A Submarine Sighted

 

Type1400

On 13 August 2015, a Turkish Navy, Gür or Preveze class submarine was sighted passing through Bosphorus.

Since Turkish Navy stopped painting the pennant number of the submarines on their hulls, it is impossible to identify each individual submarine anymore. While this new painting scheme helps the submarines to blend and prevents IR/FLIR/LLTV using trackers or electro-optic directors any high contrast target, it makes ship spotting difficult.

 

Sea Shield 2015 Naval Exercise

TCG Atılay passing through Istanbul, on her way to the Sea Shiel 2015 naval exercise in Romania. Photo: Alper Böler. Used with permission.

TCG Atılay passing through Istanbul, on her way to the Sea Shiel 2015 naval exercise in Romania. Photo: Alper Böler. Used with permission.

The Romanian led naval exercise Sea Shield 2015 has started on 20 July 2015.

The exercise will last till 24 July 2015 and is aimed at developing international cooperation in the defense area with similar structures of NATO member and partner states to strengthen and develop common procedures for battle.

Anti submarine warfare training is an important aspect of the exercise. The Turkish submarine S-347 TCG Atılay is acting as the hunter and the hunted. Turkey is the only NATO country that has operational submarines in the Black Sea. TCG Atılay is the first foreign submarine to visit Constanta in 7 years.

Of the other NATO countries Bulgaria has decommissioned its sole Romeo (Project 633) class BNS Slava in 2011 and terminated Bulgaria’s submarine force after 94 years. And Romania has one Kilo (Project 636) class submarine ROS Delfinul, which is in reserve status.

Standing NATO Maritime Group One is taking part in this exercise while SNMCMG-2 has left the Black Sea on 14 July 2015.

Ukrainian frigate Hetman Sahaidachny is also taking part in this exercise.

Below is the list of the participants to this exercise:

Number Name Type Nationality
11 BGS Smeli Corvette Bulgaria
P-68 Daniolos Attack craft Greece
F-803 HNLMS Tromp Frigate Netherlands
F-334 NRP Francisco De Almeida Frigate Portugal
30 ROS Sub Lieutenant Alexandru Axente Mine hunter Romania
188 ROS Zborul Corvette Romania
190 ROS Lăstunul Corvette Romania
264 ROS Cam. Eustaţiu Sebastian Corvette Romania
265 ROS Cam. Horia Macellariu Corvette Romania
F-221 ROS Regele Ferdinand Frigate Romania
F-222 ROS Regina Maria Frigate Romania
ROS Grozavul Tug Romania
F-240 TCG Yavuz Frigate Turkey
S-347 TCG Atılay Submarine Turkey
U-130 Hetman Sahaidachny Frigate Ukraine

Turkish Navy Receives Upgraded Submarines

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This photo shows TCG Batıray in August 2014. She is a sister boat to TCG Dolunay and TCG Doğanay.

Last week Turkish project management company STM Mühendislik, announced that they have finished the modernization project of two Turkish Ay class submarines.

As reported in earlier in this blog, in March 2010 Defense Industry Executive Committee (SSIK) decided to upgrade two  Atılay class submarines and one year later the contract was signed with STM.

Atılay class is based on German  Type 209 design and they are the oldest submarines in Turkish silent service. The oldest one was commissioned 34 and the newest one 20 years ago. Last year S-348 TCG Saldıray was decommissioned.

The newest two boats, S-351 TCG Doğanay and S-352 TCG Dolunay received an extensive modernization. The old Kollmorgen periscopes were replaced with Zeiss periscopes either SERO 400 or OMS 100. Furthermore a new inertial navigation system from Raytheon and the ARES-2N ESM system from Aselsan have replaced the existing ones.

It was planned to modify four of the torpedo tubes so that they can use Mk48 ADCAP Mod6 AT heavy weight torpedoes. But the press release made from STM omits any mention about this. The modernization project led by the STM remains significant in a way that for the first time in the history of Turkey, a civilian company has been appointed as a main-contractor of a navy submarine project.

Joint Warrior 2015-1 Naval Component

 

JW151v2

Monsieur Louis, Martin-Vézian from Contemporary Issues & Geography (CIGeography) prepare this wonderful picture where you can visualize easily all nations and all warships taking part in Joint Warrior 2015-1 exercise.

According to media sources there are 55 warships taking part in Joint Warrior 2015. The below list has 55 of them.

 

Thanks to:

Sjoforsvaret, for reminding me about HNOMS Thor Heyerdahl,

Herr Thomas Wiegold, for information on Germany Navy,

Mister Nils K Haugen for correcting the name of HNOMS Skjold.

Any further corrections and additions are always welcome.

Number Name Type Nationality
F930 BNS Leopold I Frigate Belgium
M921 BNS Lobelia Mine hunter Belgium
337 HMCS Frederıcton Frigate Canada
F357 HDMS Thetis Frigate Denmark
F362 HDMS Peter Willemoes Frigate Denmark
F363 HDMS Niels Juel Frigate Denmark
L16 HDMS Absalon Frigate Denmark
A630 FS Marne Auxiliary France
D 644 FS Primauguet Destroyer France
M642 FS Cassiopee Mine hunter France
A1442 FGS Spessart Auxiliary Germany
A514 FGS Werra Auxiliary Germany
A516 FGS Donau Auxiliary Germany
M614 FS Styx Mine hunter France
M1093 FGS Auerbach Mine hunter Germany
P6122 FGS Puma Fast Attack Craft Germany
P6123 FGS Hermerlin Fast Attack Craft Germany
P6125 FGS Zobel Fast Attack Craft Germany
P6126 FGS Frettchen Fast Attack Craft Germany
P6129 FGS Wiesel Fast Attack Craft Germany
P6130 FGS Hyäne Fast Attack Craft Germany
F575 ITS Euro Frigate Italy
F802 HNLMS De Zeven Provinciën Frigate Netherlands
M1063 FGS Bad Bevensen Mine hunter Germany
M857 HNLMS Makkum Mine hunter Netherlands
P843 HNLMS Groningen Patrol Netherlands
S802 HNLMS Walrus Submarine Netherlands
A535 HNOMS Valkyrien Auxiliary Norway
F314 HNOMS Thor Heyerdahl Frigate Norway
M864 HNLMS Willemstad Mine hunter Netherlands
P960 HNOMS Skjold Corvette Norway
P963 HNOMS Skudd Corvette Norway
S303 HNOMS Utvaer Submarine Norway
M352 HNOMS Rauma Mine hunter Norway
F331 NRP Álvares Cabral Frigate Portugal
F104 SPS Méndez Núñez Frigate Spain
F496 TCG Gökova Frigate Turkey
F497 TCG Göksu Frigate Turkey
623 ORP Mewa Mine hunter Poland
S359 TCG Burakreis Submarine Turkey
A135 RFA Argus Landing ship UK
F82 HMS Somerset Frigate UK
L12 HMS Ocean Landing ship UK
L3007 RFA Lyme Bay Landing ship UK
M269 TCG Anamur Mine hunter Turkey
M109 HMS Bangor Mine hunter UK
M33 HMS Brocklesby Mine hunter UK
M108 HMS Grimsby Mine hunter UK
M39 HMS Hurworth Mine hunter UK
S120 HMS Ambush Submarine UK
13 USNS Medgar Evers Auxiliary USA
68 USS Anzio Cruiser USA
69 USS Vicksburg Cruiser USA
75 USS Donald Cook Destroyer USA
78 USS Porter Destroyer USA
M107 HMS Pembroke Mine hunter UK

Joint Warrior 2015 (Updated)

F497

F-497 TCG Gökova currently taking part in Exercise Joint Warrior 2015.

F496

F496 TCG Göksu currently taking part in Exercise Joint Warrior 2015.

M269

M269 TCG Anamur currently taking part in Exercise Joint Warrior 2015.

 

According to media sources there are 55 warships taking part in Joint Warrior 2015. I was able to identify 53 of them.

Thanks to Sjoforsvaret for reminding me about HNOMS Thor Heyerdahl.

Any corrections and additions are always welcome.

Number Name Type Nationality
M921 BNS Lobelia Mine hunter Belgium
F930 BNS Leopold I Frigate Belgium
337 HMCS Frederıcton Frigate Canada
L16 HDMS Absalon Frigate Denmark
F363 HDMS Niels Juel Frigate Denmark
F362 HDMS Peter Willemoes Frigate Denmark
F357 HDMS Thetis Frigate Denmark
M642 FS Cassiopee Mine hunter France
D 644 FS Primauguet Destroyer France
M1093 FGS Auerbach Mine hunter Germany
M1063 FGS Bad Bevensen Mine hunter Germany
A516 FGS Donau Auxiliary Germany
P6126 FGS Frettchen Fast Attack Craft Germany
P6123 FGS Hermerlin Fast Attack Craft Germany
F261 FGS Madgeburg Corvette Germany
P6122 FGS Puma Fast Attack Craft Germany
A1442 FGS Spessart Auxiliary Germany
A514 FGS Werra Auxiliary Germany
P6125 FGS Zobel Fast Attack Craft Germany
F575 ITS Euro Frigate Italy
P843 HNLMS Groningen Patrol Netherlands
M857 HNLMS Makkum Mine hunter Netherlands
F831 HNLMS Van Amstel Frigate Netherlands
M864 HNLMS Willemstad Mine hunter Netherlands
S802 HNLMS Walrus Submarine Netherlands
M352 HNOMS Rauma Mine hunter Norway
P963 HNOMS Skudd Corvette Norway
A535 HNOMS Valkyrien Auxiliary Norway
P960 HNOMS Skudd Corvette Norway
S303 HNOMS Utvaer Submarine Norway
F314 HNOMS Thor Heyerdahl Frigate Norway
623 OPR Mewa Mine hunter Poland
F331 NRP Álvares Cabral Frigate Portugal
F104 Méndez Núñez Frigate Spain
M269 TCG Anamur Mine hunter Turkey
S359 TCG Burakreis Submarine Turkey
F497 TCG Göksu Frigate Turkey
F496 TCG Gökova Frigate Turkey
M33 HMS Brocklesby Mine hunter UK
M108 HMS Grimsby Mine hunter UK
P283 HMS Mersey Mine hunter UK
L12 HMS Ocean Landing ship UK
M107 HMS Pembroke Mine hunter UK
A135 RFA Argus Landing ship UK
L3007 RFA Lyme Bay Landing ship UK
S120 HMS Ambush Submarine UK
F82 HMS Somerset Frigate UK
13 USNS Medgar Evers Auxiliary USA
68 USS Anzio Cruiser USA
75 USS Donald Cook Destroyer USA
78 USS Porter Destroyer USA
69 USS Vicksburg Cruiser USA

A Submarine Sighted

Atilay

On 7 March 2015, a Turkish Navy, Atılay class submarine was sighted passing through Bosphorus.

Since Turkish Navy stopped painting the pennant number of the submarines on their hulls, it is impossible to identify each individual submarine anymore. While this new painting scheme helps the submarines to blend and prevents IR/FLIR/LLTV using trackers or electro-optic directors any high contrast target, it makes ship spotting difficult.

Last month when USS Cole was in the Black Sea it was reported that she had participated in an underway engagement with Turkish frigate F-243 TCG Yıldırım and submarine S-350 TCG Yıldıray on 21 February 2015.

Since this is the first Atılay class submarine returning from the Black Sea and the only one recently reported to be deployed in the region, I think it is safe to say that this submarine is S-350 TCG Yıldıray.

Will TKMS Pay Penalty For the Delays In Reis Class Construction Project?

Typ214_TR_contribution

This presentation by TKMS shows the local Turkish content in the upcoming Type214TN submarines. which is substantial compared to the previous submarine construction projects.

The German newspaper Handelsblatt run a story about the penalty to be paid by German submarine constructor Thyssen Krupp Marine Systems (TKMS) to Turkey. The reason for this payment is the delay in, construction of 6 Type 214 TN submarines Turkey as agreed to buy From TKMS in 2009.

On 2 July 2009, a contract was signed between Turkey and Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft GmbH (HDW), Kiel, a company of TKMS, and MarineForce International LLP (MFI), London, for the delivery of six material packages for the construction of Class 214 submarines which are now called as the Reis class.

The value of the contract is estimated as 2,5 billion €. There is %80 offset agreement. The submarines will be built in Gölcük Naval Shipyard where 11 submarines of Type 209, were previously built. According to the original contract terms the construction was to start in 2011, and the first sub delivered in 2015.

The reasons for the delay of the construction is both technical and commercial.

The technical delay is related to the much reported to the stability problems the Type 214 submarines experienced. The stability problem was one of the main reasons why Greek Navy refused to accept its first Type 214 HS Papanikolis years ago in the first place. The solution to the stability problem by TKMS was to add weights to certain places in the submarine in order to create a stability. But Turkish Navy was not satisfied with this come up with its own solution where the center of gravity of the submarine was relocated,by adding extending the length of the submarine. The solution has to be validated by TKMS and this is one of the delay in the project. This also means that Turkish Navy is working seriously in submarine design and problems associated with it.  In the end Turkish Type 214 submarines will be a few meters longer than the other nations Type 214 submarines.

The Type 214 construction project is the last project where Turkish Navy will construct a submarine to a foreign design and subsystems. It is not a secret that the next submarines constructed by Turkish Navy will be local design with most of the critical components ans sub systems produced with local input. It is not surprising to see the large Turkish industrial participation in the Type 214 project as this project is regarded as preparation phase for the Milli Denizaltı  (Milden). Milli Denizaltı means National Submarine in Turkish. So it is understandable for the Germans to drag their feet in the Type 214 project especially when they know that this is the last of its kind.

TCG Saldıray Decommissioned

TCG Saldıray on her final cruise.

TCG Saldıray on her final cruise. Photo: Official Turkish Navy photo.

Today, Turkish Navy announced the retirement of Atılay class (209 Type 1200) submarine TCG Saldıray.

TCG Saldıray was the second of her class and was built in Kiel Germany. She was launched in 1974 and commissioned in Turkish Navy in 1977. There were news about an explosion in her, while she was in Gölcük Naval base. But these stories were never ever commented by Turkish Navy.  Earlier this year she took part in Beyaz Fırtına 2014 naval exercise and fired a torpedo to a target ship.

On 14 November 2014, her final day in commission, she made a farewell cruise with her active and former crew.

We thank TCG Saldıray and her crew for serving us 37 years.

UPDATED: Mavi Balina Anti Submarine Warfare Exercise Starts Tomorrow

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TCG Batıray as seen in August 2014 in Istanbul. She is one of 4 Turkish submarines taking part in Mavi Balina ASW exercise.

I have updated and completed the list of the participating units:

F-494 TCG Gökçeada Frigate Turkey
F-495 TCG Gediz Frigate Turkey
F-497 TCG Göksu Frigate Turkey
F-511 TCG Heybeliada Corvette Turkey
F-512 TCG Büyükada Corvette Turkey
S-347 TCG Atılay Submarine Turkey
S-349 TCG Batıray Submarine Turkey
S-356 TCG Anafartalar Submarine Turkey
S-358 TCG Çanakkale Submarine Turkey
A-595 TCG Yarbay Kudret Güngör Tanker Turkey
F-247 TCG Kemalreis Frigate Turkey
F-208 FGS Niedersachsen Frigate Germany
FFH-333 HMCS Toronto Frigate Canada
CG-55 USS Leyte Gulf Cruiser USA
F-102 ESPS Almirante Juan De Borbón Frigate Spain
F-84 ESPS Reina Sofia Frigate Spain
DDG-67 USS Cole Destroyer USA
FFG-260 PNS Alamgir Frigate Pakistan
S-90 HMS Torbay Submarine United kingdom

According to Turkish Navy besides the above listed units one rapid analysis team from NATO MARCOM and observers from Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Chile, Georgia, Kuwait, Lebanon will participate in the exercise.

Mavi Balina Anti Submarine Warfare Exercise Starts Tomorrow

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Turkish Navy announced that the Mavi Balina Naval Exercise will start on 6 November 2014.

The naval exercise will be conducted in Eastern Mediterranean till 14 November 2014. The aim of the exercise is to provide the participants with submarine warfare and anti submarine warfare training.

Besides warships and submarines at least 7 ASW planes 9 ASW helicopters are going to take part in Mavi Balina too.
The below is the list of the participating warships and submarines:

F- TCG XXX Frigate Turkey
F- TCG XXX Frigate Turkey
F- TCG XXX Frigate Turkey
F-512 TCG Heybeliada Corvette Turkey
F- TCG XXX Corvette Turkey
S- TCG XXX Submarine Turkey
S- TCG XXX Submarine Turkey
S- TCG XXX Submarine Turkey
S- TCG XXX Submarine Turkey
A-595 TCG Yarbay Kudret Güngör Tanker Turkey
F-247 TCG Kemalreis Frigate Turkey
F-208 FGS Niedersachsen Frigate Germany
FFH-333 HMCS Toronto Frigate Canada
CG-55 USS Leyte Gulf Cruiser USA
F-102 ESPS Almirante Juan De Borbón Frigate Spain
F-84 ESPS Reina Sofia Frigate Spain
DDG-67 USS Cole Destroyer USA
FFG-260 PNS Alamgir Frigate Pakistan
S-90 HMS Torbay Submarine United kingdom

According to Turkish Navy besides the above listed units one rapid analysis team from NATO MARCOM and observers from Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Chile, Georgia, Kuwait, Lebanon will participate in the exercise.

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