Russian Warship Movements Through Turkish Straits (Part 47)

Yesterday, on 17 April 2014,  3 Ropucha class landing ships have made a southbound passage trough Bosphorus. Either Mr. Assad is in dire need for Russian supplies and weapons or this is a diversion attempt from the Ukrainian crises.

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Russian warship 127 Minsk making a southbound passage through Bosphorus. Photo: Yörük Işık. Used with permission.

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Russian warship 127 Minsk making a southbound passage through Bosphorus. Photo: Yasemin Dora. Used with permission.

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Russian warship 127 Minsk making a southbound passage through Bosphorus. Photo: Kerim Bozkurt. Used with permission.

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Russian warship 142 Novocharkassk making a southbound passage through Bosphorus. Photo: Ahmet Böler. Used with permission.

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Russian warship 142 Novocharkassk making a southbound passage through Bosphorus. Photo: Yörük Işık. Used with permission.

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Russian warship 142 Novocharkassk making a southbound passage through Bosphorus.

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Russian warship 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets making a southbound passage through Bosphorus. Photo: Yörük Işık. Used with permission.

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Russian warship 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets making a southbound passage through Bosphorus

The list of Russian warship movements in 2014:

Date Number Name Direction
02/01/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Northbound
02/01/14 156 Yamal Northbound
18/01/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Southbound
18/01/14 151 Azov Southbound
27/01/14 102 Kaliningrad Southbound
01/02/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Northbound
01/02/14 151 Azov Northbound
07/02/14 810 Smetlivy Northbound
10/02/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Southbound
10/02/14 151 Azov Southbound
20/02/14 150 Saratov Southbound
20/02/14 156 Yamal Southbound
26/02/14 102 Kaliningrad Northbound
26/02/14 127 Minsk Northbound
04/03/14 150 Saratov Northbound
04/03/14 156 Yamal Northbound
23/03/14 012 Olenegorskiy Gorniak Southbound
23/03/14 102 Kaliningrad Southbound
23/03/14 127 Minsk Southbound
03/04/14 012 Olenegorskiy Gorniak Northbound
03/04/14 102 Kaliningrad Southbound
10/04/14 150 Saratov Southbound
10/04/14 156 Yamal Southbound
11/04/14 138 PM-138 Southbound
12/04/14 MB-304 MB-304 Southbound
17/04/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Southbound
17/04/14 127 Minsk Southbound
17/04/14 142 Novocharkassk Southbound

I have archived the list of the Russian ship movements in 2013.

Russian Warship Movements Through Turkish Straits (Part 46)

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Russian repair ship PM-138 passing through Bosphorus. Photo: Yörük Işık. Used with permission.

On 11 April 2014, Friday the Amur class repair ship from Russian Black Sea Fleet PM-138 passed through Bosphorus on her Syrian deployment. This means that PM-56 currently stationed in Tartus Syria will be returning home soon.

The list of Russian warship movements in 2014:

Date Number Name Direction
02/01/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Northbound
02/01/14 156 Yamal Northbound
18/01/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Southbound
18/01/14 151 Azov Southbound
27/01/14 102 Kaliningrad Southbound
01/02/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Northbound
01/02/14 151 Azov Northbound
07/02/14 810 Smetlivy Northbound
10/02/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Southbound
10/02/14 151 Azov Southbound
20/02/14 150 Saratov Southbound
20/02/14 156 Yamal Southbound
26/02/14 102 Kaliningrad Northbound
26/02/14 127 Minsk Northbound
04/03/14 150 Saratov Northbound
04/03/14 156 Yamal Northbound
23/03/14 012 Olenegorskiy Gorniak Southbound
23/03/14 102 Kaliningrad Southbound
23/03/14 127 Minsk Southbound
03/04/14 012 Olenegorskiy Gorniak Northbound
03/04/14 102 Kaliningrad Southbound
10/04/14 150 Saratov Southbound
10/04/14 156 Yamal Southbound
11/04/14 138 PM-138 Southbound
12/04/14 MB-304 MB-304 Southbound

I have archived the list of the Russian ship movements in 2013.

Russian Warship Movements Through Turkish Straits (Part 45)

Russian warship Yamal passing through the Dardanelles. Photo: DHA.

Russian warship Yamal passing through the Dardanelles. Photo: DHA.

Yesterday, two Russian landing ships, the Alligator class 150 Saratov and Ropucha class 156 Yamal have passed through Dardanelles as they going for their Syrian Express deployment.

The list of Russian warship movements in 2014:

Date Number Name Direction
02/01/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Northbound
02/01/14 156 Yamal Northbound
18/01/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Southbound
18/01/14 151 Azov Southbound
27/01/14 102 Kaliningrad Southbound
01/02/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Northbound
01/02/14 151 Azov Northbound
07/02/14 810 Smetlivy Northbound
10/02/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Southbound
10/02/14 151 Azov Southbound
20/02/14 150 Saratov Southbound
20/02/14 156 Yamal Southbound
26/02/14 102 Kaliningrad Northbound
26/02/14 127 Minsk Northbound
04/03/14 150 Saratov Northbound
04/03/14 156 Yamal Northbound
23/03/14 012 Olenegorskiy Gorniak Southbound
23/03/14 102 Kaliningrad Southbound
23/03/14 127 Minsk Southbound
03/04/14 012 Olenegorskiy Gorniak Northbound
03/04/14 102 Kaliningrad Southbound
10/04/14 150 Saratov Southbound
10/04/14 156 Yamal Southbound

I have archived the list of the Russian ship movements in 2013.

Russian Warship Movements Through Turkish Straits (Part 44)

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012 Olenegorskiy Gorniak passing through the Bosphorus. Photo: Kerim Bozkurt. Used with permission.

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012 Olenegorskiy Gorniak passing through the Bosphorus. Photo: Kerim Bozkurt. Used with permission.

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102 Kaliningrad passing through the Bosphorus. Photo: Kerim Bozkurt. Used with permission.

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102 Kaliningrad passing through the Bosphorus. Photo: Kerim Bozkurt. Used with permission.

This morning in the early hours, two Russian Ropucha class landing ships 102 Kaliningrad from Baltic Fleet and 012 Olenegorskiy Gorniak from Northern Fleet have passed through Bosphorus as they were returning from their Syrian Express deployment.

Both ship made their southbound passage through Bosphorus on 23 March 2014.

The list of Russian warship movements in 2014:

Date Number Name Direction
02/01/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Northbound
02/01/14 156 Yamal Northbound
18/01/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Southbound
18/01/14 151 Azov Southbound
27/01/14 102 Kaliningrad Southbound
01/02/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Northbound
01/02/14 151 Azov Northbound
07/02/14 810 Smetlivy Northbound
10/02/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Southbound
10/02/14 151 Azov Southbound
20/02/14 150 Saratov Southbound
20/02/14 156 Yamal Southbound
26/02/14 102 Kaliningrad Northbound
26/02/14 127 Minsk Northbound
04/03/14 150 Saratov Northbound
04/03/14 156 Yamal Northbound
23/03/14 012 Olenegorskiy Gorniak Southbound
23/03/14 102 Kaliningrad Southbound
23/03/14 127 Minsk Southbound
03/04/14 012 Olenegorskiy Gorniak Northbound
03/04/14 102 Kaliningrad Southbound

I have archived the list of the Russian ship movements in 2013.

French Warship FS Alizé Passed Through Bosphorus

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Mr. Kerim Bozkurt, an invaluable contributor to this blog also shared his photos of the FS Alizé as she passed through Bosphorus.

She is now in Varna, Bulgaria. According to The Voice of Russia she is going to take part in joint sea rescue exercises.

The photos below are taken from informative blog Sea Dog.

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French Warship FS Alizé Passed Through Dardanelles

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A-645 FS Alizé passing through the Dardanelles. Photo: elazighaberi.com

On 26 March 2014, French warship A-645 FS Alizé made a northbound passage through the Dardanelles.

According to news reports her destination was not disclosed but it is safe to assume that she is heading to the Black Sea.

She is a very peciluar ship to send to the Black Sea.

First of all she is not a front line combatant like a destroyer, frigate of corvette. She is a diving support ship, meaning that she carries all the necessary support equipment for diving operations and hyperbaric chamber and specialized medical facilities.

Second, if Wikipedia is correct she is mainly used for the operations of divers from Direction Générale de la Sécurité Extérieure. That’s France’s external intelligence agency

Now the million dollar question is why is France sending an auxiliary warship mainly tasked with supporting spy divers to the Black sea?

Here is a video of A-645 FS Alizé as she passes Çanakkale:
http://www.sondakika.com/haber/haber-fransiz-askeri-gemisi-canakkale-bogazi-ndan-gecti-5831330/

Russian Warship Movements Through Turkish Straits (Part 43)

As the Russian landing ship were busily occupied in transporting Russian military units to Crime they have remained in the Black Sea. Therefore there has been less to report about their passage to the Mediterranean.

On 23 March 2014 , the Ropucha class landing ship of Russian Northern Fleet, 012 Olenegorskiy Gorniak made a sound bound passage through the Bosphorus.

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012 Olenegorskiy Gorniak passing through the Bosphorus. Photo: Mrs. Eser Çelebiler. Used with permission.

The list of Russian warship movements in 2014:

Date Number Name Direction
02/01/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Northbound
02/01/14 156 Yamal Northbound
18/01/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Southbound
18/01/14 151 Azov Southbound
27/01/14 102 Kaliningrad Southbound
01/02/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Northbound
01/02/14 151 Azov Northbound
07/02/14 810 Smetlivy Northbound
10/02/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Southbound
10/02/14 151 Azov Southbound
20/02/14 150 Saratov Southbound
20/02/14 156 Yamal Southbound
26/02/14 102 Kaliningrad Northbound
26/02/14 127 Minsk Northbound
04/03/14 150 Saratov Northbound
04/03/14 156 Yamal Northbound
23/03/14 012 Olenegorskiy Gorniak Southbound

I have archived the list of the Russian ship movements in 2013.

A Primer On The Montreux Convention

500px-Turkish_Strait_disambig.svgThis just a short primer on the Montreux Convention that regulates the passage of Merchant and warship through Turkish Straits.

Signed on 20 July 1936, The Montreux Convention Regarding the Regime of the Straits gives Turkey full control over the Turkish Straits, guarantees the free passage of civilian vessels in peacetime and permits Turkey to remilitarise the Turkish Straits.

  1. The aim of the Montreux Convention is to regulate the passage of civilian and military ships through the Turkish Straits.
  2. The term Turkish Straits covers the Dardanelles, Marmara Sea and the Bosporus.
  3. The Convention makes a clear differentiation between Black Sea countries (Turkey, Bulgaria, Romania, Ukraine, Russia, Georgia) and non-Black Sea countries.
  4. Merchant vessels enjoy a total freedom of passage through the Turkish Straits.  Turkish Straits Vessel Traffic Services Centre regulates the passages according to the Maritime Traffic Regulations for the Turkish Straits dated 1998.
  5. The Black Sea Countries;
    • cannot pass warships solely designed to carry airplanes through Turkish Straits.
    • can pass submarines if they are joining their base in the Black Sea for the first time after their construction or purchase, or if they are returning from a repair in dockyards outside the Black Sea.
    • can pass their warships through Turkish Straits by notifying Turkey through diplomatic channels 8 days before the passage.
  6. The Non Black Sea Countries;
    • cannot pass warships solely designed to carry airplanes through Turkish Straits.
    • cannot pass submarines.
    • can pass warships, but the aggregate displacement of the foreign warships in the Black Sea may not exceed 45.000 tons.
    • cannot hold their ships in the Black Sea longer than 21 days.
    • cannot have more than 9 ships in the Black Sea at the same time
    • can pass their warships through Turkish Straits by notifying Turkey through diplomatic channels 15 days before the passage.

For further reading:

  • The full text of the Montreux Convention can be found here.
  • The official Turkish stand of the implementation of  the Montreux Convention can be found here.

Russian Warship Movements Through Turkish Straits (Part 42)

Saratov passing through Bosphorus on 4 March 2014. Photo: TRT

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Yamal passing through Bosphorus on 4 March 2014. Photo: AA

The Alligator class landing ship 150 Saratov and the Ropucha class landing ships 156 Yamal have passed through the Bosphorus this morning are now in the Black Sea. Whether they are heading to Sevastopol or Novorossiysk is not clear at the moment.

The list of Russian warship movements in 2014:

Date Number Name Direction
02/01/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Northbound
02/01/14 156 Yamal Northbound
18/01/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Southbound
18/01/14 151 Azov Southbound
27/01/14 102 Kaliningrad Southbound
01/02/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Northbound
01/02/14 151 Azov Northbound
07/02/14 810 Smetlivy Northbound
10/02/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Southbound
10/02/14 151 Azov Southbound
20/02/14 150 Saratov Southbound
20/02/14 156 Yamal Southbound
26/02/14 102 Kaliningrad Northbound
26/02/14 127 Minsk Northbound
04/03/14 150 Saratov Northbound
04/03/14 156 Yamal Northbound

I have archived the list of the Russian ship movements in 2013.

UPDATED: Russian Warship Movements Through Turkish Straits (Part 41)

Today, two Ropucha class landing ship from Russian Navy passed through Bosphorus returning from their Syrian deployment. As the political crisis in Ukraine particular in Crimea is increasing it is possible that Russian Navy wanted these valuable assets closer to home.

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Large landing ship Kaliningrad passing through Bosphorus. Photo: seabreeze.org.ua via webcam.

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Large landing ship Minsk passing through Bosphorus. Photo: seabreeze.org.ua via webcam.

According to the blog Warships On Bosphorus two more Russian ships started their Syrian deployment last week: Alligator class landing ship Saratov and Ropucha class landing ship Yamal.

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The Ropucha class warship 156 Yamal passing through Bosphorus on 20 February 2014. Photo: Eser Çelebiler. Used with permission.

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The Alligator class warship 150 Saratov passing through Bosphorus on 20 February 2014. Photo: Eser Çelebiler. Used with permission.

The list of Russian warship movements in 2014:

Date Number Name Direction
02/01/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Northbound
02/01/14 156 Yamal Northbound
18/01/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Southbound
18/01/14 151 Azov Southbound
27/01/14 102 Kaliningrad Southbound
01/02/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Northbound
01/02/14 151 Azov Northbound
07/02/14 810 Smetlivy Northbound
10/02/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Southbound
10/02/14 151 Azov Southbound
20/02/14 150 Saratov Southbound
20/02/14 156 Yamal Southbound
26/02/14 102 Kaliningrad Northbound
26/02/14 127 Minsk Northbound

I have archived the list of the Russian ship movements in 2013.

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