GABYA CLASS (O. H. Perry)

 

NUMBER NAME LAUNCHED COMMISSIONED
F-490 GAZİANTEP 16 February 1980
24 July 1998
F-491 GİRESUN 27 Marcy 1979
24 July 1998
F-492 GEMLİK 15 May 1980
24 July 1998
F-493 GELİBOLU 27 June 1981
22 July 1999
F-494 GÖKÇEADA 7 February 1981
27 September 1999
F-495 GEDİZ 20 October 1979
1 September 2000
F-496 GÖKOVA 4 December 1978
11 April 2002
F-497 GÖKSU 3 November 1979
4 April 2003

F492
F-493 TCG-Gelibolu
F494

F495

TCG Gediz with her original SPS-49(V)4 radar.

TCG Gediz with her new Smart Mk2 3D radar

TCG Gediz with her new SMART-S MK2 3D radar.

F496

TCG Gökova with her original SPS-49(V)4 radar.

F496

TCG Gökova with her new SMART-S MK2 3D radar.

F497

F497

TCG Göksu with her new SMART-S MK2 3D radar and MK-41 VLS

Characteristics:
Displacement: 4100 tons full load
Dimensions: 135.6 x 13.7 x 4.5; 7.5 (sonar) metres
Speed, Range: 30 knots, 4500 miles at 20 kts.
Crew: 222 (19 officers)

Weapons:
Guns: 1 x 76 mm/62; 1 x Mk 15 Phalanx; 4 x 12.7 mm MG
Missiles:
Mk 13 Mod 4 launcher, 4 x Harpoon SSM; 36 x Standart SM-1MR SAM;
Mk41 Mod 2 launcher,  32 Raytheon RIM-162 ESSM  (on TCG Giresun, TCG Göksu, TCG Gediz, TCG Gökova))
Torpedoes: 2 x 324 mm Mk 32 triple launcher for Mk 46 Mod 5; anti-submarine torpedoes.
Helicopters: 1 x S-70-B2 Seahawk or 1 x AB 212 ASW

Sensors:
Radars: SPS-49(V)4, air search; SMART-S MK2 3D (on TCG Giresun, TCG Göksu, TCG Gediz, TCG Gökova) ; SPS-55, surface search; STIR, fire control; Mk 92, fire control Furuno, navigation; URN 25, Tacan
Sonars: SQS-53B

Comments:

The first batch of three ships was handed over to the Turkish Navy on 12 January 1998. The first ship sailed to Turkey and arrived in March 1998. Since then these ships have received a number of major upgrades and changes.

  • First, these ships were the short hull version prior their transfer as they were operating SH-2 Seasprite helicopters in USN service. The flight decks were extended and ASIST Helicopter landing aid was integrated by Istanbul Naval Shipyard so that these ships can operate the  S-70-B2 Seahawk helicopters.
  • Second, with the implementation of GENESIS combat management system modernization program, these ships received a fully integrated weapons control capability featuring enhanced tracking capacity, automatic threat detection and improved tactical data links.

  • Last, four ships of this class F-491 TCG GiresunF495 TCG Gediz, F-496 TCG Gökova, F-497 TCG Göksu,  are going to receive 8 cell Mk41 vertical launcher system in addition the existing Mk13 launcher and a new Thales SMART-S Mk2 3D radar instead of the AN/SPS-49(V)4 radar. The Mk92 STIR Mod2 fire control system of these four ships will be upgraded to Mod12 level.

Since their commissioning in Turkish Navy the Gabya class frigates have become the workhorse of the force. All of them were send at least for one period to the  Gulf of Aden to combat piracy off the coast of Somalia.

Turkish Navy To Continue Anti-piracy Operations

On 25th January 2012, Turkish Parliament accepted a submitted motion to extend the presence of Turkish Navy in Gulf Of Aden for one year.

In 2009, Turkish Parliament gave the government the power to send units from Turkish Navy to Gulf Of Aden and adjacent waters, in order to participate the multinational efforts of anti-piracy.

The duration of this permission was extend twice, once in 2010 and once in 2011.

Turkish warship are  tasked with:

  • Performing reconnaissance and patrol duties,
  • Calling on ships suspected of piracy/ armed robbery, on the radio, boarding them if their flag country approves and interfering in accordance with the international law if the ship is not showing any flag,
  • Escorting and protecting merchant ships,
  • Helping merchant ships under attack of pirates/sea robbers,
  • Intervening, stopping, neutralizing, and confiscating any vessels used by pirates/sea robbers, and using appropriate force if necessary,
  • Arresting and detaining pirates/sea robbers and armed persons in these vessels,
  • Accepting the representatives of the countries that will prosecute pirates/ armed robbers on board, for the preparations of judicial proceedings, according to the UN resolution 1851.
  • Arresting and detaining, pirates/armed robbers on board until they are being handed over to the countries that will prosecute them,
  • Turning in, the suspects of pirates/sea robbers with the exception of the case that these are Turkish citizens, to the authorities the nation where the pirates/sea robbers will be prosecuted,
  • Executing all kinds of policing duties including interrogation, collecting evidence.

 

SNMG-2 Gets A New Flagship

F-245 TCG Oruçreis, in Istanbul, in June 2011.

Standing NATO Maritime Group 2 (SNMG2) gets a new flagship in December.

According to Turkish Navy, the current Flagship F-245 TCG Oruçreis will be relieved by the frigate F-491 TCG Giresun. Since June 2011 Turkish Navy is in command of SNMG-2 and MEKO 200 Track II class, TCG Oruçreis is the flagship.

The reason behind this change is the SNMG-2’s up comming Operation Ocean Shield rotation. NATO maintained one of its two Standing NATO Maritime Group in the Gulf Of Aden after the North Atlantic Council (NAC) approved the counter-piracy mission in 2009. Currently NATO’s other maritime group SNMG-1 is in the region. SNMG-2 will replace them for next 6 months.

Although Turkey operates 8 Perry (locally known as Gabya) and 8 MEKO 200 frigates, Turkish Navy always deploys a Perry class frigate for the anti piracy missions in the Gulf Of Aden. There has never been an official announcement why this particular type of frigate is favored by my educated guess is that the Gabya class frigates have a longer range and are more fuel efficient compared to the MEKO 200 class frigates.

This will be the second Somalia mission for TCG Giresun in 2011 and the third one overall. The frigate was off Somalia between 26 January and 15 June 2011.

%d bloggers like this: