Ivan Khurs Deployed to the Mediterranean

Yesterday, Ivan Khurs a Project 18280 class intelligence-gathering warship of Russian Black Sea Fleet transited through Istanbul.

This is the start of her first Mediterranean deployment. She was launched in 2017 and joined the Russian Black Sea Fleet in 2018. Her inaugural voyage to her base in Sevastopol was in December 2018. She has passed through Istanbul ob 27th December 2018 after sunset. So we are not able to see much of her.

Since her recent deployment happened in broad daylight we are able to observer Ivan Khurs.

Below are 3 photos of the various antennas onboard Ivan Khurs.

The Death Of MT Independenta

40 years ago on this day, in the very early hours, İstanbul was shaken by a large explosion.  A powerful shock wave that broke the windows of many houses, was followed by a big large bright fireball.

The Romanian tanker MT Independenta was waiting for the pilot at the southern entrance of Istanbul Strait when the Greek cargo ship MV Evriali collided with her. The Romanian tanker was carrying 93,800 tons of crude oil from Libya as cargo and 260 tons of heavy fuel. Only 3 of the 43 strong crew survived the accident. The burning hull grounded half a mile away from the Haydarpaşa port and few meters from the breakwater. The tanker burned for one month until all the oil was consumed by the infernal fire. Attempts to fight the fire were unsuccessful.

My grandfather was lucky, to go on board and take some interesting yet grotesque and grim photos.   Some of them are below, to testify the intensity of the heat and days of burning.

My captured picture

My captured picture

My captured picture

My captured picture

My captured picture

My captured picture

My captured picture

My captured picture

My captured picture

My captured picture

My captured picture

My captured picture

My captured picture

Turkish Naval Forces Day Commemorated With A Sail Parade

The 27th September, the anniversary of the Battle of Preveza, is celebrated as the Turkish Naval Forces Day.

On 27th September 1538, a naval battle for the supremacy in the Mediterranean was fought between the Ottoman Navy commandeered by Barbaros Hayrettin Pasa and the fleet of a Christian alliance assembled by Pope Paul III and commandeered by Andrea Doria. With the victory at Preveza and the subsequent victory in the Battle of Djerba in 1560, the Ottoman Empire successfully repulsed the efforts of Venice and Spain, the two principal Mediterranean powers, to stop the Turkish drive to control the Mediterranean.

To commemorate the day Turkish Naval Forces organized a sail parade through Istanbul. 8 warships and two special forces RHIB’s took part in the ceremony. All these ships minus TYCG Sancaktar are open for public on Friday afternoon and on Saturday in Istanbul. In all Turkey, 45 ships will be open for public to visit.

F-247 TCG Kemalreis the flagship of the Turkish Navy.

F-246 TCG Salihreis. She too has extra space and equipment to act as a flagship.

F-241 TCG Turgutreis. First-generation of MEKO 200 type frigates in service.

F-512 TCG Büyükada. The second Ada (Milgem) class corvette. She was launched 8 years ago on this day and commissioned 6 years ago again on this day.

F-511 TCG Heybeliada. The first indigenous warship constructed in Turkey. She was commissioned 8 years ago on this day.

L-403 TCG Sancaktar. The newest landing ship in inventory. She has extensive command and control facilities for land operations. 

P-335 TCG Atak. 

P-337 TCG İmbat. Both TCG Atak and TCG İmbat are the last generation of fast attack craft in the Turkish Naval Forces.

Russian Submarine Krasnodar Transited Southbound Trough Istanbul

Today improved Kilo class (Proj. 636.3) submarine of the Russian Black Sea Fleet, Krasnodar made an unexpected southbound passage through Bosphorus.

The submarine one of the six units built specially for the Black Sea Fleet has been deployed in the region since 7.8.2017. She has 6 533mm torpedo tubes and carries a combination of up to 18 torpedoes, SS-N-27 anti-ship, and Kalibr land attack missiles.

While a southbound passage of a Russian submarine is very rare, it is has happened before. Russian Kilo class (Proj. 877) submarine Alrosa suffered an engine fire in 2009 and had to go to the Baltic for extensive repairs. She did even take part in the NATO exercise Bold Monarch 2011. Yes, it was different times then.

The Montreux Convention regulates the passage of submarines. While the submarines of non-Black Sea nations are forbidden to pass through the Straits, the submarines of the Black Sea riparian States may pass under certain conditions

Article 12.

Black Sea Powers shall have the right to send through the Straits, for the purpose of rejoining their base, submarines constructed or purchased outside the Black Sea, provided that adequate notice of the laying down or purchase of such submarines shall have been given to Turkey. Submarines belonging to the said Powers shall also be entitled to pass through the Straits to be repaired in dockyards outside the Black Sea on condition that detailed information on the matter is given to Turkey. In either case, the said submarines must travel by day and on the surface and must pass through the Straits singly.

The provision in the convention is very clear. If Krasnodar exited the Black Sea for repairs then this passage does not break the rules of the convention. If the submarine, however, joins her 2 sisters all ready stationed in the Med since 2017 and conducts military operations, then this will be a clear breach of the Montreux Convention. We will know better in a few days.

Like A Lamb to The Slaughter

On 8th February 2018, three Turkish Navy tugs towed the hulk of an old tanker ex- TCG Bnb. Sadettin Gürcan to the Black Sea.

The tanker was named after the commander of the submarine TCG Atılay that sunk with all hands in 1942. She hit a mine while submerged and never resurfaced.

The tanker was laid down at Gölcük Naval Shipyard in 1968 and commissioned in 1970. She served till 2016.

As there are no shipbreakers in the Black Sea and the markings on the hull of ex- TCG Bnb. Sadettin Gürcan is consistent with a target, she will be used in a sinking exercise.

Foreign Warship On Bosphorus in 2018 (Part 2)

Here are photos of foreign warships, that have passed through Bosphorus, during last two weeks:

The Alligator class large landing ship Orsk finished her first Syrian Express deployment. Here she is passing northbound through Istanbul.

Russian salvage tug Professor Nikolay Muru making her southbound passage through Istanbul in the early evening. she was escorting the auxiliary merchant ship Kyzyl-60. Photo: Yusuf Genç

Russian auxiliary cargo ship Kyzyl-60 making her southbound passage through Istanbul well after dusk. Photo: Yörük Işık.

Echo class survey vessels, HMS Enterprise, the flagship of the NATO SNMCMG-2 task force passed northbound through Turkish Straits. This is the first Black Sea deployment of the task force in 2018.

The Rophucha class large landing ship Alexander Otrakovsky, too made her first southbound passage in 2018. Photo: Yörük Işık.

The Rophucha class large landing ship Azov made her first southbound passage in 2018. Photo: Yörük Işık.

The list of the foreign warships passed through Istanbul Strait is here.

Foreign Warship On Bosphorus in 2018 (Part 1)

Here are photos of foreign warships, that have passed through Bosphorus, during last two weeks:

Russian Ropucha class large landing ship Alexander Otrakovsky returned from her Syrian deployment just in time to bring the boys back for Christmas. Photo: Yörük Işık.

The Arleigh Burke-class destroyer of USN, USS Carney made her first northbound passage through Turkish Straits. Turkish patrol boat TCG Tuzla escorted her as the US Navy destroyer was passing through Istanbul. Photo: Serhat Güvenç

Russian buoy tender KIL-158 returned from her Syrian deployment. While she was transiting through Çanakkale Strait an ill sailor had to be evacuated. Photo: Yörük Işık.

Russian auxiliary cargo ship Kyzyl-60 made her northbound passage. Photo: Yörük Işık.

The Alligator class large landing ship Orsk made her first passage through Turkish Straits in a long time. In fact, this might be her first passage in 21. century.

USS Carney returned from her Black Sea deployment after 9 days. Photo: Yörük Işık

The list of the foreign warships passed through Istanbul Strait is here.

Foreign Warship On Bosphorus in 2017 (Part 27)

Here are photos of foreign warships, that have passed through Bosphorus, during last week:

One of the most prolific ships of the Syrian Express, Yamal from Russian Black Sea Fleet made her 10th southbound passage: Photo: Yörük Işık.

Romanian Improved Tetal class corvette Admiral Horia Macelariu made her southbound passage through Turkish Straits. Photo: @DerinKuvvet

Russian Navy tug Shaktar made her southbound transit through Turkish Straits in tandem with Ivan Golubets. This is her first deployment in 2017.

Russian Natya class minesweeper Ivan Golubets made her southbound passage through Turkish Straits.

Romanian frigate ROS Regele Ferdinand returned to the Black Sea after finishing her contribution to NATO Op Sea Guardian. She is now with the SNMCMG-2 in Batumi. Photo: Levent Çetin

Russian Northern Fleet Ropucha class landing ship Alexander Otrakovski returned from her first Syrian deployment in 2017. Photo @drsavasbicer

Bulgarian Border Police Patrol boat Obzor made her transit through Turkish Straits for her deployment in Frontex. Photo: Yörük Işık.

The list of the foreign warships passed through Istanbul Strait is here.

Foreign Warship On Bosphorus in 2017 (Part 26)

Here are photos of foreign warships, that have passed through Bosphorus, during last two weeks:

Yantar returned back to the Mediterranean after spending 8 days in the Black Sea.

Forțele Navale Române contribution to NATO operation Sea Guardian ROS Regele Ferdinand transited southbound through Istanbul.

After an absence for more than one year, Northern Fleet large landing hip Alexander Otrakovsky returned for Syrian Express duties. Photo: Yörük Işık.

The frigate Admiral Grigrovich made a short 8-day long deployment to the Mediterranean. Photo: Kerim Bozkurt.

Russian tanker Iman made a northbound transit through Istanbul. Photo: Serhat Güvenç.

Sorum class tug, Viktor Konetskiy left the Black Sea. She towed the special test vessel Viktor Cherokov to the north a fortnight ago.

Buoy tender Alexander Pushkin made her first northbound passage through Istanbuş in 2017. Photo: Yörük Işık.

Russian Yanter returned to the Black Sea after spending a long time following routes similar to the existing underwater data cables. Photo: Yörük Işık.

Russian Ropucha class landing ship Tsear Kunikov returned from her Syrian deployment.

Russian large landing ship Azov returned from her Syrian deployment. Photo: Yörük Işık.

Russian large landing ship Yamal too returned from her Syrian deployment. Photo: Yörük Işık.

The list of the foreign warships passed through Istanbul Strait is here.

Foreign Warship On Bosphorus in 2017 (Part 25)

Here are photos of foreign warships, that have passed through Bosphorus, during last two weeks:

Russian modified Sorum class tug Viktor Konetskiy passing northbound through Istanbul. She is pulling the armament carrier / special test vessel Viktor Cherokov.

Russian naval auxiliary Viktor Cherokov made her inaugural northbound passage through Istanbul. She was initially, laid as armament transporter but when entered into service she was modified as an underwater weapons test ship.

The newest warship of the Russian Black Sea fleet, Admiral Essen returned from her 75 days long deployment in the Mediterranean. Photo: Yörük Işık.

Russian Ropucha class large landing ship Tsezar Kunikov made her 7th southbound transitn through Istanbul in 2017. Photo: Yörük Işık.

Romanian tall ship Mircea, sister of German ship Gorch Fock finished her sit in with the German Navy as her sister being overhauled and returned home. Photo: Kerim Bozkurt.

Russian Ropucha class large landing ship Azov made her 3rd southbound passage through Turkish Straits in 2017. Photo: Serhat Güvenç

Russian Ropucha class large landing ship Yamal made her 8th southbound transitn through Istanbul in 2017. Photo: Yörük Işık.

Italian destroyer D-560 Luigi Durand de la Penne is one of the few warships still in active service that can fire more than two guns in a broadside. She has finished her training cruise and left the region. Photo: Yörük Işık.

Krivak class frigate Pytlivy made a southbound transit through Turkish Straits. She will join Russian Fleet in the Med. Photo: Kerim Bozkurt.

The list of the foreign warships passed through Istanbul Strait is here.

%d bloggers like this: