Nusret 2013 Mine Warfare Exercise Starts Today

The Nusret 2013 mine warfare exercise organised by Turkish Navy starts today in Çanakkale.

The exercise will end on 1 December 2013 and will be conducted in Saros Bay, east of Gallipoli peninsula.

According to Turkish Navy foreign participants are NATO mine warfare task force SNMCMG-2 and 1 mine hunter from Greece. From Turkish Navy one frigate, 4 mine hunters, 3 mine sweepers, 1 mine layer, 2 patrol boats, 1 mine retriever, 1 helicopter and one EOD team will participate. 3 patrol boats from the Turkish Coast Guards and planes from Turkish Air Force will also take part in the exercise.

Lest We Forget: The Minelayer Nusret.

nusretn16

TCG Nusret. A swimming replica of the original.

There are a few ships, that directly influenced the history. The small minelayer Nusret is one of them. Perhaps the smallest of them.

Today is the 98th anniversary of the victory of Turkish forces over the Allied Fleet in the Dardanelles. It is the proper time to remember this small minelayer constructed in Germany  in service of Ottoman Navy as the mines she has planted changes the course of the history.

Known as the Çanakkale Naval Victory, in Turkey, this battle effectively sunk (no pun indented) the hopes of the British Admiralty and Churchill to force the Turkish Straits and a quickly dash to Istanbul to occupy it. This Turkish victory forced the Allies to use ground force in order to bring Dardanelles under their control and led to the merciless Gallipoli Campaign.

Churchill realized that if Allies could eliminate Ottoman Empire from the war, they could help Russia via Black Sea and could pressure Central Powers from the east as well.

While the main of the British Army deeply entrench in Belgium and France and the most potent s capital ships loitering in the North Sea Allied Forces had few forces to spare for such a secondary and diversionary front.

The plan of the British Admiralty was to bombard the forts that were protecting the shores of Dardanelles to annihilation and later clean the mines to open the way for Allied warships to sail to Istanbul.

The order of the battle for the Allied fleet consisted of HMS Queen Elizabeth, HMS Agamemnon, HMS Lord Nelson, HMS Inflexible, HMS Prince George, HMS Triump,  HMS Ocean HMS Majestic HMS Swiftsure HMS Vengeance HMS Irresistible, HMS Albion from Royal Navy, Gaulois, Charlemange, Bouvet, Suffren from French Navy.

The fighting began at around 10:00 in the morning. Everything seem to be on the side of the Allied forces until at around 14:00 a small cloud of yellowish smoke, which turned black afterwards, came out of the starboard quarter of the Bouvet. She had struck a mine. The ship was in Erenköy Bay a part of the Strait previously cleared by Allied minesweepers and used by larger ships for maneuvering during previous engagements.

In the night of 8th March Nusret created a single line of 20 mines in the Erenköy Bay. This line was unique as she was parallel to the shore. This new single mine line consisting of 20 mines, changed the whole history.

During the heat of the action the Allied forces are not able to determine whether Bouvet hit a mine or was hit by a shell from a cannon ashore.

At 16:00 first HMS Inflexible, 5 minutes later HMS Irresistible struck to mines laid in Erenköy Bay. HMS Ocean was ordered to tow the now abandoned HMS Irresistible. But she too hit a mine at around 18:00, followed moments later by a shell that penetrated to a magazine below the water line.

Of the 16 capital ships that sailed in the Dardanelles that morning HMS Ocean, HMS Irresistible and Bouvet never returned. HMS Inflexible and Gaulios had to be beached at the near by small island in order to be rescued. Suffren heavily damaged by Turkish guns had to be docked at Malta for intensive repairs.

Winston Churchill defined those mines as the reason for the prolonging of the war and the enormous casualties, in the interview he made with “Revue de Paris,” in 1930.

This Turkish victory forced the Allies to use ground force to occupy the hills commanding Dardanelles in order to destroy the forts protecting the straits and mine fields. This campaign was too destined to be a defeat for the Allies.

Update On Nusret 12 And Mavi Balina 12 Exercises

The Mavi Balina 12 anti submarine warfare and Nusret 12 mine warfare exercises are continuing. The former is conducted in Eastern Mediterranean while the later is in Aegean Sea. My list of the order of battle for both exercises is still incomplete but I was able to get some help.

First I have received this photo. I thank my reader Mr Yıldırım for this photo.

A the superstructure of a sixth warship is visible at the right part of the photo. I am not able to tell exactly ship that is but I am confident that she is one of the two Rhein class tenders / training ships of the Turkish Navy A-577 TCG Sokullu Mehmet Paşa or A-579 TCG Cezayirli Hasan Paşa. TCG Sokullu Mehmet Paşa acted as the flagship of SNMCMG-2 earlier this year when the Turkish Navy was commanding the task force.

 Number Name Type Country
M-500 TCG Foça Mine Sweeper Turkey
M-501 TCG Fethiye Mine Sweeper Turkey
M-516 TCG Sığacık Mine Sweeper Turkey
M-1064 FGS Grömitz Mine Hunter Germany
M-5559 ITS Viareggo Mine Hunter Italy
M-111 HMS Blyth Mine Hunter UK
M-276 TCG Ayvalık Mine Hunter Turkey
A-57X TCG Unidentified Tender Turkey
M-61 HS Evniki Mine Hunter Greece

Second I have received this comment. I thank my reader Herr Leif for this information.

 Number Name Type Country
F-217 FGS Bayern Frigate Germany
F-570 ITS Maestrale Frigate Italy
F-495 TCG Gediz Frigate Turkey
DDG-98 USS Forrest Sherman Destroyer USA
F-252 PNS Shamsheer Frigate Pakistan
F-244  TCG Barbaros Frigate Turkey
Unidentified Turkey
Unidentified Turkey
S- Unidentified Submarine Turkey
S- Unidentified Submarine Turkey
S- Unidentified Submarine Turkey

About Nusret 12 And Mavi Balina 12 Exercises

Turkish Navy is conducting two naval exercises simultaneously. One is Nusret 2012 mine warfare exercise is held in the Aegean with the participation of NATO’s SNMCMG-2 and Turkish, Greek and US naval units. Below is the order of battle for this exercise as far as I could find.

 Number Name Type Country
M-500 TCG Foça Mine Sweeper Turkey
M-501 TCG Fethiye Mine Sweeper Turkey
M-516 TCG Sığacık Mine Sweeper Turkey
M-1064 FGS Grömitz Mine Hunter Germany
M-5559 ITS Viareggo Mine Hunter Italy
M-111 HMS Blyth Mine Hunter UK
M-276 TCG Ayvalık Mine Hunter Turkey
Unidentified USA
M-61 HS Evniki Mine Hunter Greece

The second naval exercise Mavi Balina 2012 is held in Eastern Mediterranean with the participation of NATO’s SNMG-2, Pakistani, US and Turkish naval units and airplanes. According to Turkish Navy the total number of participants is 8 surface units and 3 submarines. Below is the order of battle for this exercise as far as I could find.

 Number Name Type Country
F-217 FGS Bayern Frigate Germany
F-570 ITS Maestrale Frigate Italy
F-495 TCG Gediz Frigate Turkey
DDG-98 USS Forrest Sherman Destroyer USA
F-252 PNS Shamsheer Frigate Pakistan
Unidentified Turkey
Unidentified Turkey
Unidentified Turkey
S- Unidentified Submarine Turkey
S- Unidentified Submarine Turkey
S- Unidentified Submarine Turkey

Nusret 2012 Naval Warfare Exercise Will Start Tomorrow

On 5th November 2012 the mine warfare exercise organised by Turkish Navy Nusret 2012 will start in İzmir, Turkey.

In addition to Turkish naval,coast guard and air force units, NATO SNMCMG-2, US and Greek naval units will participate in the exercise which will end on 15th November 2012.

Observers from Azerbaijan, UAE, Georgia, Qatar, Kazakhstan, South Korea, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Oman will take part too.

The NATO’s mine warfare force SNMCMG-2 already arrived in İzmir on 2nd November 2012.

Nusret mine warfare exercise is organized by Turkish Navy and is an annual exercise.

Nusret 2011 Mine Warfare Exericse

Between 20th and 30th November 2011 The Turkish Navy will host the Nusret 2011 Exercise. This is an annual exercise to hone mine hunting skills of the participants.

This years exercise area is Bay of Saros just west of the Gelibolu peninsula which is a very appropriate place for a mine warfare exercise.

The list of the participating ships is below. In addition to these forces a naval explosive ordnance disposal team, one air force C-130 Hercules aircraft and a helicopter will take in the exercise too.

Number
Name
Nation
Type
A-579 TCG Cezayirli Gazi Hasan Paşa Turkey Flagship
M-270 TCG Akçay Turkey Mine hunter
M-35 SPS Duero Spain Mine hunter
5557 ITS Numano Italy Mine hunter
M-1063 Bad Beversen Germany Mine hunter
NL-125 Osmangazi (Note-1) Turkey Mine layer
M- 9 mine warfare ships Turkey Mine hunter /sweeper
P- Fast attack craft Turkey Fast attack craft
P- Patrol vessel Turkey Patrol vessel
P- Fast attack craft Turkey Fast attack craft
P- Patrol vessel Turkey Patrol vessel
A-589 Işın (Note-1) Turkey Salvage
SG- Coast Guard Vessel Turkey Patrol Vessel
Note-1: Participation these ships are not confirmed but assumed. Bosphorus Naval News

Click here and here to read about the last year’s exercise.

>The Legendary Mine Layer Nusret, In Active Duty Again!

>

N-16 TCG Nusret

There are a few ships, that directly influenced the history. The small minelayer Nusret is one of them. Perhaps the smallest of them.

She was a German built mine layer in service of Ottoman Navy when she laid 20 new mines to a bay which was used previously cleared by Allied mine sweepers. This bay was used to maneuver Allied battleships when they were bombarding the forts along Dardanelles at the beginning of March 1915.

These latest mines of Nusret were laid parallel to the shore as an exception.

On 18 March 1915 when the Allied Armada forced her way up the Dardanelles, everything seem to be on their  side. until at around 14:00 a small cloud of yellowish smoke, which turned black afterwards, came out of the starboard quarter of the Bouvet. This old French battleship had struck a mine. One of the mines laid ten day ago by Nusret. Bouvet sank in a very short time.

A few hours later first HMS Inflexible and shortly  later HMS Irresistible struck to same mines from Nusret.

Of the 16 capital ships that sailed in the Dardanelles that morning HMS Ocean, HMS Irresistible and Bouvet never returned. HMS Inflexible and Gaulios had to be beached at the near by small island in order to be rescued. Suffren heavily damaged by Turkish guns had to be docked at Malta for intensive repairs..

Winston Churchill defined those mines as the reason for the prolonging of the war and the enormous casualties, in the interview he made with “Revue de Paris,” in 1930.

The original Nusret was sold to a private company after her decommissioning from Turkish Navy in 1962. An unprecedented example of bureaucratic myopia and stupidity. She was used till late 80’ies when she sunk in Mersin Harbor. She was salvaged and bought by the Municipality of  Tarsus and restored. But as she was not  seaworthy anymore, she was placed on land.

Turkish Navy constructed a copy of the Nusret in Gölcük Naval Shipyard and launched her in September 2010. She was commissioned into the Turkish Navy on 11 February 2011 with the pennant number N-16.

N-16 TCG Nusret. A sailing legend.

Earlier this month she cruised under her own power from Gölcük to Çanakkale where she will serve as a floating museum. She took part in the remembrance and celebration of the victory against the Allied Fleet in 18 March 1915.

I wish her calm seas and friendly winds.

>German Minehunter Bad Rappenau On Nusret 2010 Exercise

>The German 332 class minehunter, M-1067 Bad Rappenau has an interesting webpage where they write about their deployment in SNMCMG 2.

They have shared their experience in the Nusret 2010 invitation mine exercise. Click here to read it.

>More On Nusret 2010 and Mavi Balina 2010 Exercises

>

It is a busy week full with exercises.
The Nusret 2010 mine exercise has started and is continuing in the Aegean. On Monday there was a press conference about it.
According to the information shared on this conference the order of battle for the exercise looks like this:
TCG Sokulu Mehmet Paşa
3 mine hunters Engin or Aydın class
1 corvette Burak class
1 rescue ship
1 patrol boat
1 mine recovery boat
1 coast guard vessel
1 C-130 plane
1 helicopter
1 EOD team

Of course the NATO SNMCMG-2 is taking part along with additions from Greece and Bulgaria: 
HS Aliakmon A 470 (Flagship)
HS Evniki M 61
TCG Anamur M 269
ITS Numana 5557
SPS Tambre M 33
FGS Bad Rappenau M 1067
BS Priboy M 68
1 Greek mine hunter
The anti submarine exercise Mavi Balina is going on in the east Mediterranean. It was reported that the Greek Navy pulled its frigate away from the exercise in protest of Turkish Air force planes taking part in the exercise. 
In the meantime there was a hostage rescue and anti terror exercise in Izmir harbor. According the exercise scenario, the special teams boarded a ship that was hijacked by terrorist and cleared the bombs left by the terrorist.  Click for the photos and video.

>Nusret 2010 Starts On Saturday

>Apparently November will be a busy month. While Turkish submarines are playing hide and seek with Turkish and SNMG-2 frigates, SNMCMG-2 will be hunting mines with Bulgarian, Greek and Turkish mine hunters.

The annual Nusret naval exercise will be held between 6 and 13 November. The aim of this exercise is to improve anti mine warfare techniques of the participants.

The list of participants is not available yet but according to Bulgarian MOD, M68 BGS Priboy will take part.

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