Photos Of Russian Warship Bora


The Russian Dergach class corvette 615 RFS Bora in Bosphorus.

As reported earlier last week we had an unusual guest. The Russian Dergach class air cushion corvette 615 RFS Bora made her maiden foreign visit to Istanbul during the IDEF 2013 defense exhibition.
I don’t know if the ship has received any visitors, as she was docked almost 30 kilometers (18 miles) away from the exhibition center.

I was able to take the photos of RFS Bora on her very last moments in Istanbul, during her deployment back to Russia. The ship is heavily armed with 8 SS-N-22 Sunburn supersonic missiles, one 76mm gun, two 30mm close in weapon systems and SA-N-4 Gecko SAM missiles. I was not on board so I have no idea about the inside of the ship but judging the size and the armaments and sensors she is carrying I do not think that there is much space left for the crew to live.

With her foils inside the water she can make up to 56 knots. It is not  an easy feature to accelerate a 1000 ton warship to speeds as high as this.

The Russian Warship Bora Will Visit Istanbul In May

Bora Class Guided Missile Corvette Samum. Photo: Wikipedia

Bora Class Guided Missile Corvette Samum. Photo: Wikipedia

The Voice Of Russia reported today that a Russian warship will be visiting Istanbul between 7 and 10 May 2013.

The Bora class hoverborne guided missile corvette of the Russian Navy, RFS Bora will be in Istanbul during the IDEF’13, 11th International Defence Industry Fair.

The Bora class corvettes have a very unconventional structure where a large air cushion is placed between a catamaran hull.

This shape provides lift and high speed.

The ship is armed with Moskit anti-ship missiles and short range anti aircraft missiles.

The sensor suit and the armament of this class closely resembles another Russians corvette class Tarantul.

It is the largest military hovercraft unmatched anywhere in the world. With the displacement of 1000 tons, the craft has a cruising speed of 100 kilometers an hour. It is armed with 8 Mosquito missiles which can strike targets on the sea and on land. The hovercraft has 20 anti-aircraft missiles, an artillery complex, a machine-gun and an interference creating device. The hovercraft has an aluminium hull. Though it’s a light craft, its seaworthiness is very high. The hovercraft can be on an autonomous voyage for 10 days. One refueling is enough for 2,500 miles. The complement is 68 men.

I sincerely hope that I may be able to take photos of the strange and interesting vessel.

Modernization of Turkish Submarines

In a significant development for the Turkish Navy, the inventory of Preveze class submarines is undergoing a half-life modernization project.

The Preveze Class Submarine Half-Life Modernization Project, initiated by SSB in 2016 covers the submarines TCG Preveze, TCG Sakarya, TCG 18 Mart, and TCG Anafartalar was launched and formally approved in 2017. On 8 February 2019, the Turkish defense acquisition agency SSB awarded a contract to STM, Havelsan, Aselsan, and Asfat partnership.

The Turkish Naval Forces operate eight Type 209/1400 class submarines. The first batch of four submarines was commissioned between 1994 and 1998. These four submarines are also known as Preveze class and have differences in equipment configurations from the later four. The mid-life modernization program covers both replacements of the existing ISUS combat management system by the MÜREN-Preveze combat management system developed by TÜBİTAK BİLGEM and the replacement of the older sensors and hardware by contemporary ones made by local companies. Both projects are separately contracted.

The main components to be replaced, overhauled, or updated during the MLU are the inertial navigation system, salinity-depth-density measurement system, floating antenna, telescopic SATCOM antenna, attack and navigation periscope, emergency communications system, cold water system and static converter, and air filtration system.

In February 2022, STM successfully completed the sea acceptance trials of the inertial navigation, salinity-depth-density measurement, cold-water systems, and static inverters, of the Preveze class mid-life upgrade project. Furthermore, the acceptance activities for these systems were concluded on March 2, 2023.

As part of the Preveze MLU, a  second contract for the installation of the MÜREN-Preveze combat management system was signed between SSB and  TÜBİTAK BİLGEM in August 2017. The first submarine integrated with the MÜREN-Preveze CMS is the submarine TCG Preveze. According to TÜBİTAK BİLGEM, the CMS can integrate data from 20 different sensors and navigation systems and can manage sonar signal processing, target movement analysis, and ship navigation. Furthermore, the CMS will be able to launch and control modern heavy-class torpedoes including the first domestic heavy-class torpedo Akya, developed by Roketsan.

In 2020 a shore-based development laboratory for the MÜREN CMS was opened inside the Turkish Navy’s research and development facility ARMERKOM. In 2021 the CMS and its consoles were integrated onboard the Preveze. The harbor acceptance tests were completed in late 2021. The sea acceptance tests are continuing.

In another significant development, STM has been assigned the platform integration responsibility for the Advent-Müren Combat Management System on the Gür class submarines. Through a contract signed between TÜBİTAK Bilgem and STM, the project aims to enhance the combat capabilities of these submarines. The Gür class submarines will be equipped with the national torpedo firing capability, enhancing their role in the defense. The modernization of the combat management system with national capabilities highlights Turkey’s commitment to strengthening its maritime presence.

The ongoing modernization efforts for Turkish submarines demonstrate the nation’s commitment to advancing its defense industry and embracing national technological advancements. Turkish local companies like STM play a pivotal role in supplying critical systems and undertaking platform integration highlighting their expertise in submarine engineering. As Turkey strives to increase its naval deterrence and bolster its maritime strength, these projects will undoubtedly contribute to the country’s security and the capabilities of the Turkish Naval Forces Command.

New ESM Sensor For Burak Class Corvettes

The above photo, taken in March 2018 shows TCG Bartın with her original ESM sensor on top of her mast. The below photo, taken in January 2023, shows TCG Bartın with her new ESM sensor.

The above photo, taken in March 2018 shows TCG Bartın with her original ESM sensor on top of her mast. The below photo, taken in January 2023, shows TCG Bartın with her new ESM sensor.

TCG Bartın was spotted fitted with a new set of electronic support measures systems this week when this ship made a port visit in Istanbul.

This was the first time that the Burak, (ex-Aviso) class corvettes fitted with this new and unnamed system. These ships were procured from the French Navy in the early 2000s.

A close-up view of the new ESM system.

A close-up view of the new ESM system.

While there is no publicly available information regarding this new ESM system, it is safe to assume that it was a labor of a collaboration between the Turkish Naval Forces and Aselsan. This outside sensor does not look like the one installed on board Ada and Meko 200 T1 class warships. Thus it must be specially designed to fit on the mast of Burak class corvettes.

This is not the first time that Aselsan has replaced a legacy ESM system on board a Turkish warship. In 2017, Aselsan started to replace the Signaal Rapids/Ramses ESM suit with a locally made one. That system was made of a new ESM sensor, dedicated or shared multi-function operator consoles, and a decoy launching system.

The new system installed on board TCG Bartın, has a new ESM sensor, as it was recognizable from the outside. I believe there will be a new dedicated or shared multi-function operator console inside the combat management center to display the data received by the sensors. To shorten the reaction time the decoy launchers are probably connected to the new ESM suite.

Existing Aselsan ESM systems have the capability of detecting, intercepting, identifying, classifying, tracking,  direction finding, localizing, platform correlating, and recording electromagnetic emissions.

This new system will without a doubt increase the ship’s situational awareness and enable the crew to make more informed decisions.

Turkish Navy Has Started To Hunt Mines With Autonomous Unmanned Vehicles

Turkish Navy has entered the age of autonomous unmanned vehicles (AUV). This transition happened without much fanfare or publicity.

The above photo was published on Turkish General Staff website and shows the deck of the Aydın class minehunter TCG Anamur during the ITALIAN MINEX-18 held in Italy between 21 and 29 May.

The orange and yellow gadgets on the back of the deck are practice mines used during the exercise. The large yellow device partially visible on the left is a French-made PAP-104 underwater unmanned vehicle used for exploration, identification and sometimes for the destruction of mines. That system is remotely controlled and is not fully autonomous. This is the standard ROV of all Turkish minehunters.

The yellow torpedo-like object, in the middle, is of much interest. It is a Gavia autonomous underwater vehicle made by Teledyne Gavia.

According to the information provided by the company, GAVIA (AUV) is a self-contained, low logistics, modular survey platform capable of delivering high-quality data while operating from vessels of opportunity or from the shore.

The system is field proven for applications that include MCM, SAR, and ASW training. The field-changeable and easily transportable modules make it well suited for rapid response to emerging requirements.

At least two 1000m rated systems were delivered in 2016. One is named Uluç Bora and the other Barbaros Dora.

The most striking specialty of this UAV is its modularity. The vehicle can be configured even on the field by adding modules or taking them out according to the mission requirements. The length and the weight of the AUV’s vary according to the modules it has.

Though it is not confirmed I believe each Turkish GAVIA has in addition to the nose, battery and propulsion modules one DVL-aided INS module, one side scan/bathymetry sonar module, one multibeam profiling module.

Among other naval operators of GAVIA AUV are Poland and Russia.

Turkish Coast Guard Rescues 275 People, During Search And Rescue Exercise

Dost class OPV, TCSG Güven acted as the flagship for the Turkish Coast Guard units taking part in the exercise.

Turkish Coast Guard rescued 275 illegal immigrants from the sea on 6 different occasions during the Deniz Aslanı 2018 search and rescue exercise.

According to Turkish Coast Guard, on 14 May 2018 during the search and rescue exercise held in the Aegean Sea, in 6 different incidents total of 275 the illegal immigrants were rescued from hardly seaworthy rubber boats.

Deniz Aslanı is an annual exercise held, in international waters of the Aegean Sea covered by Turkish Search and Rescue Area. Search and Rescue units from the Army, Navy, Air Force, Coast Guard and elements of Transportation, Maritime Affairs, and Communications Ministry participated in the exercise.

The aim of the exercise is to improve the coordination and collaboration between the military and civilian search and rescue units and coordination centers.

Doğu Akdeniz 2017 Naval Exercise Started In Eastern Mediterranean

The Arleigh Burke-class guided-missile destroyer USS Donald Cook arrives in Aksaz, Turkey. Photo: U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 1st Class Theron J. Godbold

Doğu Akdeniz 2017 naval exercise kicked off yesterday at Turkish Naval Base in Aksaz, Marmaris

The biannual, invitation exercise will take in areas near Aksaz in the Eastern Mediterranean between 7 and 16 November 2017.

Turkey has invited the NATO Standing Maritime Task Force-2 (SNMG-2), the United States and Romanian Naval Forces. They will join the Naval Forces, Air Forces and Coast Guard elements from Turkey.

25 warships and submarines 27 helicopters and airplanes and 3500 personnel from 5 participating countries will take part in the exercise. The exercise is a multinational maritime exercise designed to improve combined combat capabilities, increase operational capacity and strengthen relationships among NATO allies.

This is the list of the participating ships and submarines as far as I could comply:

Number Name Type Nationality Fleet
F-245 TCG Oruçreis Frigate Turkey
F-24X TCG XXX Frigate Turkey
F-24X TCG XXX Frigate Turkey
F-24X TCG XXX Frigate Turkey
F-24X TCG XXX Frigate Turkey
F-511 TCG Heybeliada Corvette Turkey
P-344 TCG Rüzgar Fast attack craft Turkey
P-345 TCG Poyraz Fast attack craft Turkey
P-347 TCG Fırtına Fast attack craft Turkey
P-338 TCG Bora Fast attack craft Turkey
P-33X TCG XXX Fast attack craft Turkey
S-35X TCG XXX Submarine Turkey
S-35X TCG XXX Submarine Turkey
S-35X TCG XXX Submarine Turkey
A-580 TCG Akar Tanker Turkey
A-XXX TCG XXX Tanker Turkey
L-402 TCG Bayraktar LST Turkey
A-XXX TCG XXX Tug Turkey
SG-703 TCSG Yaşam OPV Turkey CG
L-12 HMS Ocean LSH UK SNMG-2
F-244 TCG Barbaros Frigate Turkey SNMG-2
41 BGS Drazki Frigate Bulgaria SNMG-2
265 ROS Admiral Horia Macelariu Corvette Romania
75 USS Donald Cook Destroyer USA

Furthermore following military and civilian search and rescue and emergency responce teams will tke part in the exercise:


  1. Turkish Land Forces Command Natural Disaster Relief teams and ambulance helicopters,
  2. Turkish Air Force Command, search and rescue helicopter and AKİP (Search and Rescue Specialist Staff) team,
  3. Ministry of Interior (Gendarmerie General Command), JAK (Gendarme Search and Rescue) teams,
  4. Transport, Maritime and Communications Ministry, Coastal Security General Directorate, Nene Hatun emergency response ship,
  5. Ministry of Health mobile hospital, command control instrument and UMKE (National Medical Rescue Team) teams,
  6. The Turkish Red Crescent

An important part of the exercise will be the attempts to provide coastal safety during disasters by means of disaster and emergency operations, search and rescue, humanitarian aid and air sanitary evacuation procedures.  The command, control and communications capabilities of the newest amphibious ship of Turkish Navy, TCG Bayraktar will be tested and evaluated in this scenario extensively.


Sea Lion 2016 Search And Rescue Exercise


Large OPV’s like SG-701 TCSG Güven here are vital for search and rescue missions in maritime domain.

Turkish Coast Guard will conduct Sea Lion-2016 Search and Rescue Exercise, between 3rd and 6th May 2016, in international waters of the Aegean Sea covered by Turkish Search and Rescue Area. Search and Rescue units from the Army, Navy, Air Force, Coast Guard and elements of Transportation, Maritime Affairs and Communications Ministry will participate in the exercise.

The aim of the exercise is to improve the co-ordination and collaboration between the military and civilian search and rescue units and co-ordination centers.

HMS Duncan Ended Her Black Sea Visit


HMS Duncan heads to the Mediterranean Sea. TCSG-312 passes by.

Royal Navy warship HMS Duncan made an official visit to Romania between 8 and 11 November 2015.

HMS Duncan entered the Black Sea on 7 November and exited on 15 November.

The visit of HMS Duncan to Constanta, Romania was not just a cordial visit. The Embassy of the United Kingdom and Great Britain and Northern Ireland in collaboration with the UK Trade and Investment Defence and Security Organization organized 9 November on Board of HMS Duncan an exhibition promoting British defence industry technologies.

During the event UK Ambassador Paul Brummell thanked the 13 UK companies participating the event and emphasised that UK companies can provide technology and products that may help Romania to fulfil its ambitious plan to modernise its navy.

Romanian Navy currently operates two Royal Navy Type 22 frigates ROS Regina Maria (ex London) and ROS Regele Ferdinand (ex Coventry). These ships were overhauled in UK before their delivery to Romania in 2003 -2004 period. But further upgrade is needed. Armed with only guns and torpedoes these ships lack long-range offensive weapons and adequate air defence systems.

TCG Büyükada In Pakistan


TCG Büyükada arriving in Karachi. Photo: Corporate Ambassador.


On Tuesday, 17 February 2015, F-512 TCG Büyükada arrived in Karachi, Pakistan. The ship is expected to leave the city today, according the to press release made by Turkish Navy.

The Pakistani newspaper Daily Times reported that Pakistan Navy and Turkish Navy will hold a bilateral naval exercise commencing on February 19 with an aim to enhance interoperability and operational understanding. Turkish Navy Ship TCG BUYUKADA arrived at Karachi to participate in the exercise, which included an elaborate harbour and sea phase, said a statement on Tuesday. Turkish Naval Attache in Pakistan and senior officials of Pakistan Navy received the ship. The exercise being first of the series is a landmark reflection of historic ties between the two navies. Pakistan Navy and Turkish Navy have been interacting since long in order to improve upon level of coordination, interoperability and training.

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