Will TKMS Pay Penalty For the Delays In Reis Class Construction Project?

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This presentation by TKMS shows the local Turkish content in the upcoming Type214TN submarines. which is substantial compared to the previous submarine construction projects.

The German newspaper Handelsblatt run a story about the penalty to be paid by German submarine constructor Thyssen Krupp Marine Systems (TKMS) to Turkey. The reason for this payment is the delay in, construction of 6 Type 214 TN submarines Turkey as agreed to buy From TKMS in 2009.

On 2 July 2009, a contract was signed between Turkey and Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft GmbH (HDW), Kiel, a company of TKMS, and MarineForce International LLP (MFI), London, for the delivery of six material packages for the construction of Class 214 submarines which are now called as the Reis class.

The value of the contract is estimated as 2,5 billion €. There is %80 offset agreement. The submarines will be built in Gölcük Naval Shipyard where 11 submarines of Type 209, were previously built. According to the original contract terms the construction was to start in 2011, and the first sub delivered in 2015.

The reasons for the delay of the construction is both technical and commercial.

The technical delay is related to the much reported to the stability problems the Type 214 submarines experienced. The stability problem was one of the main reasons why Greek Navy refused to accept its first Type 214 HS Papanikolis years ago in the first place. The solution to the stability problem by TKMS was to add weights to certain places in the submarine in order to create a stability. But Turkish Navy was not satisfied with this come up with its own solution where the center of gravity of the submarine was relocated,by adding extending the length of the submarine. The solution has to be validated by TKMS and this is one of the delay in the project. This also means that Turkish Navy is working seriously in submarine design and problems associated with it.  In the end Turkish Type 214 submarines will be a few meters longer than the other nations Type 214 submarines.

The Type 214 construction project is the last project where Turkish Navy will construct a submarine to a foreign design and subsystems. It is not a secret that the next submarines constructed by Turkish Navy will be local design with most of the critical components ans sub systems produced with local input. It is not surprising to see the large Turkish industrial participation in the Type 214 project as this project is regarded as preparation phase for the Milli Denizaltı  (Milden). Milli Denizaltı means National Submarine in Turkish. So it is understandable for the Germans to drag their feet in the Type 214 project especially when they know that this is the last of its kind.

A New Missile For Turkish Naval Helicopters

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This is a photo of a Turkish S-72B Sea Hawk helicopter firing a missile. There are many things, one can say about this photo.

The special 100th Anniversary Logo of the Turkish Naval Aviation is painted on the side of the fuselage dates the photo to 2014.

The usual missile armament of Turkish Navy helicopter are Penguin Mk2 and AGM-114K Hellfire II missiles. The bright red color of the missile indicates that it is not a serial production unit. Thus this must be a photo of a test firing of a missile in development for Turkish Navy helicopters.

There are some speculative information on Turkish websites that this missile might the a naval version of the Mızrak long-range anti tank missile developed by Roketsan.

If this photo turns out indeed to be a test firing of a navalized version of Mızrak, then the missile may have an Imaging Infra-Red (IIR) seeker  and a range longer than 15 km. These features will enable to helicopter to stay out of the range of SAM missiles her target may be carrying.

 

TCG Büyükada Sets Sail For Indian Ocean

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It will be spring when they return.

 

Today, on a sunny winter day, with a solemn ceremony the Ada class corvette F-512 TCG Büyükada set sail to the Indian Ocean.

On board are one S-72B Seahawk helicopter, tail number TCB-69, one naval special forces team and 124 sailors.

During this 87 day deployment, TCG Büyükada will join the task force CTF-151 and conduct anti-piracy patrols in Gulf of Aden and off the coast of Somalia.

The warship will participate Pakistani led naval exercise AMAN 2015 and Kuwaiti exercise Eagles 2015.

With this deployment of TCG Büyükada, Turkey wants to increase its presence in the region and develop good working relationship with local navies. Another obvious aim of the deployment is to present and show the Ada class corvette to other navies planning of purchasing similar warships. Showing the flag, increasing the presence and bolstering defence export opportunities are classic usage of naval forces.

The corvette is expected to arrive back in Turkey on 15 April 2015.
More photos from the farewell ceremony:

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The executive officer of TCG Büyükada, Lieutenant Commander Toker, with his family.

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TCG Büyükada ready for the deployment.

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The crew of TCG Büyükada waiting for the order to man the ship.

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The commanding officer of TCG Büyükada, Lieutenant Commander Baysal delivering his speech.

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The commanding officer of TCG Büyükada, Lieutenant Commander Baysal

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The Politics Of Not Transferring Ships To Turkey (Which Are Not Needed Anyway)

TCG Gediz with her new Smart Mk2 3D radar

TCG Gediz with her new Smart Mk2 3D radar and Mk-41 VLS. 

The US Congress passed the Naval Vessel Transfer Act of 2013. With this act the President of USA is authorized to sell or to grant decommissioned US Navy warships to other countries.

Usually the US Congress passes one Naval Transfer Act (NTA) once or twice in every legislation. And in each NTA certain warships and their prospective recipients are mentioned. Please mind that NTA is simply an authorization of US President by the Congress to offer these warships. The NTA does not means that the received recipients will accept this offer at the end.

In previous Naval Transfers Act of years 2005, 2006, 2007, 2012 Turkey has been offered  many ships from small mine hunters to large destroyers, by USA. And Turkey has not accepted any of these offers.

In previous Naval Transfers Act of years 2003, 2008 Turkey was not offered any warships.

I have a difficult time to understand the fuss around the omission of Turkey from Naval Transfer Act 2013. I guess some cheap politicians are trying to make some cheap gains by making something out of nothing.

But the inclusion of Turkey proved controversial, as members of Congress pointed out Turkey’s increasingly hostile stance toward Israel and its threats against natural gas exploration by American companies near Cyprus. “I believe we should hold off on sending powerful warships to Turkey and encourage the government in Ankara to take a less belligerent approach to their neighbors,” said Representative Eliot Engel during that debate.

But if the US lawmakers tried to give some kind of a signal to the Turkish government by not adding Turkey to the list of the nations that may get a frigate is beyond my understanding. But if they did; the message was not delivered as the medium is not the correct one. And what was the messages in year 2003 and 2008 where no warships have been offered to Turkey?

Anyway, I do not think that any ship that US is prepared to transfer to Turkey is not powerful compared to what Turkish Navy operates.

Below is a comparison chart between the Gabya/Perry class frigates operated by both navies:

Turkish Navy (Gabya) US Navy (Perry)
Mk-13 launcher capable of firing SM-1 Standard SAM and Harpoon ASM missiles + -
Mk-41 VLS capable of firing ESSM SAM missiles (with a potential of SM-2 Standard SAM) + -
Integrated, modern combat management system + -
3D air search radar + -
Additional 25mm gun - +

Turkish frigates have more punch, better sensors and a up-to-date combat management system compared to their counterparts in US Navy service.

The only reason I can think, why Turkish Navy would want to have an old Perry class frigate from US Navy service is, to cannibalize it to provide spare parts to ours. But thank fully Perry class frigates are used besides USA, by Australia, Bahrain, Egypt, Pakistan, Poland, Spain, Turkey. Thus finding spare parts is not all to difficult.

As I have already told, the lack of the warships especially Perry class frigates from NTA 2013, will not have any effect on the Turkish Navy at all from a technical point of view. On the contrary, we do not have to spend money and man power which are also needed for our ongoing local warship production projects. USA might be transferring warships to its allies but the ships have to be overhauled in US shipyards as NTA dictates, which means the allies have to transfer money to USA.

TCG Giresun Received Her New Radar And Missile Launcher

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TCG Giresun passing through the Bosphorus. Note her new Smart Mk2 3D radar and MK41 VLS system. Photo: Yörük Işık. Used with permission.

The Gabya (ex Perry) class frigate F-491 TCG Giresun seems to have gotten her new radar and vertical launcher. She is the last ship to received this upgrade.

The new Thales SMART-S Mk2 3D radar replaced the incumbent AN/SPS-49(V)4 radar which was 2D. The addition of 8 cell Mk41 in the forecastle increased the range and the number of the anti-air missiles carried on board. The Mk41 will hold ESSM missiles. while the Mk13 keep housing the SM-1 Standard missiles.

TCG Giresun is the fourth and final ship to undergo through this modernization. The other three are F-495 TCG Gediz, F-496 TCG Gökova, F-497 TCG Göksu.

TCG Saldıray Decommissioned

TCG Saldıray on her final cruise.

TCG Saldıray on her final cruise. Photo: Official Turkish Navy photo.

Today, Turkish Navy announced the retirement of Atılay class (209 Type 1200) submarine TCG Saldıray.

TCG Saldıray was the second of her class and was built in Kiel Germany. She was launched in 1974 and commissioned in Turkish Navy in 1977. There were news about an explosion in her, while she was in Gölcük Naval base. But these stories were never ever commented by Turkish Navy.  Earlier this year she took part in Beyaz Fırtına 2014 naval exercise and fired a torpedo to a target ship.

On 14 November 2014, her final day in commission, she made a farewell cruise with her active and former crew.

We thank TCG Saldıray and her crew for serving us 37 years.

UPDATED: Mavi Balina Anti Submarine Warfare Exercise Starts Tomorrow

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TCG Batıray as seen in August 2014 in Istanbul. She is one of 4 Turkish submarines taking part in Mavi Balina ASW exercise.

I have updated and completed the list of the participating units:

F-494 TCG Gökçeada Frigate Turkey
F-495 TCG Gediz Frigate Turkey
F-497 TCG Göksu Frigate Turkey
F-511 TCG Heybeliada Corvette Turkey
F-512 TCG Büyükada Corvette Turkey
S-347 TCG Atılay Submarine Turkey
S-349 TCG Batıray Submarine Turkey
S-356 TCG Anafartalar Submarine Turkey
S-358 TCG Çanakkale Submarine Turkey
A-595 TCG Yarbay Kudret Güngör Tanker Turkey
F-247 TCG Kemalreis Frigate Turkey
F-208 FGS Niedersachsen Frigate Germany
FFH-333 HMCS Toronto Frigate Canada
CG-55 USS Leyte Gulf Cruiser USA
F-102 ESPS Almirante Juan De Borbón Frigate Spain
F-84 ESPS Reina Sofia Frigate Spain
DDG-67 USS Cole Destroyer USA
FFG-260 PNS Alamgir Frigate Pakistan
S-90 HMS Torbay Submarine United kingdom

According to Turkish Navy besides the above listed units one rapid analysis team from NATO MARCOM and observers from Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Chile, Georgia, Kuwait, Lebanon will participate in the exercise.

Mavi Balina Anti Submarine Warfare Exercise Starts Tomorrow

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Turkish Navy announced that the Mavi Balina Naval Exercise will start on 6 November 2014.

The naval exercise will be conducted in Eastern Mediterranean till 14 November 2014. The aim of the exercise is to provide the participants with submarine warfare and anti submarine warfare training.

Besides warships and submarines at least 7 ASW planes 9 ASW helicopters are going to take part in Mavi Balina too.
The below is the list of the participating warships and submarines:

F- TCG XXX Frigate Turkey
F- TCG XXX Frigate Turkey
F- TCG XXX Frigate Turkey
F-512 TCG Heybeliada Corvette Turkey
F- TCG XXX Corvette Turkey
S- TCG XXX Submarine Turkey
S- TCG XXX Submarine Turkey
S- TCG XXX Submarine Turkey
S- TCG XXX Submarine Turkey
A-595 TCG Yarbay Kudret Güngör Tanker Turkey
F-247 TCG Kemalreis Frigate Turkey
F-208 FGS Niedersachsen Frigate Germany
FFH-333 HMCS Toronto Frigate Canada
CG-55 USS Leyte Gulf Cruiser USA
F-102 ESPS Almirante Juan De Borbón Frigate Spain
F-84 ESPS Reina Sofia Frigate Spain
DDG-67 USS Cole Destroyer USA
FFG-260 PNS Alamgir Frigate Pakistan
S-90 HMS Torbay Submarine United kingdom

According to Turkish Navy besides the above listed units one rapid analysis team from NATO MARCOM and observers from Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Chile, Georgia, Kuwait, Lebanon will participate in the exercise.

Turkish Navy Submarine Rescue Operation

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The Atmospheric Diving Suit being lowered into the sea. Photo: AA

Last week Turkish Navy demonstrated its underwater search and rescue capabilities by using an atmospheric diving suit (ADS).

According to the training scenario the Atılay class submarine TCG Dolunay at a dept of 100 meters, released her distress buoy 13 miles off the coast of Mediterranean city Mersin . When the news of the distresses submarine reached the HQ of the Salvage Command of Turkish Navy the ADS , its pilot and the support crew were flown to İncirlik Air Force base in Adana. From here they were brought to Mersin harbor and loaded to the tug A-590 TCG İnebolu.

When TCG İnebolu arrived to the location of the distressed submarine, the ADS was lowered to the submarine. The pilot inside ADS connected fresh air supply from the surface to the submarine. The circulation of the fresh and used air is vital for the bottomed submarine until further rescue equipment arrives to the scene.

The ADS known as Hardsuit Quantum 1200 by its manufacturer,  Oceanworks, is in operation since 2007 and can operate till 365 meter of depth.  Although it is very risky to submerge a person to such depths having a human on the scene can have some advantages over using ROVs. A similar ADS with a higher depth rating (600m) will be on board  of the submarine rescue mother ship (MOSHIP) A-601 TCG Alemdar when she is commissioned.

Here is a nice video of ADS at work:

Turkish Navy Day

The Turkish Navy is having a really big party at the weekend to celebrate the Navy Day and to commemorate the Battle of Prevesa.

40 warships of various types will be open for public in 16 different cities.

The whole list of activities is long and can be found here.

The following ships and boats will be open to public:

Number Name Type City
A-1542 Söndüren 2 Tug Aksaz
P-1202 Köyceğiz Patrol Boat Aksaz
P-1208 Kaş Patrol Boat Aksaz
P-141 Yunus 1 Patrol Boat Aksaz
S-356 Anafartalar Submarine Amasra
F-493 Gelibolu Frigate Antalya
F-500 Bozcaada Corvette Bozcaada
P-1203 Kumkale Patrol Boat Çanakkale
P-1205 Karabiga Patrol Boat Çanakkale
P-1210 Türkeli Patrol Boat Çanakkale
M-262 Enez Mine Hunter Erdek
M-269 Anamur Mine Hunter Erdek
M-270 Akçay Mine Hunter Erdek
M-502 Fatsa Mine Sweeper Erdek
M-517 Sapanca Mine Sweeper Erdek
P-347 Fırtına Fast Attack Craft Fethiye
F-501 Bodrum Corvette Foça
F-502 Bandırma Corvette Foça
P-1206 Karşıyaka Patrol Boat Foça
P-340 Doğan Fast Attack Craft Foça
P-341 Martı Fast Attack Craft Foça
P-342 Tayfun Fast Attack Craft Foça
P-348 Yıldız Fast Attack Craft Foça
P-332 Mızrak Fast Attack Craft Gazimagosa
F-494 Gökçeada Frigate Gökçeada
A-595 Yb. Kudret Güngör Tanker Gölcük
F-240 Yavuz Frigate Gölcük
F-246 Salihreis Frigate Gölcük
F-493 Gökova Frigate Gölcük
P-330 Kılıç Fast Attack Craft Gölcük
S-349 Batıray Submarine Gölcük
S-355 18 Mart Submarine Gölcük
F-242 Fatih Frigate İstanbul
P-1200 Tuzla Patrol Boat İstanbul
P-1207 Tekirdağ Patrol Boat İstanbul
S-353 Preveze Submarine Karadeniz Ereğlisi
S-357 Gür Submarine Karadeniz Ereğlisi
F-505 Bafra Corvette Mersin
P-333 Tufan Fast Attack Craft Sinop
F-497 Göksu Frigate Trabzon
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