Russian Warship Movements Through Turkish Straits (Part 47)

Yesterday, on 17 April 2014,  3 Ropucha class landing ships have made a southbound passage trough Bosphorus. Either Mr. Assad is in dire need for Russian supplies and weapons or this is a diversion attempt from the Ukrainian crises.

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Russian warship 127 Minsk making a southbound passage through Bosphorus. Photo: Yörük Işık. Used with permission.

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Russian warship 142 Novocharkassk making a southbound passage through Bosphorus. Photo: Yörük Işık. Used with permission.

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Russian warship 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets making a southbound passage through Bosphorus. Photo: Yörük Işık. Used with permission.

 

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Russian warship 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets making a southbound passage through Bosphorus

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Russian warship 127 Minsk making a southbound passage through Bosphorus. Photo: Yasemin Dora. Used with permission.

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Russian warship 127 Minsk making a southbound passage through Bosphorus. Photo: Kerim Bozkurt. Used with permission.

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Russian warship 142 Novocharkassk making a southbound passage through Bosphorus.

The list of Russian warship movements in 2014:

Date Number Name Direction
02/01/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Northbound
02/01/14 156 Yamal Northbound
18/01/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Southbound
18/01/14 151 Azov Southbound
27/01/14 102 Kaliningrad Southbound
01/02/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Northbound
01/02/14 151 Azov Northbound
07/02/14 810 Smetlivy Northbound
10/02/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Southbound
10/02/14 151 Azov Southbound
20/02/14 150 Saratov Southbound
20/02/14 156 Yamal Southbound
26/02/14 102 Kaliningrad Northbound
26/02/14 127 Minsk Northbound
04/03/14 150 Saratov Northbound
04/03/14 156 Yamal Northbound
23/03/14 012 Olenegorskiy Gorniak Southbound
23/03/14 102 Kaliningrad Southbound
23/03/14 127 Minsk Southbound
03/04/14 012 Olenegorskiy Gorniak Northbound
03/04/14 102 Kaliningrad Southbound
10/04/14 150 Saratov Southbound
10/04/14 156 Yamal Southbound
11/04/14 138 PM-138 Southbound
12/04/14 MB-304 MB-304 Southbound
17/04/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Southbound
17/04/14 127 Minsk Southbound
17/04/14 142 Novocharkassk Southbound

I have archived the list of the Russian ship movements in 2013.

Russian Warship Movements Through Turkish Straits (Part 46)

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Russian repair ship PM-138 passing through Bosphorus. Photo: Yörük Işık. Used with permission.

On 11 April 2014, Friday the Amur class repair ship from Russian Black Sea Fleet PM-138 passed through Bosphorus on her Syrian deployment. This means that PM-56 currently stationed in Tartus Syria will be returning home soon.

The list of Russian warship movements in 2014:

Date Number Name Direction
02/01/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Northbound
02/01/14 156 Yamal Northbound
18/01/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Southbound
18/01/14 151 Azov Southbound
27/01/14 102 Kaliningrad Southbound
01/02/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Northbound
01/02/14 151 Azov Northbound
07/02/14 810 Smetlivy Northbound
10/02/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Southbound
10/02/14 151 Azov Southbound
20/02/14 150 Saratov Southbound
20/02/14 156 Yamal Southbound
26/02/14 102 Kaliningrad Northbound
26/02/14 127 Minsk Northbound
04/03/14 150 Saratov Northbound
04/03/14 156 Yamal Northbound
23/03/14 012 Olenegorskiy Gorniak Southbound
23/03/14 102 Kaliningrad Southbound
23/03/14 127 Minsk Southbound
03/04/14 012 Olenegorskiy Gorniak Northbound
03/04/14 102 Kaliningrad Southbound
10/04/14 150 Saratov Southbound
10/04/14 156 Yamal Southbound
11/04/14 138 PM-138 Southbound
12/04/14 MB-304 MB-304 Southbound

I have archived the list of the Russian ship movements in 2013.

Turkish Warship Movements Through Bosphorus

These are the photos from the passages of Turkish warships through Bosphorus in the last 10 days.

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Unidentified Turkish Preveze or Gür class submarine making a southbound passage through Bosphorus as she was returning from Deniz Yıldızı 2104 naval exercise on 11 April 2014. Photo: Yörük Işık. Used with permission.

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Turkish frigate F-244 TCG Barbaros making a southbound passage through Bosphorus as she was returning from Deniz Yıldızı 2104 naval exercise on 11 April 2014. Photo: Yörük Işık. Used with permission.

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The frigates F-247 TCG Kemalreis and F-241 TCG Fatih on a northbound passage through Bosphorus on 7 April 2014. They are deploying for her Deniz Yıldızı 2014 naval exercise. Photo: Kerim Bozkurt. Used With Permission

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The frigate F-247 TCG Kemalireis on a northbound passage through Bosphorus on 7 April 2014. She is deploying for her Deniz Yıldızı 2014 naval exercise. Photo: Kerim Bozkurt. Used With Permission

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The mine hunter M-517 TCG Sapanca and the frigate F-246 TCG Salihreis on a northbound passage through Bosphorus on 7 April 2014. They are deploying for her Deniz Yıldızı 2014 naval exercise. Photo: Kerim Bozkurt. Used With Permission

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The mine hunter M-516 TCG Sigacık, on a northbound passage through Bosphorus on 7 April 2014. She is on her way for her Deniz Yıldızı 2014 naval exercise deployment. Photo: Kerim Bozkurt. Used With Permission

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A-579 TCG Cezayirli Gazi Hasan Paşa on a northbound passage through Bosphorus on 6 April 2014. She is on her way for her Deniz Yıldızı 2014 naval exercise deployment. Photo: Kerim Bozkurt. Used With Permission.

FS Dupuy de Lôme Passed Through Turkish Straits

Today the French intelligence collection ship FS Dupuy de Lôme passed through Turkish Straits too, following the US destroyer USS Donald Cook.

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French spy ship FS Dupuy de Lôme passing through the Bosphorus. Photo: Kerim Bozkurt. Used with permission.

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French spy ship FS Dupuy de Lôme passing through the Bosphorus. Photo: Kerim Bozkurt. Used with permission.

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French spy ship FS Dupuy de Lôme passing through the Bosphorus. Photo: Kerim Bozkurt. Used with permission.

The French Navy has been usually active in last couple of weeks in this region:

On 28 March 2014, FS Alizé, diving support ship used by the French external intelligence agency passed through Turkish Straits. She took part in a naval exercise in Varna, Bulgaria. I have no idea about her present whereabouts, but she could be still in the Black Sea.

On 7 April 2014, FS Var, replenishment tanker arrived in Marmaris for a 3 day port visit.

On 14 April 2014 we expect the destroyer FS Dupleix to pass through the Turkish Straits.

But by far the intelligence gathering ship FS Dupuy de Lôme will be the most controversial one. She is fitted with COMINT and ELINT equipment.  Her helicopter pad might be used to launch and recover unmanned air vehicles which can carry additional intelligence gathering sensors. According to Jane’s Fighting Ship,  the ship is available for 350 days a year and active for 240 days.

May be France is better in making strategic communication at a level that can be correctly interpreted by Russians by sending two spy ships to the back yard of the Russians.

USS Donald Cook Passed Through Turkish Straits

Today the long-awaited US warship, Arleigh Burke class destroyer DDG-75 USS Donald Cook passed through Turkish Straits.

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Arleigh Burke class (Flight II) class destroyer DDG-75 USS Donald Cook passing through Bosphorus. Photo: Kerim Bozkurt. Used with permission.

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Arleigh Burke class (Flight II) class destroyer DDG-75 USS Donald Cook passing through Bosphorus. Photo: Kerim Bozkurt. Used with permission.

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Arleigh Burke class (Flight II) class destroyer DDG-75 USS Donald Cook passing through Bosphorus. Photo: Kerim Bozkurt. Used with permission.

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Arleigh Burke class (Flight II) class destroyer DDG-75 USS Donald Cook passing through Bosphorus. Photo: Kerim Bozkurt. Used with permission.

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Arleigh Burke class (Flight II) class destroyer DDG-75 USS Donald Cook passing through Bosphorus. Photo: Yörük Işık. Used with permission.

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Arleigh Burke class (Flight II) class destroyer DDG-75 USS Donald Cook passing through Bosphorus. Photo: Yörük Işık. Used with permission.

She has entered to the Dardanelles at 07.00 in the morning and passed through Bosphorus at 16.00.

She is the second warship USA has send to the Black Sea since the start of the Crimean crisis. The other ship was DDG-103 USS Truxtun.

The Russian Foreign Ministry is fuming against Turkey over the practice of the Montreux Convention. But I remember very well back in 2008 they were praising Turkey over the practice of Montreux Convention when due to technical limitations US Navy hospital ships were not allowed to pass through Turkish Straits.

The arrival of a new US Navy warship to the Black Sea will not make things easier and she is not only non-Black Sea Navy ship in the region. The French warship FS Alizé is  believed still to be in the Black Sea and today the French ELINT/SIGINT ship FS Dupuy de Lôme also passed through the Bosphorus.

And there are still 7 frigates, 1 corvette, 2 submarines, 8 fast attack craft, 1 mine hunter, 3 auxiliaries of Turkish Navy in the Black Sea. These units have not returned from the Deniz Yıldızı 2014 exercise yet.

Russian Warship Movements Through Turkish Straits (Part 45)

Russian warship Yamal passing through the Dardanelles. Photo: DHA.

Russian warship Yamal passing through the Dardanelles. Photo: DHA.

Yesterday, two Russian landing ships, the Alligator class 150 Saratov and Ropucha class 156 Yamal have passed through Dardanelles as they going for their Syrian Express deployment.

The list of Russian warship movements in 2014:

Date Number Name Direction
02/01/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Northbound
02/01/14 156 Yamal Northbound
18/01/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Southbound
18/01/14 151 Azov Southbound
27/01/14 102 Kaliningrad Southbound
01/02/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Northbound
01/02/14 151 Azov Northbound
07/02/14 810 Smetlivy Northbound
10/02/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Southbound
10/02/14 151 Azov Southbound
20/02/14 150 Saratov Southbound
20/02/14 156 Yamal Southbound
26/02/14 102 Kaliningrad Northbound
26/02/14 127 Minsk Northbound
04/03/14 150 Saratov Northbound
04/03/14 156 Yamal Northbound
23/03/14 012 Olenegorskiy Gorniak Southbound
23/03/14 102 Kaliningrad Southbound
23/03/14 127 Minsk Southbound
03/04/14 012 Olenegorskiy Gorniak Northbound
03/04/14 102 Kaliningrad Southbound
10/04/14 150 Saratov Southbound
10/04/14 156 Yamal Southbound

I have archived the list of the Russian ship movements in 2013.

Turkish Warships On Bosphorus

The last few days we were able to witness a couple of Turkish warships on Bosphorus.

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A-579 TCG Cezayirli Hasan Paşa Photo: Yörük Işık. Used with permission.

The Rhein class tender, A-579 TCG Cezayirli Hasan Paşa is a ship with many missions. She and her sister TCG Sokullu Mehmet Paşa are used for the training cruises of midshipmen of Turkish Naval Academy. The two ships are also employed as flagships of fleets when necessary. TCG Cezayirli Hasan Paşa was the flag ship of NATO’s SNMCMG-2 in 2012.

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TCG Ç-138

TCG Ç-138 is one of the 13 landing craft build in 80′sand 90′s. The older landing craft is being replaced by the newer generation which is almost 10 knots faster than these old workhorses.

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P-305 TCG Ağ-5

TCG Ağ-5 stated her life as a boom vessel in 1960. She was constructed in Germany by US funding for Turkish Navy. Since anti submarine nets are soo out dated this ship is used for miscellaneous duties.

Russian Warship Movements Through Turkish Straits (Part 44)

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012 Olenegorskiy Gorniak passing through the Bosphorus. Photo: Kerim Bozkurt. Used with permission.

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012 Olenegorskiy Gorniak passing through the Bosphorus. Photo: Kerim Bozkurt. Used with permission.

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102 Kaliningrad passing through the Bosphorus. Photo: Kerim Bozkurt. Used with permission.

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102 Kaliningrad passing through the Bosphorus. Photo: Kerim Bozkurt. Used with permission.

This morning in the early hours, two Russian Ropucha class landing ships 102 Kaliningrad from Baltic Fleet and 012 Olenegorskiy Gorniak from Northern Fleet have passed through Bosphorus as they were returning from their Syrian Express deployment.

Both ship made their southbound passage through Bosphorus on 23 March 2014.

The list of Russian warship movements in 2014:

Date Number Name Direction
02/01/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Northbound
02/01/14 156 Yamal Northbound
18/01/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Southbound
18/01/14 151 Azov Southbound
27/01/14 102 Kaliningrad Southbound
01/02/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Northbound
01/02/14 151 Azov Northbound
07/02/14 810 Smetlivy Northbound
10/02/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Southbound
10/02/14 151 Azov Southbound
20/02/14 150 Saratov Southbound
20/02/14 156 Yamal Southbound
26/02/14 102 Kaliningrad Northbound
26/02/14 127 Minsk Northbound
04/03/14 150 Saratov Northbound
04/03/14 156 Yamal Northbound
23/03/14 012 Olenegorskiy Gorniak Southbound
23/03/14 102 Kaliningrad Southbound
23/03/14 127 Minsk Southbound
03/04/14 012 Olenegorskiy Gorniak Northbound
03/04/14 102 Kaliningrad Southbound

I have archived the list of the Russian ship movements in 2013.

Russian Warship Movements Through Turkish Straits (Part 43)

As the Russian landing ship were busily occupied in transporting Russian military units to Crime they have remained in the Black Sea. Therefore there has been less to report about their passage to the Mediterranean.

On 23 March 2014 , the Ropucha class landing ship of Russian Northern Fleet, 012 Olenegorskiy Gorniak made a sound bound passage through the Bosphorus.

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012 Olenegorskiy Gorniak passing through the Bosphorus. Photo: Mrs. Eser Çelebiler. Used with permission.

The list of Russian warship movements in 2014:

Date Number Name Direction
02/01/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Northbound
02/01/14 156 Yamal Northbound
18/01/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Southbound
18/01/14 151 Azov Southbound
27/01/14 102 Kaliningrad Southbound
01/02/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Northbound
01/02/14 151 Azov Northbound
07/02/14 810 Smetlivy Northbound
10/02/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Southbound
10/02/14 151 Azov Southbound
20/02/14 150 Saratov Southbound
20/02/14 156 Yamal Southbound
26/02/14 102 Kaliningrad Northbound
26/02/14 127 Minsk Northbound
04/03/14 150 Saratov Northbound
04/03/14 156 Yamal Northbound
23/03/14 012 Olenegorskiy Gorniak Southbound

I have archived the list of the Russian ship movements in 2013.

A Submarine Sighted

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A Turkish Type 209/1400 Preveze/Gür class submarine passing through the Bosphorus

Today on 19 March  2014, in the early morning hours, one Turkish Type 209 / 1400 class submarine sailed through Bosphorus to Marmara Sea. I want to hope that she has spent very busy days back in the Black Sea monitoring all the naval traffic and gathering intelligence. 

Since Turkish Navy stopped painting the pennant number of the submarines on their hulls, it is impossible to identify each individual submarine anymore. While this new painting scheme helps the submarines to blend and prevents IR/FLIR/LLTV using trackers or electro-optic directors any high contrast target, it makes ship spotting difficult.

With 6 Type 209/1200, 4 Type 209/1400 and 4 Modified Type 209/1400 class submarines in service, Turkey has the largest conventional submarine fleet in the NATO.

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