Russian Warship Movements Through Turkish Straits (Part 46)

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Russian repair ship PM-138 passing through Bosphorus. Photo: Yörük Işık. Used with permission.

On 11 April 2014, Friday the Amur class repair ship from Russian Black Sea Fleet PM-138 passed through Bosphorus on her Syrian deployment. This means that PM-56 currently stationed in Tartus Syria will be returning home soon.

The list of Russian warship movements in 2014:

Date Number Name Direction
02/01/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Northbound
02/01/14 156 Yamal Northbound
18/01/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Southbound
18/01/14 151 Azov Southbound
27/01/14 102 Kaliningrad Southbound
01/02/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Northbound
01/02/14 151 Azov Northbound
07/02/14 810 Smetlivy Northbound
10/02/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Southbound
10/02/14 151 Azov Southbound
20/02/14 150 Saratov Southbound
20/02/14 156 Yamal Southbound
26/02/14 102 Kaliningrad Northbound
26/02/14 127 Minsk Northbound
04/03/14 150 Saratov Northbound
04/03/14 156 Yamal Northbound
23/03/14 012 Olenegorskiy Gorniak Southbound
23/03/14 102 Kaliningrad Southbound
23/03/14 127 Minsk Southbound
03/04/14 012 Olenegorskiy Gorniak Northbound
03/04/14 102 Kaliningrad Southbound
10/04/14 150 Saratov Southbound
10/04/14 156 Yamal Southbound
11/04/14 138 PM-138 Southbound
12/04/14 MB-304 MB-304 Southbound

I have archived the list of the Russian ship movements in 2013.

Turkish Warship Movements Through Bosphorus

These are the photos from the passages of Turkish warships through Bosphorus in the last 10 days.

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Unidentified Turkish Preveze or Gür class submarine making a southbound passage through Bosphorus as she was returning from Deniz Yıldızı 2104 naval exercise on 11 April 2014. Photo: Yörük Işık. Used with permission.

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Turkish frigate F-244 TCG Barbaros making a southbound passage through Bosphorus as she was returning from Deniz Yıldızı 2104 naval exercise on 11 April 2014. Photo: Yörük Işık. Used with permission.

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The frigates F-247 TCG Kemalreis and F-241 TCG Fatih on a northbound passage through Bosphorus on 7 April 2014. They are deploying for her Deniz Yıldızı 2014 naval exercise. Photo: Kerim Bozkurt. Used With Permission

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The frigate F-247 TCG Kemalireis on a northbound passage through Bosphorus on 7 April 2014. She is deploying for her Deniz Yıldızı 2014 naval exercise. Photo: Kerim Bozkurt. Used With Permission

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The mine hunter M-517 TCG Sapanca and the frigate F-246 TCG Salihreis on a northbound passage through Bosphorus on 7 April 2014. They are deploying for her Deniz Yıldızı 2014 naval exercise. Photo: Kerim Bozkurt. Used With Permission

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The mine hunter M-516 TCG Sigacık, on a northbound passage through Bosphorus on 7 April 2014. She is on her way for her Deniz Yıldızı 2014 naval exercise deployment. Photo: Kerim Bozkurt. Used With Permission

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A-579 TCG Cezayirli Gazi Hasan Paşa on a northbound passage through Bosphorus on 6 April 2014. She is on her way for her Deniz Yıldızı 2014 naval exercise deployment. Photo: Kerim Bozkurt. Used With Permission.

FS Dupuy de Lôme Passed Through Turkish Straits

Today the French intelligence collection ship FS Dupuy de Lôme passed through Turkish Straits too, following the US destroyer USS Donald Cook.

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French spy ship FS Dupuy de Lôme passing through the Bosphorus. Photo: Kerim Bozkurt. Used with permission.

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French spy ship FS Dupuy de Lôme passing through the Bosphorus. Photo: Kerim Bozkurt. Used with permission.

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French spy ship FS Dupuy de Lôme passing through the Bosphorus. Photo: Kerim Bozkurt. Used with permission.

The French Navy has been usually active in last couple of weeks in this region:

On 28 March 2014, FS Alizé, diving support ship used by the French external intelligence agency passed through Turkish Straits. She took part in a naval exercise in Varna, Bulgaria. I have no idea about her present whereabouts, but she could be still in the Black Sea.

On 7 April 2014, FS Var, replenishment tanker arrived in Marmaris for a 3 day port visit.

On 14 April 2014 we expect the destroyer FS Dupleix to pass through the Turkish Straits.

But by far the intelligence gathering ship FS Dupuy de Lôme will be the most controversial one. She is fitted with COMINT and ELINT equipment.  Her helicopter pad might be used to launch and recover unmanned air vehicles which can carry additional intelligence gathering sensors. According to Jane’s Fighting Ship,  the ship is available for 350 days a year and active for 240 days.

May be France is better in making strategic communication at a level that can be correctly interpreted by Russians by sending two spy ships to the back yard of the Russians.

USS Donald Cook Passed Through Turkish Straits

Today the long-awaited US warship, Arleigh Burke class destroyer DDG-75 USS Donald Cook passed through Turkish Straits.

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Arleigh Burke class (Flight II) class destroyer DDG-75 USS Donald Cook passing through Bosphorus. Photo: Kerim Bozkurt. Used with permission.

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Arleigh Burke class (Flight II) class destroyer DDG-75 USS Donald Cook passing through Bosphorus. Photo: Kerim Bozkurt. Used with permission.

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Arleigh Burke class (Flight II) class destroyer DDG-75 USS Donald Cook passing through Bosphorus. Photo: Kerim Bozkurt. Used with permission.

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Arleigh Burke class (Flight II) class destroyer DDG-75 USS Donald Cook passing through Bosphorus. Photo: Kerim Bozkurt. Used with permission.

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Arleigh Burke class (Flight II) class destroyer DDG-75 USS Donald Cook passing through Bosphorus. Photo: Yörük Işık. Used with permission.

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Arleigh Burke class (Flight II) class destroyer DDG-75 USS Donald Cook passing through Bosphorus. Photo: Yörük Işık. Used with permission.

She has entered to the Dardanelles at 07.00 in the morning and passed through Bosphorus at 16.00.

She is the second warship USA has send to the Black Sea since the start of the Crimean crisis. The other ship was DDG-103 USS Truxtun.

The Russian Foreign Ministry is fuming against Turkey over the practice of the Montreux Convention. But I remember very well back in 2008 they were praising Turkey over the practice of Montreux Convention when due to technical limitations US Navy hospital ships were not allowed to pass through Turkish Straits.

The arrival of a new US Navy warship to the Black Sea will not make things easier and she is not only non-Black Sea Navy ship in the region. The French warship FS Alizé is  believed still to be in the Black Sea and today the French ELINT/SIGINT ship FS Dupuy de Lôme also passed through the Bosphorus.

And there are still 7 frigates, 1 corvette, 2 submarines, 8 fast attack craft, 1 mine hunter, 3 auxiliaries of Turkish Navy in the Black Sea. These units have not returned from the Deniz Yıldızı 2014 exercise yet.

Russian Warship Movements Through Turkish Straits (Part 45)

Russian warship Yamal passing through the Dardanelles. Photo: DHA.

Russian warship Yamal passing through the Dardanelles. Photo: DHA.

Yesterday, two Russian landing ships, the Alligator class 150 Saratov and Ropucha class 156 Yamal have passed through Dardanelles as they going for their Syrian Express deployment.

The list of Russian warship movements in 2014:

Date Number Name Direction
02/01/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Northbound
02/01/14 156 Yamal Northbound
18/01/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Southbound
18/01/14 151 Azov Southbound
27/01/14 102 Kaliningrad Southbound
01/02/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Northbound
01/02/14 151 Azov Northbound
07/02/14 810 Smetlivy Northbound
10/02/14 016 Georgiy Pobedonosets Southbound
10/02/14 151 Azov Southbound
20/02/14 150 Saratov Southbound
20/02/14 156 Yamal Southbound
26/02/14 102 Kaliningrad Northbound
26/02/14 127 Minsk Northbound
04/03/14 150 Saratov Northbound
04/03/14 156 Yamal Northbound
23/03/14 012 Olenegorskiy Gorniak Southbound
23/03/14 102 Kaliningrad Southbound
23/03/14 127 Minsk Southbound
03/04/14 012 Olenegorskiy Gorniak Northbound
03/04/14 102 Kaliningrad Southbound
10/04/14 150 Saratov Southbound
10/04/14 156 Yamal Southbound

I have archived the list of the Russian ship movements in 2013.

Turkish Naval Deployments

We are witnessing an increased activity by Turkish Navy in the last few weeks.

Here is a short list of the deployed frigates, the mainstay of Turkish Navy:

F-490 TCG Gaziantep is participating to Joint Warrior 14-1 naval exercise in Scotland. Later she will visit Norway, Poland and Finland.

F-493 TCG Gelibolu is cruising in Persian Gulf and Indian Ocean. She took part in Dimdex exhibition in Qatar. Then she has visited Kuwait and Oman. Now she is in Pakistan.

F-494 TCG Gökçeada is with the SNMG-2 in Indian Ocean and is taking part in Operation Ocean Shield.

F-495 TCG Gediz and F-245 TCG Oruçreis are circumnavigating Africa with the corvette F-511 TCG Heybeliada and tanker A-595 TCG Yarbay Kudret Güngör. The task force will arrive in Abidjan, Ivory Coast at this week-end.

7 unnamed frigates are taking part in naval exercise Deniz Yıldızı 2014 in Black Sea.

 

If you do the math you will see that 12 of the 16 frigates in Turkish Navy inventory are now deployed. In other words %75 of our frigates are underway. We may be not sustain this high percentage of deployment for a prolonged time periods but it is good to see that our ships are there where they are needed: On the seas.

 

 

 

Turkish Warships On Bosphorus

The last few days we were able to witness a couple of Turkish warships on Bosphorus.

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A-579 TCG Cezayirli Hasan Paşa Photo: Yörük Işık. Used with permission.

The Rhein class tender, A-579 TCG Cezayirli Hasan Paşa is a ship with many missions. She and her sister TCG Sokullu Mehmet Paşa are used for the training cruises of midshipmen of Turkish Naval Academy. The two ships are also employed as flagships of fleets when necessary. TCG Cezayirli Hasan Paşa was the flag ship of NATO’s SNMCMG-2 in 2012.

Ç138

TCG Ç-138

TCG Ç-138 is one of the 13 landing craft build in 80′sand 90′s. The older landing craft is being replaced by the newer generation which is almost 10 knots faster than these old workhorses.

P305

P-305 TCG Ağ-5

TCG Ağ-5 stated her life as a boom vessel in 1960. She was constructed in Germany by US funding for Turkish Navy. Since anti submarine nets are soo out dated this ship is used for miscellaneous duties.

FS Var In Marmaris

A-608 FS Var in Marmaris. Photo: yeniasir.com

A-608 FS Var in Marmaris. Photo: yeniasir.com

French Durance class underway replenishment tanker A-608 FS Var arrived in Marmaris in the morning hours on 5 April 2014.

Although it was not disclosed how long the ship will stay in Marmaris, it is safe to assume that the port visit will take at least 3 days. It was reported that FS Var is going back to France after completing her deployment for NATO’s Active Endeavor in Eastern Mediterranean.

Lest We Forget: TCG Dumlupınar

On 4 April 1953, in the wee hours of the morning two Turkish submarines  TCG Dumlupınar and her sister boat TCG 1. İnönü,entered from the Aegean into the Dardanelles Strait, as the returning from the NATO naval exercise Blue Sea.

The Commodore of First Submarine Squadron was in command of the two submarines and he was on board of TCG Dumlupınar. When the submarine reached the Cape Nara, the narrowest point of the Strait the Swedish flagged cargo ship M/V Naboland collided with the submarine. The accident happened at 02:15 in the morning.

M/V Naboland rammed TCG Dumlupınar from starboard forecastle just aft of the forward diving planes. The submarine rolled to port with force of the impact and sunk immediately. 5 sailors who were in the sail at the time of the collision survived. Rest of the crew, 81 men, were trapped inside her hull. She sunk at the narrowest point of Dardanelles at 85 meters.

22 sailors trapped in the aft torpedo compartment were able to release the submarine’s sunk buoy. The rescuers above the water tried to give hope and moral but time was an enemy. Submarine rescue and salvage ships were rushed from the main naval base in Gölcük after the incident. But all efforts to reach the submarine and rescue the survivors failed cause of very strong water currents and insufficient equipment.

The last words from the submarine, before the currents tore the cable of buoy were: For our country.

Since that fateful day, on every 4th of April we remember those that have a watery grave were no rose will grow.

Deniz Yıldızı 14 Naval Exercise

Turkish Navy is going to conduct a large-scale exercise in Black Sea and Marmara Sea.

The exercise Deniz Yıldızı 2014 will be held between start on 7 and 11 April 2014.

There is a long list of participating units as purpose of the exercise is to try to improve operations performed and fleet or task force level.  7 frigates, 1 corvette, 2 submarines, 8 fast attack craft, 1 mine hunter, 3 auxiliaries, 6 helicopters and 2 maritime patrol aircraft will take part in the exercise. In addition to these units 8 coast guard vessels and various Turkish Air  Force units will participate in the exercise.

 

 

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