Turkish Naval Special Forces In Training Jump

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On 25 June I was at the northern entrance of the Bosphorus for a day trip. At first the sound of the aircraft engine did not grab my attention but the blooming parachutes did.

The plane is a CASA CN-235 cargo plane, very similar to the ASW planes of the Turkish Navy. But the lack of the MAD boom and the radar receivers on top clearly indicates that this plane is the cargo version. The place where the jumps were made is close to a training facility of Turkish Naval special forces. Thus I assume that it was them who jump out of the plane.

Turkish Navy Receives Upgraded Submarines

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This photo shows TCG Batıray in August 2014. She is a sister boat to TCG Dolunay and TCG Doğanay.

Last week Turkish project management company STM Mühendislik, announced that they have finished the modernization project of two Turkish Ay class submarines.

As reported in earlier in this blog, in March 2010 Defense Industry Executive Committee (SSIK) decided to upgrade two  Atılay class submarines and one year later the contract was signed with STM.

Atılay class is based on German  Type 209 design and they are the oldest submarines in Turkish silent service. The oldest one was commissioned 34 and the newest one 20 years ago. Last year S-348 TCG Saldıray was decommissioned.

The newest two boats, S-351 TCG Doğanay and S-352 TCG Dolunay received an extensive modernization. The old Kollmorgen periscopes were replaced with Zeiss periscopes either SERO 400 or OMS 100. Furthermore a new inertial navigation system from Raytheon and the ARES-2N ESM system from Aselsan have replaced the existing ones.

It was planned to modify four of the torpedo tubes so that they can use Mk48 ADCAP Mod6 AT heavy weight torpedoes. But the press release made from STM omits any mention about this. The modernization project led by the STM remains significant in a way that for the first time in the history of Turkey, a civilian company has been appointed as a main-contractor of a navy submarine project.

Multinational Maritime Security Center of Excellence Trains Ukrainian Sailors

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The group photo of the Ukrainian and Turkish participants on board of frigate Hetman Sahaidachny. Photo: Turkish Navy.

The mobile training team of the Multinational Maritime Security Center of Excellence (MARSEC COE) trained the vessel boarding and inspection team of Ukrainian frigate Hetman Sahaidachny.

The training was held between 15 and 18 June 2015, in Odessa Naval Base and on board of the frigate Hetman Sahaidachny.

The MARSEC COE is based in Aksaz Naval Base, in Marmaris Turkey, with the mission to support UN, NATO, partner countries and maritime security stakeholders by providing subject matter expertise on comprehensive approach with all levels and aspects of maritime security. Turkey provides 64 percent of the manning.

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TCG Gediz In Manila

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TCG Gediz, the first Turkish warship to dock in Manila. Photo: Philippines Navy

On 15 June 2015, F-495 TCG Gediz becomes the first Turkish warship to dock in Manila, Philippines.

This 4 day visit in Manila will foster the bilateral ties of the two nations.

The Turkish Navy ship was met by the BRP Silang Patrol Gunboat (PG14) near Corregidor and escorted it to the port area in Manila.

“A meeting procedure is a customary Navy event observed internationally where the host’s ship meets with the visiting ship and escorts it to their port of call,” said Navy public affairs office chief Commander Lued Lincuna.

A port briefing aboard the Turkish vessel on security, safety and health was given by Philippine Navy personnel after the ship’s arrival.

The commanders of the ship will meet senior officials of the Philippine Navy and other top level military officers. There will also be tours, goodwill games, receptions and other professional exchanges as part of the port visit.

TCG Gediz is on a 122-day deployment covering 18 ports in 14 countries. It began its deployment on April 1 as it commemorated the 125th anniversary of the sinking of the Frigate Ertugrul en route to Japan

TCG Enez In Italian Minex 2015

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Engin class mine hunter of Turkish Navy, TCG Enez during Italian Minex 2015. Photo: Italian Navy.

M-262 TCG Enez, Engin class mine hunter from Turkish Navy is taking part in Italian mine warfare exercise Italian Minex 2015 as part of NATO SNMCMG-2.

The training involves all the staff and facilities of the strength of mine countermeasures based in La Spezia and forces European and NATO mine countermeasures, including Spain, Germany, France, Greece, Slovenia, Turkey and the participation of observers from different Nations such as Algeria, Saudi Arabia, Brazil, Croatia, Egypt, Lebanon, Morocco, the United States, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates and Qatar.

The purpose of the exercise is to train the staff, employed on board and ashore, to plan and conduct effective remediation of the seabed by working in a scenario that plays, as realistically as possible, a situation of crisis in which the threat is not It is predictable. The task force will be able to make a complete mapping of the seabed are able to discover, locate and identify any object visually / threat present beneath the surface.

This is the list of the other participants as far as could find:

Number Name Type Nationality
M-645 FNS Orion Minehunter France
M-1063 FGS Bad Bevensen Minehunter Germany
M-63 HN Kallisto Minehunter Greece
5556 ITS Alghero Minehunter Italy
M-31 ESPS Seguna Minehunter Spain
M-32 ESPS Sella Minehunter Spain
M-262 TCG Enez Minehunter Turkey

Baltops 2015 Naval Components

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Monsieur Louis, Martin-Vézian from Contemporary Issues & Geography (CIGeography) prepared this wonderful picture where you can visualize easily all nations and all warships taking part in Baltops exercise.

According to media sources there are 49 warships taking part in Baltops 2015. The below list has 49 of them.

Number Name Type Nationality
FF-337 HMCS Frederiction Frigate Canada
A-559 HDMS Sleipner Tender Denmark
F-362 HDMS Peter Willemoes  Frigate Denmark
F-363 HDMS Niels Juel Frigate Denmark
L-16 HDMS Absalon Assault Ship Denmark
MSD-5 HDMS Hirsholm Mine hunter Denmark
MSF-1 HDMS MSF-1 Mine hunter Denmark
MV Blue Capella Tender Denmark
A-432 ENS Tasuja Tender Estonia
M-314 ENS Sakala Mine hunter Estonia
2 FNS Hämeenmaa Mine hunter Finland
A-631 FS Somme Tanker France
M-641 FS Eridan Mine hunter France
A-1458 FGS Fehmarn Tender Germany
A-516 FGS Donau Tanker Germany
F-214 FGS Lübeck Frigate Germany
F-260 FGS Braunschwieg Corvette Germany
M-1093 FGS Auerbach Mine hunter Germany
P-6123 FGS Hermelin Patrol boat Germany
P-6129 FGS Wiesel Patrol boat Germany
P-6130 FGS Hyane Patrol boat Germany
M-53 LNS Skalvis Mine hunter Latvia
M-54 LNS Kursis Mine hunter Latvia
P-11 LNS Zemaitis Patrol boat Latvia
A-53 LVNS Virsaitis Tender Litanua
A-803 HNLMS Luymens Tender Netherlands
M-857 HNLMS Makkum Mine hunter Netherlands
M-861 HNLMS Urk Mine hunter Netherlands
M-862 HNLMS Zierikzee Mine hunter Netherlands
M-864 HNLMS Willemstad Mine hunter Netherlands
M-351 HNOMS Otra Mine hunter Norway
M-352 HNoMS Rauma Mine hunter Norway
297 ORP Kondor Submarine Poland
623 ORP Meva Patrol boat Poland
632 ORP Bukowo Mine hunter Poland
637 ORP Resko Mine hunter Poland
641 ORP Druzno Mine hunter Poland
643 ORP Mamry Mine hunter Poland
644 ORP Wigry Mine hunter Poland
821 ORP Lublin Landing ship Poland
822 ORP Gniezno Landing ship Poland
K-12 HMS Malmö Corvette Sweden
F-497 TCG Göksu Frigate Turkey
F-234 HMS Iron Duke Frigate UK
L-12 HMS Ocean Assault Ship UK
M-41 HMS Quorn Mine hunter UK
LDP-17 USS San Antonio Assault Ship USA
CG-69 USS Vicksburg Cruiser USA
DDG-109 USS Jason Dunham Destroyer USA

 

Turkish And Chinese Naval Forces Are Doing Reciprocal Port Visits

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F-495 TCG Gediz arrives at naval port Qingdao, east China’s Shandong Province, for a 3-day visit. Photo: Xinhua/Li Qian

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The Chinese Jiangkai II (Type 054A) class frigate 550 Weifang in Istanbul.

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The Chinese Jiangkai II (Type 054A) class frigate 547 Linyi in Istanbul.

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The Fuchi class replenishment tanker Weishan Hu 887 in Istanbul.

 

I think we are witnessing a rare moment in naval diplomacy. Turkish and Chinese Naval Forces are conducting reciprocal port visits.

Turkish Gabya class frigate F-495 TCG Gediz arrived at a naval port in Qingdao, east China’s Shandong Province, on May 22, 2015 for a 3-day visit. As reported earlier she is on an a commemorative deployment to honor the sunken Ottoman sail frigate Ertuğrul in Japan. Therefore TCG Gediz is visiting the same ports Ertuğrul visited 125 years ago.

While TCG Gediz is in China, 3 PLAN warships, 550 Weifang, 547 Linyi and 887 Weishan Hu arrived today in Istanbul for a port visit. The ships have passed through the Çanakkale Strait yesterday morning and arrived in Istanbul this morning. The duration of the port visit is 5 days.

The Chinese do not talk much about the visit of the Turkish warship. And while the Turkish ship will be open to public visits, the Chinese ships in Istanbul are not open to visit, thought the Chinese allowed visitors on board, while they were in Russia earlier this month.

This double standard makes me, a very sad man.

Second Generation Milgem Design Revealed

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A conceptual drawing of Milgem-G class. Original photo by Arda Mevlütoğu. Enhancements by me.

 

During the IDEF 2015 12th International Defense Industry Fair, Turkish Navy shared the first conceptual drawing of the second generation of Milgem ships which are also called as Milgem-G

So, what do we see here?

Nothing unorthodox or groundbreaking or very experimental. From the outside the ship is an enlarged Milgem. The inside changes can only be speculated at this moment.

The hull is basically the same as the existing Milgem class ships. It is longer and heavier due to the increased weapon load and other design changes, but there appears no important changes either on the hull or on the superstructure.

The main gun is a 76mm with a stealth cupola. There is 16 canister VLS just behind the gun. As Turkish Navy uses Mk41 VLS system it is safe to say that the same system will be used in Milgem-G class. These canister will be loaded with ESSM missiles.

The forms of the bridge and the main mast is almost identical to the existing Milgem class only slightly enlarge. There will be a Smart-S Mk2 radar and ARES-2 ESM suit on the mast.

There are 16 anti ship missiles in the area between the main mast and the funnel. This is the twice the usual load of the existing anti ship missiles normally carried on Turkish warships. So not all the missiles will be Harpoon otherwise will be too expensive to procure and maintain 16 anti ship missiles.

The design of Milgem-G from the funnel till the end of the ship is identical to the Milgem. The only major difference is the close in weapon system. While the Milgem has the RAM anti-air missiles the Milgem-G has a Phalanx gun. The reason for this change might be the high cost of the RAM missile system compared to MK-15 Phalanx.

There are two remotely controlled guns on the both sides of the funnel. The details are sketchy but I expect the chaff, flare launchers and torpedo counter measure launchers to be on their existent places. There is no need to change their places.

The above mentioned are the external differences between the two generation of Milgem ships. The internal changes are very hard to tell at this time. But nevertheless I think one might safely say that the combat management system of the second generation will be an improved version of the first generation.

Once the design is completed and cast, the Under-secretariat for Defence Industries, will issue a request for information from Turkish shipyards. This will mark the start of the construction program of the second class of the Milgem ships.

TCG Gediz In Hong Kong

When PLAN ships were passing through the Turkish Straits, a Turkish frigate was visiting China to return the favor.

TCG Gediz arrived in Hong Kong on 15 May and will stay there till 18 May. The visit of a Turkish warship to a Chinese port is equally rare as Chinese warships passing through the Turkish Straits.

The Turkish navy is paying a rare visit to Hong Kong and mainland waters this week, in a four-day trip that analysts describe as a shrewd move by the European nation to show its traditional allegiance to the West, but also its desire to build ties in Asia, particularly with China.

Last night, Turkey’s top diplomat in Hong Kong, Haldun Tekneci, hosted a reception aboard the frigate TCG Gediz, which docked on Friday in the country’s first naval visit for four years.

“We are super happy and we are so proud to see this warship because it has travelled so far,” he said, adding that the visit was a sign of growing relations with China and the East Asia region.

There was also a meeting at the People’s Liberation Army’s Hong Kong garrison – a courtesy call, Tekneci said – before they head to Qingdao , Shandong , tomorrow.

The TCG Gediz is making Asia the focus of a 122-day tour that started on April 1, taking in 14 nations with 18 stops in the region.

The China stops come at a sensitive time as Turkey’s planned purchase of a long-range missile defence system is still in limbo. It angered fellow Nato members over a 2013 deal to buy from a Chinese firm and has since agreed to look at versions offered by other countries while putting the Chinese deal on hold.

Nevertheless, Ankara’s relations with Beijing have grown significantly in recent years. In 2012, then vice-president Xi Jinping travelled to Turkey, resulting in deals worth US$4.3 billion across industries including finance, renewable energy and mining.

TCG Gediz in Port Klang

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TCG Gediz arrives at Port Klang in Maleysia. Photo: Dzirhan Mahadir. Used with permission.

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TCG Gediz at Port Klang in Maleysia. Photo: Dzirhan Mahadir. Used with permission.

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TCG Gediz in Port Klang in Maleysia. Photo: Dzirhan Mahadir. Used with permission.

Turkish frigate TCG Gediz arrived in Port Klang in Malaysia on 3 May 2015. She will continue to her journey on 5 May 2015.

The frigate is on a commemorative cruise replicating the route of the ill fated deployment of the Ottoman frigate Ertuğrul.

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