IDEF’11 Update Part 1: Ongoing Naval Projects

F-511 TCG Heybeliada

Today is the last day of IDEF’11, 10th International Defence Industry Fair. I was visiting the fair for the least two days. It was very tiring event. But there are very to share.

I visited the first IDEF twenty years ago. And I can tell you that there has been a considerable change in the industry. Twenty years ago all the international house hold names of defence industry would come and show their latest gadgets or products and we would marvel at them. Now they are still here but much more humble and sincere. Twenty years ago BAE Systems would show its Type 26 Global Combat Ship and would try to sell it as is. Now they are looking for cooperation and work share and they are ready to have Turkish Navy configure the this as it wishes. I was able to talk about Type 26 with BAE systems in detail. I will write about it later.

The last fair two years ago had a very distinctive naval flair. This year that was not there. Well the obvious reason for this is that the projects of then are swimming ships of today. F-511 TCG Heybeliada, the first ship of Milgem class, P-1200 TCG Tuzla the first ship of the New Type Patrol Boat class were available for external sighting. All these ships were on project phase during the last fair.

This fair’s main attractions were tanks, armoured fighting vehicles, UAV’s and helicopters. But never the less there were a lot of important developments regarding the ongoing naval projects.

Milgem: The first ship TCG Heybeliada will be commissioned in Turkish Navy in July. At the same day the second ship, F-512 TCG Büyükada will be launched.

The model of Moship

Moship/Ratship: The design phase for the submarine rescue ship Moship and two rescue and towing ships Ratship is continuing. I learned out to my surprise that Istanbul Shipyard, the builder was responsible for the whole ship inclusive the mission equipment. That means it is the shipyard will also provide the ROV, the McCann bells and other necessary equipment. It must be a steep learning curve for them. The contract for the production of these ships not signed yet. There was a speculation that it might be signed during the fair but this did not happened.

Model of LST

LST: The contract for the construction of a new LST’s was signed between Ministery of Defence and ADIK_Furtrans shipyard on 11 May 2011. The value of the contract was not disclosed but the ship will be delivered in 48 months. The ships will carry 525 persons, 17 MBT and between 24 – 60 vehicles.

The armament consists of 2 single barrelled 40mm Oto Melara guns, 2 Mk15 Phalanx CIWS, 2 machine guns on a stabilised remote controlled chassis.

The ships will have a Smart Mk2 3D air/surface search radar (which not common for an amphibious ship) 2 AselFLIR 300D EO director, torpedo counter measures systems, laser warning receiver and Link16/22 system. All these sensors and weapons will be controlled by a 5 consoles of GENESIS CMS.

New Type Patrol Boats: The first boat of this class P-1200 TCG Tuzla was launched in 2011 and was handed over to Turkish Navy in 4 January 2011. The second boat P-1201 TCG Karaburun was handed over to Turkish Navy on 19 April 2011 for temporary acceptance. The third and fourth boats, P-1202 TCG Köyceğiz and P-1203 TCG Kumkale are launched as early 2001 and they are currently under going sailing acceptance tests and harbour acceptance test respectively. The fifth boat P-1205 TCG Tarsus will be launched in this month.

In the mean time the construction of the two boats ordered by Turkmenistan in October 2010 is continuing. Dearsan shipyard has shipped the boats in kits, along with the equipment necessary for the construction. According to IDEF’11 Show Daily, the construction of two boats is about to be completed and the installation of the propulsion system will commence soon. These have a very similar weapon and sensor configuration to Turkish boats. The main difference is the Turkmenistan boats will have a Thales Variant 2D air/surface search radar and a pair of 25mm Aselsan STOP systems.

Type 214 Submarines: Interestingly there was very little information available about the current status of this programme. But credit contract for this programme was signed at the end of 2010 thus I assume everything is going as scheduled. Currently STM the main subcontractor of this project is sourcing 18000 components and materials to be used. This is a time consuming process. I do not expect any important development in this project before summer.

TCG Giresun Saves M/V Full City (UPDATED)

 The Panama flagged and Chinese owned merchant ship M/V Full City was attacked by Somali pirates yesterday (05.05.2011) morning. She was 400 nautical miles off the coast of India.

The Turkish frigate F-491 TCG Giresun, the nearest coalition warship was ordered to proceed and help the attacked merchant ship.

During the deployment TCG Giresun contacted the Chinese naval units in the region and received the information that the crew of M/V Full City was able to hide themselves inside a citadel before being captured by the pirates. 

Upon arriving to M/V Full City, that was damaged by the rocket-propelled grenade and small arms fire of the pirates, communication with the crew of the ship was established.  Later the naval special forces teams of board of the Turkish frigate, fast-roped to the ship and secured her.

When the search revealed that there were no pirates on board, and all the crew was safe and sound M/V Full City continues her journey.

The deployment of TCG Giresun turned out to be a exciting one. This is the sixth occasion where the frigate had to intervene.

The damage of RPG fire is visible

TCG Giresun Frees Yemeni Dhow
TCG Giresun Helps M/V Hanjin Tianjin
TCG Giresun Finds 2 Pirate Skiffs And Arrests The Pirates
TCG Giresun Helps M/T Guanabara
TCG Giresun Foils A Pirate Attack To M/V Kıran Asya

All photos from Turkish General Staff webpage.

UPDATE: According to influential naval blog Information Dissemination, a ASW patrol plane of Indian Navy scared the pirates on board of M/V Full City away, before the arrival of TCG Giresun.

An Indian Navy TU-142 maritime reconnaissance aircraft made several low sorties over the MV Full City, 450 nautical miles (850 km) off Karwar in Karnataka, warning the pirates to immediately leave the vessel or face the wrath of Indian Navy and Coast Guard ships that were fast closing in.

The warnings worked and the pirates scampered into the skiff from which they had boarded the vessel and sailed toward a nearby mothership, which immediately set off toward Somalia at full speed, the official said, requesting anonymity due to service rules.

And as it seems, USN found the dhow used as mothership during the attack to M/V Full City and estroyed paraphernalia on the dhow, including weapons, excessive fuel and other equipment commonly used in the commission of acts of piracy. They also sank a small skiff towed by the dhow; these skiffs are often used for actual attacks and boardings by pirates.

Turkish naval special forces team with the Chinese crew

TCSG Dost Continues Her Sea Trials

SG-701 TCSG Dost leaving the dock for a sea trial.

The first ship of the new search and rescue ship class, SG-701 TCSG Dost continues her builder trials. She was launched in June 2010.

TCSG Dost is the first ship of a batch of 4 ships at RMK Marine Shipyard. The second ship SG-702 TCSG Güven was launched in December 2010.

With the commissioning of these ships Coast Guard will be able to perform its duties mainly search and rescue in sea state 5 and higher. These ships will be the first Turkish Coast Guard vessels can support helicopter operations.

Based on Italian Commandante-Siro class, the ships will have a displacement of 1,700 tons. Main features of the vessels: length 88.40 metres, breadth 12.20 metres, maximum speed 22 knots, range 3,000 nautical miles at a speed of 15 knots.

Navantia Is Sending Its Most Impressive Sales Rep To Turkey

SPS Juan Carlos 1 soon in Turkey. Photo: Pietje96 via Wikipedia

In 2006 , The Commander of  Turkish Naval Forces Admiral Yener Karahanoğlu, laid down the long terms amphibious ship acquisition goals for Turkish Navy:

• One LPD
• Two LST’s
• 8 fast LCT’s
• 27 AAV/AAAV’s

According to this road map in 2007,  Ministry of Defence’s Undersecretariat for Defence Industries (UDI), submitted a RfP for 8 LCT’s. From the four companies that bid, ADİK shipyard was chosen. On June 2009, a contract was signed between UDI and ADİK for the production of 8 ships. The exact value of the contract was not made public but it is estimated to be around 100 million EUR. The first ship Ç-151 was launched on 2 October 2010. Her sea trials are continuing. The second ship Ç-152was launched on March 2011.

First of the new LCT class: Ç-151 Photo: Turgay Köken

For the LST’s UDI submitted a RFP on May 2008. On 6 January 2010 again ADİK shipyard was declared as the winner of the bid. UDI is in contract negations with this company.The signing of the contact is expected in May during IDEF 11 defence fair.

For the biggest amphibious acquisition project, a Request For Information was submitted by UDI for the LPD in 2007.  The RFP was published in February 2010. The last day to submit the bids is 16 May 2011.

The Spanish shipbuilder Navantia has been interested in Turkish shipbuilding projects for a long time. This May the company is going to have a high visibility in Turkey. First there is the IDEF’11, 10th International Defence Industry Fair between 10 and 13 May. Then by 16th May the company is going to submit its bid for the ongoing LPD acquisition project.

Apparently the Spanish company wants to make a big impression on the Turkish Navy and UDI. Therefore the largest Spanish Naval ship built by Navantia the LHD, L-61 SPS Juan Carlos 1 will visit Turkey between 30 May and 3 June.

According to Spanish newspaper La Voz De Galicia:

Spanish shipyard is confident that the possibility offered to the Turkish Navy as well as government leaders to visit the boat and check their characteristics and performances is a distinct advantage over its competitors.

A LHD, of Juan Carlos 1‘s dimensions is not what Turkish Navy wants to have right now. Therefore I expect Navantia to submit a design, based on a modified Galicia class for the LPD bid. But Navantia is giving out an obvious signal that they are taking this project very serious. If Navantia wins the bid it would be the first Spanish warship bought by Turkish Navy since 1936.

Zeiss Periscopes For Turkish Submarines

On 31 March 2011, a contact about the modernization of Ay class (Type 209/1200) submarines was signed between STM and Undersecretariat for Defence Industries. The contract covers the youngest two boats,  S-51 TCG Doğanay and S-352 TCG Dolunay .

My previous information about the new Zeiss periscopes, that will replace the existing Kollmorgen periscopes was wrong. I  wrote that the new periscopes would be either SERO 400 or OMS 100.

Zeiss’ SERO 250-A attack and SERO 250-S search periscopes were selected for this project, according to

The attack periscope features an eyesafe laser rangefinder, an image intensifier and a TV camera for navigation and targeting. The search periscope is equipped with an IR camera for night sight capability, a TV camera and an ESM-EW/GPS antenna for observation and reconnaissance.

TCG Giresun Frees Yemeni Dhow

Confiscated Weapons. Official Turkish Navy Photo.

Turkish Navy reported that F-491 TCG Giresunfreed a Yemeni fishing boat from Somali pirates on 24 April 2011.

The suspicious looking fishing dhow was sighted 300 miles of the coast of Umman. and the nearest warship, TCG Giresun was ordered to intercept the boat and to inspect it.

When the dhow was in sight of the TCG Giresun the VBSS team consisting of naval special forces boarded the Yemeni vessel. The pirates surrendered with out a gun fight.  The confiscated weapons were dumped to the sea.

The dhow turned out to be a Yemeni vessel, captured by the Somali pirates on 11 April 2011 to be used as a mother ship. The seven Yemeni fishermen on board were freed by the Turkish sailors.

The number of the arrested pirates was not mentioned in the official statement. But if you look to the photo below and count the heads, there are at least 16 pirates ready to be taken to the frigate on the white small boat.

Captured Pirates. Official Turkish Navy Photo.

Click here for the official statement.

TCG Karaburun Entered Into Service

TCG Tuzla, the first ship of her class, sister of TCG Karaburun.

The second boat of the New Type Patrol Boat, P-1201 TCG Karaburun was handed over to Turkish Navy on 20 April, 2010 Wednesday 19 April 2011.

This is a temporary commissioning as the warranty period of the shipyard is still valid. The boat will be handed over to Turkish Navy permanently after the expiration of the warranty period.

These patrol boats will replace 16 old patrol boats Turkish Navy is currently using. These new boats  have a  40mm gun, 2 STAMP stabilized remote controlled machine gun platforms with one 12,7mm machine gun each and a ASW mortar as main weapons.

The main duty of these boats is to protect important harbors, perform coastal patrol and ASW missions.

In May 2007, Dearsan Shipyard was awarded with the 550 million USD contract by with SSM. The shipyard’s in-house naval design team developed the boats. This is the first ship building programme of this size, where warships for Turkisy Navy are being built in a private shipyard.

About 70 per cent of the programme is local content, including: Aselsan built stabilized remote controlled machine gun platforms, FLIR, anti-submarine rocket launcher, Roketsan built ASW rockets, Havelsan built navigation, communications, command-and-control and weapon systems and Yaltes built operator consoles and tactical bridge display units.

Turkmenistan is the first international customer for these boats. In February it was announced that two of these boats will be built in a shipyard on the Caspian Sea for Turkmenistan. The construction will be supported by Dearsan and material packages from Turkey.

I wish P-1201 TCG Karaburun, following seas and friendly winds.

PNS Alamgir In Turkey

Handover ceremony of PNS Alamgir. Official US Navy Photo.

Yesterday, Pakistan’s newest frigate F-230 PNS Alamgir arrived in Gölcük Naval Base for a 4 day visit.

PNS Alamgir is a Oliver Perry Hazard class frigate. She was decommissioned from USN. She was commissioned in Pakistani navy on 31 August 2010. She left USA on 10 February 2011 and since then she is on her maiden voyage to Pakistan. Pakistan is the ninth operator of Perry class ships.

According to Pakistani Embassy in Ankara the ship will stay till 24 April in Gölcük Naval Base, the main naval base of Turkish Navy. A number of port and sea trials will be conducted according to the embassy.

Turkish Navy operates 8 Perry class frigates since 1998 and has an extensive knowledge about the operation, maintenance about these ships. Furthermore Turkish Navy is upgrading its Perry class frigates with moderns combat management systems and vertical launchers.

Turkish Navy has a lot of know-how to share with the Pakistani Navy.

I am sure that the port visit of PNS Alamgir will be intensive and exhausting, but a pleasant visit.

TCG Giresun Helps Hanjin Tianjin

Turkey’s current contribution to NATO’s SNMG-2, F-491 TCG Giresun was the first ship to help the Korean merchantship Hanjin Tianjin, yesterday.
According to news reports, the Korean ship was apparently attacked by Somali pirates early Thursday. The crew of the merchant ship was able to hide inside the citadel before the pirates could take them as hostages.

TCG Giresun was,  just 80 miles away from the container ship at the time of the attack, first arrived at the scene to help South Korea’s rescue operation. TCG Giresun  provided necessary information to the Korean destroyer Choi Young  until the she arrived at the scene at 4:40 p.m.

Officials add that the international combined fleet’s Turkish warship that reached the Panama-registered freighter some three hours after the alarm went off, had already informed that there were no signs of the attackers.

Later when Korean naval commandos boarded Hanjin Tianjin they found the crew well inside the citadel. There was no sign of the pirates apart from a few rounds of ammunition and some foot prints.

TCG Giresun, comprehended two pirate skiffs at the beginning of this month and arrested the pirates.

Hat tip: Eaglespeak

Admiral Sir Mark Stanhope in Ankara

Adm Stanhope and Adm Yiğit. Official Turkish Navy Photo.

Admiral Sir Mark Stanhope, the First Sea Lord and Chief of the Naval Staff of the United Kingdom visited his counter part Admiral Yiğit Uğur and the Chief of Turkish General Staff General Işık Koşaner today.

Neither the Turkish Navy nor the Turkish General Staff released any public statements about the visits and topics discussed.

Besides the usual relations between the two countries the has been a marked discussions on naval cooperation.

UK – Turkey: Naval Industry Inward Mission (Part 1)

UK – Turkey: Naval Industry Inward Mission (Part 2)


Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 2,469 other followers

%d bloggers like this: