The Politics Of Not Transferring Ships To Turkey (Which Are Not Needed Anyway)

TCG Gediz with her new Smart Mk2 3D radar

TCG Gediz with her new Smart Mk2 3D radar and Mk-41 VLS. 

The US Congress passed the Naval Vessel Transfer Act of 2013. With this act the President of USA is authorized to sell or to grant decommissioned US Navy warships to other countries.

Usually the US Congress passes one Naval Transfer Act (NTA) once or twice in every legislation. And in each NTA certain warships and their prospective recipients are mentioned. Please mind that NTA is simply an authorization of US President by the Congress to offer these warships. The NTA does not means that the received recipients will accept this offer at the end.

In previous Naval Transfers Act of years 2005, 2006, 2007, 2012 Turkey has been offered  many ships from small mine hunters to large destroyers, by USA. And Turkey has not accepted any of these offers.

In previous Naval Transfers Act of years 2003, 2008 Turkey was not offered any warships.

I have a difficult time to understand the fuss around the omission of Turkey from Naval Transfer Act 2013. I guess some cheap politicians are trying to make some cheap gains by making something out of nothing.

But the inclusion of Turkey proved controversial, as members of Congress pointed out Turkey’s increasingly hostile stance toward Israel and its threats against natural gas exploration by American companies near Cyprus. “I believe we should hold off on sending powerful warships to Turkey and encourage the government in Ankara to take a less belligerent approach to their neighbors,” said Representative Eliot Engel during that debate.

But if the US lawmakers tried to give some kind of a signal to the Turkish government by not adding Turkey to the list of the nations that may get a frigate is beyond my understanding. But if they did; the message was not delivered as the medium is not the correct one. And what was the messages in year 2003 and 2008 where no warships have been offered to Turkey?

Anyway, I do not think that any ship that US is prepared to transfer to Turkey is not powerful compared to what Turkish Navy operates.

Below is a comparison chart between the Gabya/Perry class frigates operated by both navies:

Turkish Navy (Gabya) US Navy (Perry)
Mk-13 launcher capable of firing SM-1 Standard SAM and Harpoon ASM missiles + -
Mk-41 VLS capable of firing ESSM SAM missiles (with a potential of SM-2 Standard SAM) + -
Integrated, modern combat management system + -
3D air search radar + -
Additional 25mm gun - +

Turkish frigates have more punch, better sensors and a up-to-date combat management system compared to their counterparts in US Navy service.

The only reason I can think, why Turkish Navy would want to have an old Perry class frigate from US Navy service is, to cannibalize it to provide spare parts to ours. But thank fully Perry class frigates are used besides USA, by Australia, Bahrain, Egypt, Pakistan, Poland, Spain, Turkey. Thus finding spare parts is not all to difficult.

As I have already told, the lack of the warships especially Perry class frigates from NTA 2013, will not have any effect on the Turkish Navy at all from a technical point of view. On the contrary, we do not have to spend money and man power which are also needed for our ongoing local warship production projects. USA might be transferring warships to its allies but the ships have to be overhauled in US shipyards as NTA dictates, which means the allies have to transfer money to USA.

TCG Giresun Received Her New Radar And Missile Launcher

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TCG Giresun passing through the Bosphorus. Note her new Smart Mk2 3D radar and MK41 VLS system. Photo: Yörük Işık. Used with permission.

The Gabya (ex Perry) class frigate F-491 TCG Giresun seems to have gotten her new radar and vertical launcher. She is the last ship to received this upgrade.

The new Thales SMART-S Mk2 3D radar replaced the incumbent AN/SPS-49(V)4 radar which was 2D. The addition of 8 cell Mk41 in the forecastle increased the range and the number of the anti-air missiles carried on board. The Mk41 will hold ESSM missiles. while the Mk13 keep housing the SM-1 Standard missiles.

TCG Giresun is the fourth and final ship to undergo through this modernization. The other three are F-495 TCG Gediz, F-496 TCG Gökova, F-497 TCG Göksu.

Video Of Missile Tests From Overberg Test Range

Turkish Navy has published a video from the test firings on Overberg Test Range.

You can watch the RAM firing of TCG Heybeliada, Sea Sparrow firing of TCG Oruçreis, ESSM and SM-1 firings of TCG Gediz.

 

This is the link to the video:

http://www.dzkk.tsk.tr/denizweb/turkce/guncel/guncel_video.php?id=374

Turkish Navy Fires Missiles In Overberg Test Range

(1)

F-511 TCG Heybelida firing a RIM-116 RAM surface to air missile. Photo: Official Turkish Navy photo.

According to Turkish Navy website the ships of the Barbaros Task Force demonstrated live missile firings in Delen Overberg Test Range in South Africa.

The frigate F-245 TCG Salihreis and the corvette F-511 TCG Heybeliada were at the range on 13 May 2014. TCG Oruçreis conducted 5 Sea Sparrow firings while TCG Heybeliada shot one RAM missile.

On 14 May 2014 TCG Gediz was on the range. She fired one SM-1 and one ESSM missile.

(2)

F-245 TCG Oruçreis firing one RIM-7 Sea Sparrow surface to air missile. Photo: Official Turkish Navy photo.

(5)

F-245 TCG Oruçreis firing another RIM-7 Sea Sparrow surface to air missile. Photo: Official Turkish Navy photo.

(11)

F-495 TCG Gediz firing a RIM-162 ESSM surface to air missile. Photo: Official Turkish Navy photo.

(6)

Another shot of the RIM-162 ESSM surface to air missile. Photo: Official Turkish Navy photo.

(14)

TCG Gediz firing a SM-1 Standart surface to air missile. Photo: Official Turkish Navy photo.

Deniz Aslanı Search And Rescue Exercise

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SG-702 TCSG Güven and SG-703 TCSG Umut in İzmir, before the start of the exercise. Photo: Zeynep Yaylalı

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SG-702 TCSG Güven and SG-703 TCSG Umut in İzmir, before the start of the exercise. Photo: Zeynep Yaylalı

Last week between 6 and 9 May 2014, Turkish Armed forces conducted the Deniz Aslanı Search And Rescue exercise.

The first phase of the exercise the rescuers responded to a simulated ship sinking with 92 passengers and 12 crew on board. In the send phase of the exercise survivors of a plane crash were located and rescued by the participating units.

The Gabya class frigate F-496 TCG Gökova from Turkish Navy, the Dost class OPV’s TCSG Umut and TCSG Güven plus 6 patrol boats from Turkish Coast Guard and numerous air units took part in the exercise.

TCG Göksu Returned From Her Anti Piracy Deployment

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Photo: Official Turkish Navy photo.

On 16 December 2013 after a 7 month deployment, Gabya class frigate, F-497 TCG Göksu returned her home port Gölcük.

She has been in the Gulf Of Aden and Indian Ocean to combat piracy.

Thank you for a job well done and welcome home.

TCG Gelibolu Replaces TCG Salihreis In SNMG-2

F-493 TCG-Gelibolu

Turkish Gabya class frigate F-493 TCG Gelibolu is replacing F-246 TCG Salihreis in SNMG-2, before the NATO’s task force sails to Gulf Of Aden to combat piracy.

There will be a farewell ceremony for TCG Gelibolu on 30 November in Aksaz Naval Base.

While Turkish Navy deploys Yavuz (MEKO 200 Track I) and Barbaros (MEKO 200 Track II A/B) class frigates to NATO missions, it is always a Gabya (Perry) class frigate that is sent to missions in Gulf Of Aden. The Gabya class ships are considered more comfortable in Indian ocean and are more economical with their fuel consumption.

It would be interesting to hear what RAN is thinking as it is the only other navy besides Turkish that operates both MEKO and Perry class frigates.

TCG Göksu Joins CTF-151

SONY DSC

The Turkish Navy announced that, the Gabya class Frigate F-497 TCG Göksu will take part in Joint Task Force-151 (CTF-151) between 6 June and 6 December 2013.

On 6 June 2013, on board of TCG Göksu was command hand over ceremony of CTF-151. Real Admiral Muhammad Ihsan Qadir from Pakistani Navy, replaced Read Admiral Giam Hock Koon from Singapore Navy.

TCG Göksu will serve as the flagship for Real Admiral Muhammad Ihsan Qadir in the next 3 months.

 

 

Turkey Exported GENESIS CMS To Pakistan

genesis11

The renowned Pakistani Naval expert and journalist Usman Ansari mentioned in his article in the May issue of the Warships International, about the Aman 2013 exercise, that Pakistani Navy has acquired the GENESIS combat management system for its Perry class frigate F-260 PNS Alamgir.

This is the first official acknowledgement that Turkey has sold the GENESIS CMS to Pakistani Navy, thought this has been rumored in Turkish for a couple of years. This is the first export success of the GENESIS CMS.

GENESIS was conceived by the Research, Project Development, Department of Turkish Navy. They built a prototype as a proof of concept and developed the system to the full extend.  After the system got enough maturity the GENESIS project was handed over to Turkish defence contractor Havelsan for further improvement, serial production and international marketing.

The GENESIS was created to update the old CIC of the Perry class frigates and replace all legacy consoles, displays with modern multifunction operator consoles. More importantly with the implementation of GENESIS all existing sensors and weapon systems of the Perry class frigates will be able to communicate with each other.  This system enhances the ships’ situation awareness and accelerates the defense capabilities, decreasing the detect-to-engage reaction time by more than half.

F-492 TCG Gemlik was the first ship to receive the GENESIS system.

As is GENESIS is marketable to almost all second-hand PERRY class frigate users. Thus Pakistani Navy becomes the first foreign user of the GENESIS CMS. Of course important questions like when the deal was signed what is the value of the contract what is the delivery time line are remain unanswered yet.

TCG Gökçeada Escorts Somalia Bound Cargo Vessel

TCG Gökova escorting the merchant vessel M/V Aqua Luna in Gulf of Aden. Photo: Official Turkish Navy Photo.

TCG Gökçeada escorting the merchant vessel M/V Aqua Luna in Gulf of Aden. Photo: Official Turkish Navy Photo.

The Turkish frigate F-494 TCG Gökçeada escorted the merchant ship M/V Aqua Luna carrying Turkish aid to Somalia.

M/V Aqua Luna chartered by Turkish Red Crescent was carrying 90 thousand canned goods,  5 thousand tons of sugar, 5 thousand tons of flour and many other goods and machinery need to overhaul Somalia’s infrastructure.

I was assuming that this escort duty would be performed by TCG Gökova as she has been in the with SNMG-2. The departure of TCG Gökçeada to the region was not announced either by the Turkish Navy or The Turkish General Staff. Both organisations used to be open about these deployments in the past.

Now, Turkish Navy has again two warships “East of Suez”.

 

 

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