Turkish Navy Naval Parade In Dardanelles

On 18 March,we have celebrated the victory of against the Allied Fleet in 1915.  I am honored and delighted to share some of the excellent photos Mr. Ahmet Güven, a very dear contributor to these blog before shared these beautiful photos.

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A-579 TCG Cezayirli Hasan Paşa passing through Dardanelles.

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F-247 TCG Kemalreis anchored at Dardanelles.

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F-247 TCG Kemalreis anchored at Dardanelles.

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F-247 TCG Kemalreis anchored at Dardanelles.

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F-247 TCG Kemalreis anchored at Dardanelles.

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F-247 TCG Kemalreis anchored at Dardanelles.

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F-247 TCG Kemalreis anchored at Dardanelles. At the background from left to right P-330 TCG Kılıç, P-335 TCG Imbat, P-334 TCG Meltem, P-337 TCG Atak

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F-241 TCG Turgutreis anchored at Dardanelles

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F-241 TCG Turgutreis anchored at Dardanelles

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F-241 TCG Turgutreis anchored at Dardanelles

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F-241 TCG Turgutreis anchored at Dardanelles

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SG-701 TCSG Dost at Dardanelles

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SG-701 TCSG Dost at Dardanelles

Photos From Recent Warship Passages In Bosphorus

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Russian Alligator class 152 Nikolia Filchenkov passing through the Bosphorus on 12 September 2013. Photo: Kerim Bozkurt. Used with permission.

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Russian Alligator class 152 Nikolia Filchenkov passing through the Bosphorus on 12 September 2013. Photo: Kerim Bozkurt. Used with permission.

Russian Kashinin class destroyer 810 Smetlivy passing through the Bosphuros on 13 September 2013. Photo:   haberler.com

Russian Kashinin class destroyer 810 Smetlivy passing through the Bosphuros on 13 September 2013. Photo: haberler.com

Click here for more photos from the passage of Smetlivy and click here for a short video.

It was not only Russian ships that passed through the Bosphorus this weekend. The SNMCMG-2 has left the Black Sea after spending 19 days in various ports in the region.

M-1061 FGS Rootweil and M-263 TCG Erdemli leaving the Bosphorus on 14 September 2013.

M-1061 FGS Rottweil and M-264 TCG Erdemli leaving the Bosphorus on 14 September 2013. Photo: denizhaber.com.tr

Turkish Navy Naval Parade In Dardanelles

Just like in the previous years, on 18 March 2013, Turkish Navy organized a naval parade in Dardanelles, to commemorate the 98th anniversary of the victory against the Allied Fleet in 18 March 1915.

Unlike past 3 years, I was not able to travel to Çanakkale to watch the parade. But instead I am honored and delighted to share some of the excellent photos Mr. Ahmet Güven. All photos in this post are his work and used by me with his permission.

Following ships took part in the parade:

F245

F-245 TCG Oruçreis

F-246 TCG Salihreis.

F-246 TCG Salihreis. With her brand new SMART-S Mk2 3D air/surface search radar.

F-247

F-247 TCG Kemalreis.

F-497 TCG Göksu. She too had her brand new Smart-s Mk2 3D radar.

F-497 TCG Göksu. She too displayed her brand new SMART-S Mk2 3D air/surface search radar.

F497

F-497 TCG Göksu

F-511 TCG Heybeliada.

F-511 TCG Heybeliada.

P1203_1

P-1203 TCG Kumkale

P1205

P-1205 TCG Karabiga

P332

P-332 TCG Mızrak

P334

P-334 TCG Meltem

P336

P-336 TCG Zıpkın

P337

P-337 TCG Atak

M267

M-267 TCG Ayvalık

M270

M-270 TCG Akçay

Lest We Forget: The Minelayer Nusret.

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TCG Nusret. A swimming replica of the original.

There are a few ships, that directly influenced the history. The small minelayer Nusret is one of them. Perhaps the smallest of them.

Today is the 98th anniversary of the victory of Turkish forces over the Allied Fleet in the Dardanelles. It is the proper time to remember this small minelayer constructed in Germany  in service of Ottoman Navy as the mines she has planted changes the course of the history.

Known as the Çanakkale Naval Victory, in Turkey, this battle effectively sunk (no pun indented) the hopes of the British Admiralty and Churchill to force the Turkish Straits and a quickly dash to Istanbul to occupy it. This Turkish victory forced the Allies to use ground force in order to bring Dardanelles under their control and led to the merciless Gallipoli Campaign.

Churchill realized that if Allies could eliminate Ottoman Empire from the war, they could help Russia via Black Sea and could pressure Central Powers from the east as well.

While the main of the British Army deeply entrench in Belgium and France and the most potent s capital ships loitering in the North Sea Allied Forces had few forces to spare for such a secondary and diversionary front.

The plan of the British Admiralty was to bombard the forts that were protecting the shores of Dardanelles to annihilation and later clean the mines to open the way for Allied warships to sail to Istanbul.

The order of the battle for the Allied fleet consisted of HMS Queen Elizabeth, HMS Agamemnon, HMS Lord Nelson, HMS Inflexible, HMS Prince George, HMS Triump,  HMS Ocean HMS Majestic HMS Swiftsure HMS Vengeance HMS Irresistible, HMS Albion from Royal Navy, Gaulois, Charlemange, Bouvet, Suffren from French Navy.

The fighting began at around 10:00 in the morning. Everything seem to be on the side of the Allied forces until at around 14:00 a small cloud of yellowish smoke, which turned black afterwards, came out of the starboard quarter of the Bouvet. She had struck a mine. The ship was in Erenköy Bay a part of the Strait previously cleared by Allied minesweepers and used by larger ships for maneuvering during previous engagements.

In the night of 8th March Nusret created a single line of 20 mines in the Erenköy Bay. This line was unique as she was parallel to the shore. This new single mine line consisting of 20 mines, changed the whole history.

During the heat of the action the Allied forces are not able to determine whether Bouvet hit a mine or was hit by a shell from a cannon ashore.

At 16:00 first HMS Inflexible, 5 minutes later HMS Irresistible struck to mines laid in Erenköy Bay. HMS Ocean was ordered to tow the now abandoned HMS Irresistible. But she too hit a mine at around 18:00, followed moments later by a shell that penetrated to a magazine below the water line.

Of the 16 capital ships that sailed in the Dardanelles that morning HMS Ocean, HMS Irresistible and Bouvet never returned. HMS Inflexible and Gaulios had to be beached at the near by small island in order to be rescued. Suffren heavily damaged by Turkish guns had to be docked at Malta for intensive repairs.

Winston Churchill defined those mines as the reason for the prolonging of the war and the enormous casualties, in the interview he made with “Revue de Paris,” in 1930.

This Turkish victory forced the Allies to use ground force to occupy the hills commanding Dardanelles in order to destroy the forts protecting the straits and mine fields. This campaign was too destined to be a defeat for the Allies.

Tidbits Of The Week

Tidbits from the thing that happened during the week:

1)  General Necdet Özel, the Chief of General Staff and the Commander of Turkish Armed Forces visited Naval units this week. On Tuesday he was at the main naval base in Gölcük, Kocaeli and visited and inspected the Naval Command and some undisclosed units. On Wednesday he visited, Naval War College, Naval High School, the Northern Naval Area Command and the Naval Education and Training Command. The was accompanied by Admiral Murat Bilgel, commander of Turkish Naval Forces.

2) According to Turkish media 4 frigates and one submarine sailed through the Dardanelles and moved in the Mediterranean. The same news appeared in a number of paper and online publications with very minor differences but as all copied from the same source non was able to tell the pennant numbers of the frigates or the names of the ships. I am even suspicious if the ships were really frigates as most of the media reporters cannot tell the difference. But in the aftermath of the artillery duels across the Turkish – Syrian border and the authorization of the deployment of troops for cross-border military action by Turkish parliament it is safe to assume that the mentioned  ships were really frigates.

3) A single submarine passing thought the Dardanelles towards the Mediterranean on Tuesday was identified as S-358 TCG Çanakkale.

4) The frigate F-495 TCG Gediz is in Tunisia, conducting a good will visit as part of NATO’s Standing Nato Maritime Group 2 (SNMG2).

Turkish Navy Naval Parade In Dardanelles

Just like the last year, on 18 March 2012, Turkish Navy organized a naval parade in Dardanelles, to commemorate the 97th anniversary of the victory against the Allied Fleet in 18 March 1915.

Last year it was a 25 hours round trip to Çanakkale for me, but this year it was a family event for the whole weekend.

Following ships took part in the parade:

F-240 TCG Yavuz. She did not take part in the parade but was open for public visiting.

F-243 TCG Yıldırım

F-244 TCG Barbaros

F-245 TCG Oruçreis

F-246 TCG Salihreis

M-270 TCG Akçay

P-330 TCG Kılıç

P-332 TCG Mızrak

P-336 TCG Zıpkın

P-338 TCG Bora

SG-4 TCSG-4

SG-85 TCSG-85

SG-91 TCSG-91

SG-303 TCSG-303

SG-308 TCSG-308

SG-312 TCSG-312

SG-508 TCSG-508

>Turkish Navy Naval Parade In Dardanelles

>On Friday, 18 March 2011, to commemorate the 96th anniversary of the victory against the Allied Fleet in 18 March 1915,  Turkish Navy organized a naval parade in Dardanelles.

It meant a 25 hours round trip to Çanakkale for me, to watch the parade, take photos of the participating ships and return home.

But it was worth it and it was fun.

Following ships took part in the parade:

F-245 TCG Oruçreis

F-244 TCG Barbaros

F-240 TCG Yavuz

F-495 TCG Gediz with MK-41 VLS

P-338 TCG Atak

P-331 TCG Kalkan

P-330 TCG Kılıç

SG-312 TCSG-312 with STAMP

SG-308 TCSG-308 with STAMP

SG-93 TCSG-93

SG-94 TCSG-94

Additionally, I was able to take photos of the following ships and vessels:

209 Type 1200 class submarine 

209 Type 1100 class submarine

F-243 TCG Yıldırım

SG-4 TCSG-4

SG-15 TCSG-15

SG-16 TCSG-16

SG-84 TCSG-84

Y-161 TCG Öncü

For the photos of a similar naval pared from last year, click HERE.

>The Legendary Mine Layer Nusret, In Active Duty Again!

>

N-16 TCG Nusret

There are a few ships, that directly influenced the history. The small minelayer Nusret is one of them. Perhaps the smallest of them.

She was a German built mine layer in service of Ottoman Navy when she laid 20 new mines to a bay which was used previously cleared by Allied mine sweepers. This bay was used to maneuver Allied battleships when they were bombarding the forts along Dardanelles at the beginning of March 1915.

These latest mines of Nusret were laid parallel to the shore as an exception.

On 18 March 1915 when the Allied Armada forced her way up the Dardanelles, everything seem to be on their  side. until at around 14:00 a small cloud of yellowish smoke, which turned black afterwards, came out of the starboard quarter of the Bouvet. This old French battleship had struck a mine. One of the mines laid ten day ago by Nusret. Bouvet sank in a very short time.

A few hours later first HMS Inflexible and shortly  later HMS Irresistible struck to same mines from Nusret.

Of the 16 capital ships that sailed in the Dardanelles that morning HMS Ocean, HMS Irresistible and Bouvet never returned. HMS Inflexible and Gaulios had to be beached at the near by small island in order to be rescued. Suffren heavily damaged by Turkish guns had to be docked at Malta for intensive repairs..

Winston Churchill defined those mines as the reason for the prolonging of the war and the enormous casualties, in the interview he made with “Revue de Paris,” in 1930.

The original Nusret was sold to a private company after her decommissioning from Turkish Navy in 1962. An unprecedented example of bureaucratic myopia and stupidity. She was used till late 80′ies when she sunk in Mersin Harbor. She was salvaged and bought by the Municipality of  Tarsus and restored. But as she was not  seaworthy anymore, she was placed on land.

Turkish Navy constructed a copy of the Nusret in Gölcük Naval Shipyard and launched her in September 2010. She was commissioned into the Turkish Navy on 11 February 2011 with the pennant number N-16.

N-16 TCG Nusret. A sailing legend.

Earlier this month she cruised under her own power from Gölcük to Çanakkale where she will serve as a floating museum. She took part in the remembrance and celebration of the victory against the Allied Fleet in 18 March 1915.

I wish her calm seas and friendly winds.

>USS Gonzales Is In The Black Sea

>Arleigh Burke class US Navy destroyer DDG-66 USS Gonzales passed through the Dardanelles on 28 November 2010.

http://www.haberler.com/video-haber/iframe/video.asp?id=2384649

Haberajans.com is the source of the video above.

USS Gonzales can stay 21 days in the Black Sea as Montreux Convention dictates. According to news reports she entered the straits at around 14:00 and ended her transit after 90 minutes. She was escorted by Turkish Coast Guard Boat TCSG-84 during her voyage.

>Lest We Forget: The Gallipoli Campaign.

>Yesterday and today many Turks, Australians and New Zealanders commemorate the Gallipoli wars and the death.

It was clear to the Allied commanders, after their attempt to force the Dardanelles by the naval alone, failed dramatically in 18 March; ground troops were needed to silence the Turkish defenses along the strait.

On the dawn of 25th April after more a month of preparation and planning British, French and ANZAC troops landed on the beach on Gallipoli and Anatolia. This was the beginning of the one of the gruesome campaigns of the First World War.

For the next 8 and half months over 200.000 soldiers of all participants were either killed, wounded, hospitalized by illness or went missing.

The Gallipoli wars were particularly important for Turks, Australians and New Zealanders. Although the ANZAC came to our home as invaders there is a special bond between these nations. Long forgotten are the atrocities of the war. Every year thousands of Aussies and Kiwis come to Çanakkale and visit the battleground and attend the dawn service in Anzac Cove (now this is the official name of the cove). I do not know any other commemoration where two former enemies join to remember their fallen soldiers.

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, who personally fought against the ANZAC’s in Gallipoli, later wrote in 1934 for his former advisories the following words:

Those heroes that shed their blood and lost their lives… You are now lying in the soil of a friendly country. Therefore rest in peace. There is no difference between the Johnnies and the Mehmets to us where they lie side by side now here in this country of ours… you, the mothers, who sent their sons from faraway countries wipe away your tears; your sons are now lying in our bosom and are in peace. After having lost their lives on this land. They have become our sons as well.

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