating in the first ever multinational Amphibious and Air Assault operations to combine all the participating nations during EFES.

“I hope they are learning as much as we are from them about how to communicate and maneuver in a diverse task organization with a dynamic mission set,” said U.S. Army Capt. Matthew Westcott, the Commander of A Company, 54th Engineer Battalion, 173rd Brigade Combat Team (Airborne).

During both the Amphibious and Air Assault operations, the engineers’ mission was to clear mine and wire obstacles for armor and dismounted infantry elements.

“These operations show the larger NATO force what U.S. engineering capabilities bring to the fight,” said Westcott.

During the amphibious operation the U.S. Soldiers have two elements. The first used bangalore explosives to clear wire obstacles on the beach for the second element that arrived on beach aboard Turkish Armored Personnel Carriers that were delivered ashore by Turkish Navy ships.

“We’re working with nations we have never worked with before, seeing new faces and how they operate,” said U.S. Army 1st Lt. Alex Cansler, a Platoon Leader with the engineer company.

For the Air Assault the engineers had a similar mission, but different ride to it.

They boarded Turkish Cougar helicopters along with their partners from the German and Polish infantry units. They dismounted the helicopters and breached obstacles for the German infantry to continue toward their objective. After both elements completed their breaching missions they fell back to their second task, fighting as infantrymen to help the battalion close with and destroy the enemy.

“Most the time you just breach the obstacle,” said Pfc. Tyler Adams, a combat engineer with the 54th, who participated rode on one of the Turkish Navy ships and armored personnel carrier during the Amphibious Assault. “Doing stuff like that makes it more fun. It makes other missions easier because you think, ‘If I did something that different then other new things will be easier,'” said Adams

On 30th and 31st of May will be the live firing phase of the exercise. This part is scheduled to be conducted in Doğanbey in İzmir.

Sea Lion 2016 Search And Rescue Exercise

SG701

Large OPV’s like SG-701 TCSG Güven here are vital for search and rescue missions in maritime domain.

Turkish Coast Guard will conduct Sea Lion-2016 Search and Rescue Exercise, between 3rd and 6th May 2016, in international waters of the Aegean Sea covered by Turkish Search and Rescue Area. Search and Rescue units from the Army, Navy, Air Force, Coast Guard and elements of Transportation, Maritime Affairs and Communications Ministry will participate in the exercise.

The aim of the exercise is to improve the co-ordination and collaboration between the military and civilian search and rescue units and co-ordination centers.

Deniz Yıldızı 2016 Naval Exercise Started In Black Sea

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TCG Tekirdağ

CDY_7576

TCG Karamürselbey

CDY_7501

TCG İmbat

The annual naval exercise Deniz Yıldızı (Sea Star) has started in Black Sea today. The exercise will end on 5th April 2016.

The scope of the exercise shows that Turkish Navy intends to show a strong presence in the Black Sea. According to Turkish Navy website There will be live firings against high-speed airborne and seaborne targets. For me the most noteworthy aspect of this exercise will be the simultaneous port visits of Turkish naval units in Varna, Constanta, Odessa and Batumi. 4 out of 5 Black Sea nations will be visited on the next week-end on 3rd and 4th April 2016 by various Turkish warships. This is an impressive way of showing the flag, an important message.

The following ships along with two submarines were observed making a northbound passage through Bosphorus in the last couple days:

Number Name Type
S-XXX TCG Submarine
S-XXX TCG Submarine
P-337 TCG İmbat
P-1207 TCG Tekirdağ
M-262 TCG Enez Mine hunter
M-267 TCG Ayvalık Mine hunter
M-268 TCG Akçakoca Mine hunter
L-401 TCG Ertuğrul Landing ship
NL-124 TCG Karamürselbey Landing ship

Turkish Navy Held Exercise For Aviation Units

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A S-70B Seahawk helicopter conducts vertical replenishment to a Ay class submarine. Photo: Turkish Navy

Turkish Navy conducted a small scale naval exercise between 15th and 19th February 2016. The Exercise “Şehit Rad.Asb.Kd.Çvş. Aydın CANBOLAT Tatcial Training” was named after the radar operator Petty Officer 2nd Class Aydın Canpolat who died when his Coast Guard AB-412 helicopter crashed to the sea in 2005.

As the name of the exercise suggests the aim of it was to train Turkish naval aviation units.  9 S-70B Seahawk ASW helicopters, 3 CN-235-100M ASW planes, 2 frigates, 2 fast attack craft and one submarine  took part in the training.

Landing and taking of from a frigate sized flight deck, vertical replenishment, search and rescue operations, anti submarine warfare, coordinated action with surface and submarine units, torpedo firings were some of the actions performed during the exercise.

Dynamic Manta 2016 Has Started

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Turkey is participating to the DYMA 2016 with one CN-235 ASW plane, the submarine TCG Dolunay and a

One of the largest anti submarine warfare exercises organised by NATO has started to-day off the coast of Sicily.Exercise Dynamic Manta 2016 will be held in Central Mediterranean where the ports and airbases on the island will host ships, submarines and air planes. The exercise will end of 4th March 2016.

Submarines from France, Greece, Italy, Spain, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and the United States, under the control of NATO Submarine Command (COMSUBNATO), will join 4 surface ships from France, Italy and Spain. Host nation Italy is providing support from the Augusta Naval Base, Catania Harbour and the Sigonella Air Base in Catania.

To support the simulated multi-threat environment, 9 Maritime Patrol Aircraft and Helicopters from France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Turkey, United Kingdom and the United States will operate from Sigonella Air Base under the control of personnel from NATO Maritime Air Command (COMMARAIRNATO).

The aim of this exercise is to provide all participants with complex and challenging warfare training to enhance their interoperability and proficiency in anti-submarine and anti-surface warfare skills, with due regard to safety.
NATO has not published a list of participants yet but I was able to find the names of the following units:

Number Name Type Country
D-642 FS Montcalm Frigate France
A-608 FS Var Tanker France
S-352 TCG Dolunay Submarine Turkey
S-121 HS Pipinos Submarine Greece
S-73 SPS Mistral Submarine Spain
F-81 SPS Santa Maria Frigate Spain

 

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