Sea Shield 2015 Naval Exercise

TCG Atılay passing through Istanbul, on her way to the Sea Shiel 2015 naval exercise in Romania. Photo: Alper Böler. Used with permission.

TCG Atılay passing through Istanbul, on her way to the Sea Shiel 2015 naval exercise in Romania. Photo: Alper Böler. Used with permission.

The Romanian led naval exercise Sea Shield 2015 has started on 20 July 2015.

The exercise will last till 24 July 2015 and is aimed at developing international cooperation in the defense area with similar structures of NATO member and partner states to strengthen and develop common procedures for battle.

Anti submarine warfare training is an important aspect of the exercise. The Turkish submarine S-347 TCG Atılay is acting as the hunter and the hunted. Turkey is the only NATO country that has operational submarines in the Black Sea. TCG Atılay is the first foreign submarine to visit Constanta in 7 years.

Of the other NATO countries Bulgaria has decommissioned its sole Romeo (Project 633) class BNS Slava in 2011 and terminated Bulgaria’s submarine force after 94 years. And Romania has one Kilo (Project 636) class submarine ROS Delfinul, which is in reserve status.

Standing NATO Maritime Group One is taking part in this exercise while SNMCMG-2 has left the Black Sea on 14 July 2015.

Ukrainian frigate Hetman Sahaidachny is also taking part in this exercise.

Below is the list of the participants to this exercise:

Number Name Type Nationality
11 BGS Smeli Corvette Bulgaria
P-68 Daniolos Attack craft Greece
F-803 HNLMS Tromp Frigate Netherlands
F-334 NRP Francisco De Almeida Frigate Portugal
30 ROS Sub Lieutenant Alexandru Axente Mine hunter Romania
188 ROS Zborul Corvette Romania
190 ROS Lăstunul Corvette Romania
264 ROS Cam. Eustaţiu Sebastian Corvette Romania
265 ROS Cam. Horia Macellariu Corvette Romania
F-221 ROS Regele Ferdinand Frigate Romania
F-222 ROS Regina Maria Frigate Romania
ROS Grozavul Tug Romania
F-240 TCG Yavuz Frigate Turkey
S-347 TCG Atılay Submarine Turkey
U-130 Hetman Sahaidachny Frigate Ukraine

Bulgaria Hosts Breeze 2015 Naval Exercise

TCG Enez (left) and TCG Barbaros (right) on their way to Varna. Both are taking part in Breeze 2015 exercise with  NATO SNMCMG-2 task force.

TCG Enez (left) and TCG Barbaros (right) on their way to Varna. Both are taking part in Breeze 2015 exercise with NATO SNMCMG-2 task force.

Bulgaria is hosting Breeze 2015 naval exercise from 3 to 12 July 2015. According to Bulgarian minisry of Defence 30 warships from Bulgaria, Greece, Romania, Turkey and USA will take part.
Bulgaian Navy will contribute with 15 combat and auxiliary ships and boats, two helicopters and more than 1,000 personnel.

The main objective of the exercise is to improve the interoperability and interaction between the Navy included therein countries by practicing their participation in Operation in response to the crisis. Nineteenth edition of “Breeze” will contribute to improving cooperation in multinational environment with 21 state organizations, institutions and agencies from four ministries, local authorities and non-governmental and private organizations. Within the exercise will obtain certification of a ship of the Navy the Republic of Bulgaria – mine hunter “Tsibar” according to the methodology for assessment of NATO MAREVAL. Host of “Breeze 2015” Point is basing Varna Naval Base – Navy. July 6 (Monday) at 15.00. To 18.00. Of foreign warships based at Port Varna and Port Varna will be open to the citizens and visitors.

 

As usual, I have tried to find information about the participants. This is the list as far as I could compiled.

Number Name Type Nationality
F-244 TCG Barbaros Frigate Turkey
M-262 TCG Enez Mine hunter Turkey
M-36 ESPS Tajo Mine hunter Spain
S-350 TCG Yıldıray Submarine Turkey
P-336 TCG Zıpkın Attack craft Turkey
F-334 NRP Francisco De Almeida Frigate Portugal
F-803 HNLMS Tromp Frigate Netherlands
DDG-78 USS Porter Destroyer USA
189 Pescarusul Attack craft Romania
32 BGS Tsibar Mine hunter Bulgaria
41 BGS Drazki Frigate Bulgaria
42 BGS Verni Frigate Bulgaria

Sea Breeze 2014 Participants

U.S. 6th Fleet Public Affairs shared the list of the ships that take part in the naval Exercise Sea Breeze 2014.

As reported earlier, the Turkish frigate TCG Oruçreis and the French frigate Commandant Birot are not taking part in the exercise though both ships are currently deployed in the Black Sea. The list of US Navy fails to clarify if the Georgian patrol boat Sukhomi is taking part in the exercise as reported by Russian.

It is also noteworthy that there are no Bulgarian participants.

Number
Name
Country
Type
F-512
TCG Büyükada
Turkey
Corvette
F-102 ESPS Almirante Juan De Borbon  Spain Frigate
F-333 HMCS Toronto Canada Frigate
DDG-71 USS Ross USA Destroyer
P-24 Sukhumi Georgia Patrol Boat
F-221 ROS Regele Ferdinand Romania Frigate
F-264 Contraamiral Eustatiu Sebastian Romania Corvette
U-130 Hetman Sahaidachniy Ukraine Frigate
U-153 Priluki Ukraine Patrol Boat
U-120 Skadovsk Ukraine Patrol Boat
U-512 Pereyaslav Ukraine Intelligence Gathering Ship
U-542 Nova Kahovka Ukraine Training Ship
U-782 Sokal Ukraine Ambulance launch
BG-50 Kuropyannikov Ukraine Coast Guard Vessel
B-57 Mikolaiv Ukraine Coast Guard Vessel

An Update On Submarines Of The Black Sea Navies

The submarines are getting fashionable again by the navies of the Black Sea nations.

Well not every country is happy to have a silent service in its navy. Bulgaria its sole Romeo (Project 633) class BNS Slava in 2011 and sold her bulk in December 2013, effectively ending its submarine service after 94 years.

But Bulgaria is the exception. Ukraine has spent considerable amounts of money and time to get her only submarine a veteran Foxtrot (Project 641) class U-01 Zaporizya back in to service. This boat is in regular service since January 2013.

The Russian Black Sea Fleet has one active Kilo class (Project 877) diesel submarine, Alrosa (originally Varshavyanka) and one Tango class submarine Svyatoy Knyaz Georgiy. Though still listed as an active unit the status of the Svyatoy Knyaz Georgiy is dubious. This is why Russia is planning to add 6 new submarines to the BSF in the next couple of years. The first of these boats Novorossiysk is launched in November 2013 and is expected to enter into the Black Sea in July 2014.

According to Romanian website economica.net, Romanian Navy decided to modernize and reactive it’s only submarine Delfinul.  She is a Kilo class diesel submarine. She entered into service in 1986 and she has not been used since 1996.

The cost of reactivating the submarine is estimated between $20 – 30 million. It is also not clear whether the announcement of the Romanian Defense Minster in Contanta was just for a lip service or for real.

August Activation Of The BlackSeaFor

F-241 TCG Turgutreis passing through the Bosphorus to join the BLACKSEAFOR task force. Photo Kerim Bozkurt. Used with permission.

F-241 TCG Turgutreis passing through the Bosphorus to join the BLACKSEAFOR task force. Photo Kerim Bozkurt. Used with permission.

F-241 TCG Turgutreis passing through the Bosphorus to join the BLACKSEAFOR task force. Photo Kerim Bozkurt. Used with permission.

F-241 TCG Turgutreis passing through the Bosphorus to join the BLACKSEAFOR task force. Photo Kerim Bozkurt. Used with permission.

On 13 August 2013 Turkish frigate F-241 TCG Turgutreis passed through the Bosphorus and headed to Sevastopol in order to join the August activation of thee BlackSeaFor task force.

The Ukrainian Navy is commanding the task force. This is the official Statement of Ukrainian Ministry of Defence:

Today, August 14, to the port of Sevastopol came for a visit and to early August 2013 Activation of the Black Sea Naval Cooperation (BLACKSEAFOR). Commanders moored at the pier bay chickens’ secundines tralshyka “surf” (Bulgarian Navy) missile hovercraft “Bora” (Russian Black Sea Fleet) corvette “Eustatiu Sebastian” (Navy League), frigate HRH “Turgutreis” (Turkish Navy) and ship management “Center” (Naval Forces of Ukraine) made ​​a courtesy visit to the newly appointed commander BLACKSEAFOR captain 1 rank Andrey Tarasov (Naval Forces of Ukraine).

The ships began establishing connection communication system “computer-to-computer” FORESC, which will enable the exchange of information while performing tasks in the sea.

Today at Staff Connection ships – ships of Commander Naval Forces of Ukraine “Center” held a press conference Command BLACKSEAFOR. Commander connection captain 1 rank Andrey Tarasov (Navy Ukraine) and commanders of ships made protocol visits to the Ukrainian Navy command and leadership Sevastopol City State Administration.

Acting Commander of the Naval Forces of Ukraine, Vice Admiral Sergei Eliseev during a meeting with the command protocol connection has expressed satisfaction with the development of friendly relations within the framework BLACKSEAFOR and belief that during the current activation sailors will gain a new experience of interaction, will further strengthen the confidence and stability in the Black Sea region.

Visiting ships in Sevastopol is pursuant to the Agreement on the Black Sea group of naval cooperation, the Committee’s decision commanders of naval forces in the Black Sea and in accordance with the list of activities of military cooperation of the Armed Forces of Ukraine in July-August 2013.

Activation will continue until September 3.

Help. BLACKSEAFOR is a naval (ship) connection “on call”, created according to the “Agreement on the establishment of the Black Sea Naval Cooperation”, signed on 2 April 2001 in Istanbul (Turkey). The main objectives are BLACKSEAFOR operations of search and rescue, humanitarian operations, anti-landmine threat operations for the protection of the environment, exchange of visits of goodwill and other tasks agreed by the participating countries.

August 17, with the participation of delegations commander of naval forces in the Black Sea region’s change of command ceremony BLACKSEAFOR, on a rotating basis, it would be transferred from the Navy to the Republic of Naval Forces of Ukraine.

In the second half of 15, 16 and 18 August the ship connections are open to visitors and residents of Sevastopol.

On August 20 ships planned output connection to the sea, where they will be training on anti-submarine, air defense, down the aisle at minesweeper, in connection with search and rescue, swimming in the warrant, with tactical maneuvering and others.

During activation, the ship will also visit with friendly visits ports of Novorossiysk (Russia) and Sinop (Turkey).

Following ships are taking part:

Pennant
Ship
Type
Country
F-241 TCG Turgutreis Frigate Turkey
62 BGS Priboy Mine sweeper Bulgaria
P-24 GCG Sokhumi Patrol Boat Georgia
264 ROS Contraamiral Eustaţiu Sebastian Corvette Romania
615 RFS Bora Fast Attack Craft Russia
U-510 UPS Slavutich Command Ship Ukraine

Romanian Frigate Regele Ferdinand Passed Through The Turkish Straits

Romanian frigate F-221 Regele Ferdinand on her way to home. Photo: Kerim Bozkurt. Used with permission.

Romanian frigate F-221 Regele Ferdinand on her way to home. Photo: Kerim Bozkurt. Used with permission.

The Romanian Type-22 class frigate F-211 Regele Ferdinand passed through the Bosphorus today. She took part in the EU anti piracy mission Atalanta between October and December and is heading home for the Christmas.

Romanian Frigate Regele Ferdinand Departed To Join Atalanta

F-221 Regele Ferdinand leaving Romania. Photo: Resboiu.ro

The Romanian frigate F-221 Regele Ferdinand left Constanta to join the EU anti piracy task force Atalanta.

According to Romanian website Resboiu.ro this is the first participation of Romanian ships in anti-piracy operations.

Last year the ship participated under NATO command in the Mediterranean Sea in Operation Active Endeavour and in  Operation Unified Protector against Libya.

Also for the first time a frigate to participate in an international mission with Puma helicopter aboard Naval craft.
The ship passed through the Turkish Straits on 14th September 2012.

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