Turkey Exported GENESIS CMS To Pakistan

genesis11

The renowned Pakistani Naval expert and journalist Usman Ansari mentioned in his article in the May issue of the Warships International, about the Aman 2013 exercise, that Pakistani Navy has acquired the GENESIS combat management system for its Perry class frigate F-260 PNS Alamgir.

This is the first official acknowledgement that Turkey has sold the GENESIS CMS to Pakistani Navy, thought this has been rumored in Turkish for a couple of years. This is the first export success of the GENESIS CMS.

GENESIS was conceived by the Research, Project Development, Department of Turkish Navy. They built a prototype as a proof of concept and developed the system to the full extend.  After the system got enough maturity the GENESIS project was handed over to Turkish defence contractor Havelsan for further improvement, serial production and international marketing.

The GENESIS was created to update the old CIC of the Perry class frigates and replace all legacy consoles, displays with modern multifunction operator consoles. More importantly with the implementation of GENESIS all existing sensors and weapon systems of the Perry class frigates will be able to communicate with each other.  This system enhances the ships’ situation awareness and accelerates the defense capabilities, decreasing the detect-to-engage reaction time by more than half.

F-492 TCG Gemlik was the first ship to receive the GENESIS system.

As is GENESIS is marketable to almost all second-hand PERRY class frigate users. Thus Pakistani Navy becomes the first foreign user of the GENESIS CMS. Of course important questions like when the deal was signed what is the value of the contract what is the delivery time line are remain unanswered yet.

Advertisements

>Raytheon and HAVELSAN Partner for FFG 7 Fleet Modernization With GENESIS Program

>This is the first time that a one of the world wide leading defense company is adding a Turkish originated product to its product range.

GENESIS was conceived by the Research, Project Development, Department of Turkish Navy. They built a prototype as a proof of concept and developed the system. After the whole think got enough maturity the GENESIS was handed over to Havelsan for further improvement and for serial production.

The aim of this project is to update the CIC of these frigates, replace all legacy consoles and displays with modern multifunction operator consoles. More importantly with the implementation of GENESIS all existing sensors and weapon systems of these frigates will be able to communicate with each other. F-492 TCG Gemlik was the first ship to receive the GENESIS system. She was handed over to Turkish Navy in May 2007. Since then F-491 TCG Giresun and F-490 TCG Gaziantep also received the GENESIS suite.

The cooperation of HAVELSAN and Raytheon in the marketing and implementation of the GENESIS program targets the FFG 7 fleets around the world. The GENESIS system guarantees optimization and effectiveness in the naval combat management. The GENESIS system enhances the ships’ situational awareness and accelerates the defense capabilities, decreasing the detect-to-engage reaction time by more than half.

As is GENESIS is marketable to almost all second hand PERRY class frigate users.

To read the whole news click here.

Mid-Life Modernisation For Barbaros Class Frigates

TCG Oruçreis with her new Smart-S Mk2 radar and VLS for ESSM missiles. She will undergo a mid-life modernisation to bring her combat management systems up to the same level with her new sensors and weapons. Click here for a pre modernisation photo.

Turkish Navy signed a contract with Aselsan-Havelsan Joint Venture for mid-life upgrade on Barbaros class frigates.

The scope of the contract is to replace the legacy combat management system on board of the 4 MEKO 200 Track IIA/B class frigates, commissioned between 1997 and 2000 to Turkish Navy. These frigates have TACTICOS combat management system built by Dutch company Signaal. (Now Thales). The new Barbaros Combat Management System (BI-SYS), will be a derivate of the existing GENESIS CMS made locally and used on Ada (Milgem) class corvettes and Gabya (Perry) class frigates.

The joint venture is formed between the defence electronic company Aselsan and defense software company Havelsan The Joint Venture, will carry out development of all the hardware and software needed to integrate weapons and sensors on board with the BI-SYS. This phase will be followed by land and sea test before final integration on board of the ships.

Furthermore, a fire control system to control the Mk45 127mm gun will be manufactured with the knowledge gained from a similar FC system developed locally for the 76mm guns.

The delivery of the first ship is planned in November 2020.

Turkish Antiship Missile Makes Debut

The above image is to be believed a photo of Atmaca anti ship missile. The photo was taken by a test firing on a terrestrial range. Probably to test the flight characteristics and or the range.

The project must started at least 10 years ago. In his memorials Admiral Özden Örnek, Commander of Turkish Navy between 2003 and 2005, recalls that, he has been briefed by Roketsan that %85 of  the current anti-ship missile in inventory, could be made by indigenous components. He approves the proposal and gives the deadline as 2015.

There was very few publicly available information about the status of the project and the missile itself. Undersecreteriat For Defence industries (UDI) signed a contract for the R&D phase with Roketsan as main contractor, in 2009. The defense electronic company Aselsan is developing the RF seeker head and guidance section, Roketsan is responsible from the body and flight characteristics of the missile.

In 2016 a test firing on a terrestrial shooting range was conducted. The above photo, published from this test is the first ever photo of the Atmaca surface to surface anti-ship missile.

The photograph has strong barrel distortion as it was taken with a very wide-angle objective. The distortion makes it very difficult to judge the distances and the length of the objects correctly.

The launcher mount and the 4 canisters mounted on have very strong resemblance to an Mk-141 Harpoon missile launcher. I have put a standard Mk-141 launcher and the Atmaca launcher of the same photo and marked some features. The similarities are just too much, to be just a coincidence. Thus I believe that Atmaca was fired from a Mk-141 Harpoon canister. And for the rest of the text I will base my assumptions on this fact.

The longest version of surfaced launched Harpoon is Block 1D / RGM-84F. This missile is 5,23 or 5,28 meters long with the booster. It has a diameter of 0,343 meters and a wing span of 0,8 meters.

Since Atmaca was fired from a standard Harpoon canister it cannot be longer than RGM-84F. Thus the length of Atmaca missile with the booster is less than or equal to 5,23 meters.

The main wing of the Turkish missile is larger than its US counterpart. There are two hinges on the main wing of Atmaca compared to one on Harpoon wings. Therefore the wing span of Atmaca is greater than Harpoons. This change was obviously made to improve the flight performance of the missile. The control fins of the Turkish missile is considerably smaller than the US missile. The air intake of Atmaca is place between the wings and fins while the air intake of Harpoon is placed between the wings.

According to Savunma ve Havacılık magazine a further test firing from a naval unit may happen in 2017 and according to the results of the test a low rate initial production (LRIP) may start in 2018. The initial production is estimated to be between 64 and 100 units.

Atmaca missile is expected to be the main offensive weapon of the upcoming İstif class frigates. The ships with GENESIS combat management system are likely to be fitted with the new missile since the incorporation of the new hardware to existing the software will be less expensive and time consuming.

If Turkish Navy intents to exchange all the Harpoon missiles in its inventory on 1:1 basis with Atmaca missile the at least 350 missiles are needed.

TCG Bayraktar Is Getting Ready For The Service

cdy_5203

TCG Bayraktar on acceptance trials in Marmara Sea this weekend. Note her Phalanx CIWS have not been fitted yet.

The first ship of the new landing ship class, TCG Bayraktar is undergoing sea trials and acceptance tests.

The contract for the construction of a new LST’s was signed between Ministry of Defence and ADIK_Furtrans shipyard on 11 May 2011. The value of the contract is 370 million Euros. It took almost two years for the shipyard to find the 370 million Euro credit to cover the project as required by the contract. The first steel was cut on 14 May 2014 at ADİK Shipyard and was launched on 3rd October 2015. The shipyard has succeeded in keeping its contractual obligation and delivering the ship in 34 months.

The second ship TCG Sancaktar is still under construction.

The Bayraktar class ships have a crew of 129 and will carry 350 soldiers. The ships have a citadel to protect the crew from effects of nuclear, biological and chemical weapons.
The closed parking area is 1100 square meters and the open deck parking area is 690 square meters enough for about 20 main battle tanks and between 24 – 60 vehicles.

The armament consists of 2 single barreled 40mm Oto Melara guns, 2 Mk15 Phalanx CIWS, 2 machine guns on a stabilized remote-controlled chassis.

The ships have a Smart Mk2 3D air/surface search radar, which not common for an amphibious ship. Furthermore there are 2 AselFLIR 300D EO directors, torpedo counter measures systems, laser warning receiver and Link 16/22 system. All these sensors and weapons will be controlled by 5 consoles of GENESIS CMS.

 

TCG Sancaktar Launched

sancaktar1

TCG Sancaktar being launched. Photo: Denizhaber

Amid the turmoil created by the failed coup attempt, the second New Type LST, TCG Sancaktar was launched on 16th July 2016. I wish her calm seas and friendly winds.

The first ship of the new landing ship class TCG Bayraktar was launched on 3rd October 2015.

The contract for the construction of a new LST’s was signed between Ministry of Defence and ADIK-Furtrans shipyard on 11 May 2011. The value of the contract is 370 million Euros. It took almost two years for the shipyard to find the 370 million Euro credit to cover the project as required by the contract.

The new landing ships will have a crew of 129 and will carry 350 soldiers. The ships will have a citadel to protect the crew from effects of nuclear, biological and chemical weapons. The closed parking area is 1100 square meters and the open deck parking area is 690 square meters sufficient for approximately 20 main battle tanks and between 24 – 60 vehicles.

The armament consists of 2 single barreled 40mm Oto Melara guns, 2 Mk15 Phalanx CIWS, 2 machine guns on a stabilized remote-controlled chassis.

The ships will have a Smart Mk2 3D air/surface search radar (which not common for an amphibious ship) 2 AselFLIR 300D EO director, torpedo counter measures systems, laser warning receiver and Link 16/22 system. All these sensors and weapons will be controlled by a 5 consoles of GENESIS CMS.

Here is a video of the launching:

TCG Bayraktar To Be Lauched on 3rd October 2015

LST_NG_2 copy LST_NG copy

The first ship of the new landing ship class TCG Bayraktar will be launched by ADIK Shipyard on 3rd October 2015. Her construction started 17 months ago.

The contract for the construction of a new LST’s was signed between Ministry of Defence and ADIK_Furtrans shipyard on 11 May 2011. The value of the contract is 370 million Euros. It took almost two years for the shipyard to find the 370 million Euro credit to cover the project as required by the contract.

The first steel was cut on 14 May 2014 at ADİK Shipyard. The first ship is called as TCG Bayraktar replacing the old TCG Bayraktar, a LST-511 class landing ship which is out of commission.

The new landing ships will have a crew of 129 and will carry 350 soldiers. The ships will have a citadel to protect the crew from effects of nuclear, biological and chemical weapons.
The closed parking area is 1100 square meters and the open deck parking area is 690 square meters sufficient for approximately 20 main battle tanks and between 24 – 60 vehicles.

The armament consists of 2 single barreled 40mm Oto Melara guns, 2 Mk15 Phalanx CIWS, 2 machine guns on a stabilized remote-controlled chassis.
The ships will have a Smart Mk2 3D air/surface search radar (which not common for an amphibious ship) 2 AselFLIR 300D EO director, torpedo counter measures systems, laser warning receiver and Link 16/22 system. All these sensors and weapons will be controlled by a 5 consoles of GENESIS CMS.

BAYRAKTAR CLASS

NUMBER NAME LAUNCHED COMMISSIONED
L-402 BAYRAKTAR 3 September 2015  14 April 2017
L-403 SANCAKTAR  16 July 2016

TCG Bayraktar during factory acceptance tests in February 2017.

TCG Sancaktar during factory acceptance tests in August 2017.

Characteristics:
Displacement: 7254 tons full load
Dimensions: 138,7  x 19 x 3 meters
Speed, Range: 18 knots, 5000 miles at 15 knots
Crew: 129

Weapons:
Guns: 2 x 40mm; 2 x 20mm (twin) 2 x  Mk 15 Phalanx. 2-12.7 mm MG
Helicopters: Platform for one large

Sensors:
Radars: SMART-S MK2 3D, Navigation
Other: ASELFLIR 300D, ARES-2N ESM system

Comments:
The contract for the construction of a new LST’s was signed between Ministry of Defence and ADIK_Furtrans shipyard on 11 May 2011. The value of the contract 370 million Euros. The first ship will be delivered in February 2017.
The ships will carry 350 persons, 20 MBT and between 24 – 60 vehicles. The closed parking area is 1100 square meters and the open deck parking area is 690 square meters.
The armament consists of 2 single barreled 40mm Oto Melara guns, 2 Mk15 Phalanx CIWS, 2 machine guns on a stabilized remote-controlled chassis.
The ships will have a Smart Mk2 3D air/surface search radar (which not common for an amphibious ship) 2 AselFLIR 300D EO director, torpedo countermeasures systems, laser warning receiver and Link 16/22 system. All these sensors and weapons will be controlled by 5 consoles of GENESIS CMS.

Click for photos taken on board of TCG Bayraktar.

GABYA CLASS (O. H. Perry)

 

NUMBER NAME LAUNCHED COMMISSIONED
F-490 GAZİANTEP 16 February 1980
24 July 1998
F-491 GİRESUN 27 Marcy 1979
24 July 1998
F-492 GEMLİK 15 May 1980
24 July 1998
F-493 GELİBOLU 27 June 1981
22 July 1999
F-494 GÖKÇEADA 7 February 1981
27 September 1999
F-495 GEDİZ 20 October 1979
1 September 2000
F-496 GÖKOVA 4 December 1978
11 April 2002
F-497 GÖKSU 3 November 1979
4 April 2003

F492
F-493 TCG-Gelibolu
F494

F495

TCG Gediz with her original SPS-49(V)4 radar.

TCG Gediz with her new Smart Mk2 3D radar

TCG Gediz with her new SMART-S MK2 3D radar.

F496

TCG Gökova with her original SPS-49(V)4 radar.

F496

TCG Gökova with her new SMART-S MK2 3D radar.

F497

F497

TCG Göksu with her new SMART-S MK2 3D radar and MK-41 VLS

Characteristics:
Displacement: 4100 tons full load
Dimensions: 135.6 x 13.7 x 4.5; 7.5 (sonar) metres
Speed, Range: 30 knots, 4500 miles at 20 kts.
Crew: 222 (19 officers)

Weapons:
Guns: 1 x 76 mm/62; 1 x Mk 15 Phalanx; 4 x 12.7 mm MG
Missiles:
Mk 13 Mod 4 launcher, 4 x Harpoon SSM; 36 x Standart SM-1MR SAM;
Mk41 Mod 2 launcher,  32 Raytheon RIM-162 ESSM  (on TCG Giresun, TCG Göksu, TCG Gediz, TCG Gökova))
Torpedoes: 2 x 324 mm Mk 32 triple launcher for Mk 46 Mod 5; anti-submarine torpedoes.
Helicopters: 1 x S-70-B2 Seahawk or 1 x AB 212 ASW

Sensors:
Radars: SPS-49(V)4, air search; SMART-S MK2 3D (on TCG Giresun, TCG Göksu, TCG Gediz, TCG Gökova) ; SPS-55, surface search; STIR, fire control; Mk 92, fire control Furuno, navigation; URN 25, Tacan
Sonars: SQS-53B

Comments:

The first batch of three ships was handed over to the Turkish Navy on 12 January 1998. The first ship sailed to Turkey and arrived in March 1998. Since then these ships have received a number of major upgrades and changes.

  • First, these ships were the short hull version prior their transfer as they were operating SH-2 Seasprite helicopters in USN service. The flight decks were extended and ASIST Helicopter landing aid was integrated by Istanbul Naval Shipyard so that these ships can operate the  S-70-B2 Seahawk helicopters.
  • Second, with the implementation of GENESIS combat management system modernization program, these ships received a fully integrated weapons control capability featuring enhanced tracking capacity, automatic threat detection and improved tactical data links.

  • Last, four ships of this class F-491 TCG GiresunF495 TCG Gediz, F-496 TCG Gökova, F-497 TCG Göksu,  are going to receive 8 cell Mk41 vertical launcher system in addition the existing Mk13 launcher and a new Thales SMART-S Mk2 3D radar instead of the AN/SPS-49(V)4 radar. The Mk92 STIR Mod2 fire control system of these four ships will be upgraded to Mod12 level.

Since their commissioning in Turkish Navy the Gabya class frigates have become the workhorse of the force. All of them were send at least for one period to the  Gulf of Aden to combat piracy off the coast of Somalia.

Greek Diaspora In USA Wants To Block Transfer Of Warships To Turkey (Part II)

I would like to thank all of my reader who has taken the pains to show me that there are two different versions of the bill called “Naval Vessel Transfer Act of 2012”. This version is what you find when you search the Library of Congress. And this version is hat you find when you search the U.S. House of Representatives.

One of the version really mentions that two Perry class frigates may be granted to Turkey. Thus I was wrong to think that the “Naval Vessel Transfer Act of 2012” was not mentioning Turkey. But I still believe that the HALC’s reaction is an unfounded or mistaken impression.

First: The Naval Vessels Transfer Act of 2012 is still in a bill and must pass both the US House of Representatives and US Senate and signed by the President. This bill may not go that far and be killed or changed somewhere along the way. Thus the wording on the bill is not final yet.

Second: In previous “Naval Vessel Transfer Acts” of earlier years Turkey was granted one destroyer USS Cushing in 2005; one mine hunter USS Black Hawk in 2006 and 2007 and two frigates USS George Philip and USS Sides in 2007. And none of these grants were taken by Turkish Government. The fact that USA granting warships does not mean that Turkey actually needs them or mean that Turkey will take them. It only means that USA is granting them; nothing more nothing less.

Third and most important point is the Gabya (Perry) class frigates in Turkish Navy service are in a better shape than the Perry class frigates in US Navy service. All Gabya class ships in Turkey service have received and extensive combat management systems modernization (GENESIS) and four of them are receiving Mk41 VLS with ESSM missiles (a capability that USN Perry’s lack) and 3D radars. It would be a very expensive and very long modernization process to upgrade the two frigates to the level of other Gabya class ships, if  the bill should become and a law and should Turkey accept the grant. It would be very wise to spend the money in local production programs instead.

I can totally understand the reason for HALC’s reaction but I still find it very illusional.

 

%d bloggers like this: